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34  structures 901  species 3  interactions 12295  sequences 135  architectures

Clan: EsxAB (CL0352)

Summary

WXG100-A/WXG100-B dimer Add an annotation

The WXG100 protein secretion system (Wss) is responsible for the secretion of WXG100 proteins (PF06013), such as ESAT-10 (6 kDa early secreted antigenic target) and CFP-10 (10 kDa culture filtrate protein) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis or EsxA (ESAT-6-like extracellularly secreted protein A) and EsxB in Staphylococcus aureus. These two proteins, generally encoded in the same gene cluster, form a 1:1 heterodimeric complex. These proteins are virulence factors involved in host-pathogen interaction [1], as demonstrated in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Staphylococcus aureus or Bacillus anthracis. The Wss is encoded in many other Gram-positive (monoderm) bacteria. This superfamily contains a number of DUFs which are closely related and may or may not represent the same family of proteins.

This clan contains 6 families and the total number of domains in the clan is 12295. The clan was built by RD Finn.

Literature references

  1. Burts ML, Williams WA, DeBord K, Missiakas DM; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:1169-1174.: EsxA and EsxB are secreted by an ESAT-6-like system that is required for the pathogenesis of Staphylococcus aureus infections. PUBMED:15657139 EPMC:15657139
  2. Desvaux M, Hebraud M, Talon R, Henderson IR;, Trends Microbiol. 2009;17:338-340.: Outer membrane translocation: numerical protein secretion nomenclature in question in mycobacteria. PUBMED:19674902 EPMC:19674902
  3. Sutcliffe IC;, Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2011;99:127-131.: New insights into the distribution of WXG100 protein secretion systems. PUBMED:20852931 EPMC:20852931
  4. Desvaux M, Hebraud M, Talon R, Henderson IR;, Trends Microbiol. 2009;17:139-145.: Secretion and subcellular localizations of bacterial proteins: a semantic awareness issue. PUBMED:19299134 EPMC:19299134

Members

This clan contains the following 6 member families:

DUF2563 DUF2580 LXG PE PPE WXG100

External database links

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures from this clan. More...

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Alignments

The table below shows the number of occurrences of each domain throughout the sequence database. More...

Pfam family Num. domains Alignment
PE (PF00934) 4012 (32.6%) View
PPE (PF00823) 3533 (28.7%) View
WXG100 (PF06013) 3120 (25.4%) View
LXG (PF04740) 970 (7.9%) View
DUF2580 (PF10824) 605 (4.9%) View
DUF2563 (PF10817) 55 (0.4%) View
Total: 6 Total: 12295 Clan alignment
 

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Family relationships

This diagram shows the relationships between members of this clan. More...

Species distribution

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This tree shows the occurrence of the domains in this clan across different species. More...

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Interactions

There are 3 interactions for this clan. More...

Interacting families
A B
PPE PE
PE PPE
PE

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the MSD group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt three-dimensional structures. The table below shows the mapping between the Pfam families in this clan, the corresponding UniProt entries, and the region of the three-dimensional structures that are available for that sequence.

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