Summary: LacY proton/sugar symporter
The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.
This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.
LacY proton/sugar symporter Provide feedback
This family is closely related to the sugar transporter family.
Internal database links
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||Nuc_H_symport Sugar_tr MFS_1 MFS_1 MFS_1_like MFS_2|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000576In bacteria there are a number of families of transport proteins, including symporters and antiporters, that mediate the intake of a variety of sugars with the concomitant uptake of hydrogen ions (proton symporters) [PUBMED:8438231]. The lacY family of Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are proton/beta-galactoside symporters, which, like most sugar transporters, are integral membrane proteins with 12 predicted transmembrane (TM) regions. Also similar to the lacY family are the rafinose (rafB) and sucrose (cscB) permeases from E. coli [PUBMED:1435727].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||membrane (GO:0016020)|
|Biological process||transport (GO:0006810)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
The major facilitator superfamily (MFS) is one of the two largest families of membrane transporters found on Earth . It is present ubiquitously in bacteria, archaea, and eukarya and includes members that can function by solute uniport, solute/cation symport, solute/cation antiport and/or solute/solute antiport with inwardly and/or outwardly directed polarity . All permeases of the MFS possess either 12 or 14 transmembrane helices .
The clan contains the following 25 members:Acatn ATG22 BT1 CLN3 DUF1228 DUF791 Folate_carrier FPN1 FTR1 LacY_symp MFS_1 MFS_1_like MFS_2 MFS_3 MFS_Mycoplasma Nodulin-like Nuc_H_symport Nucleoside_tran OATP PTR2 PUCC Sugar_tr TLC TRI12 UNC-93
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Author:||Finn RD, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||4|
|Number in full:||1275|
|Average length of the domain:||380.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||39 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||96.84 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||14|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
There is 1 interaction for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the LacY_symp domain has been found. There are 10 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...