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0  structures 3323  species 0  interactions 32448  sequences 163  architectures

Family: Sugar_tr (PF00083)

Summary: Sugar (and other) transporter

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Sugar (and other) transporter Provide feedback

No Pfam abstract.

Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR005828

Recent genome-sequencing data and a wealth of biochemical and molecular genetic investigations have revealed the occurrence of dozens of families of primary and secondary transporters. Two such families have been found to occur ubiquitously in all classifications of living organisms. These are the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily and the major facilitator superfamily (MFS), also called the uniporter-symporter-antiporter family. While ABC family permeases are in general multicomponent primary active transporters, capable of transporting both small molecules and macromolecules in response to ATP hydrolysis the MFS transporters are single-polypeptide secondary carriers capable only of transporting small solutes in response to chemiosmotic ion gradients. Although well over 100 families of transporters have now been recognised and classified, the ABC superfamily and MFS account for nearly half of the solute transporters encoded within the genomes of microorganisms. They are also prevalent in higher organisms. The importance of these two families of transport systems to living organisms can therefore not be overestimated [PUBMED:9529885].

The MFS was originally believed to function primarily in the uptake of sugars but subsequent studies revealed that drug efflux systems, Krebs cycle metabolites, organophosphate:phosphate exchangers, oligosaccharide:H1 symport permeases, and bacterial aromatic acid permeases were all members of the MFS. These observations led to the probability that the MFS is far more widespread in nature and far more diverse in function than had been thought previously. 17 subgroups of the MFS have been identified [PUBMED:9529885].

Evidence suggests that the MFS permeases arose by a tandem intragenic duplication event in the early prokaryotes. This event generated a 2-transmembrane-spanner (TMS) protein topology from a primordial 6-TMS unit. Surprisingly, all currently recognised MFS permeases retain the two six-TMS units within a single polypeptide chain, although in 3 of the 17 MFS families, an additional two TMSs are found [PUBMED:8987357]. Moreover, the well-conserved MFS specific motif between TMS2 and TMS3 and the related but less well conserved motif between TMS8 and TMS9 [PUBMED:1970645] prove to be a characteristic of virtually all of the more than 300 MFS proteins identified.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan MFS (CL0015), which has the following description:

The major facilitator superfamily (MFS) is one of the two largest families of membrane transporters found on Earth [1]. It is present ubiquitously in bacteria, archaea, and eukarya and includes members that can function by solute uniport, solute/cation symport, solute/cation antiport and/or solute/solute antiport with inwardly and/or outwardly directed polarity [1]. All permeases of the MFS possess either 12 or 14 transmembrane helices [1].

The clan contains the following 25 members:

Acatn ATG22 BT1 CLN3 DUF1228 DUF791 Folate_carrier FPN1 FTR1 LacY_symp MFS_1 MFS_1_like MFS_2 MFS_3 MFS_Mycoplasma Nodulin-like Nuc_H_symport Nucleoside_tran OATP PTR2 PUCC Sugar_tr TLC TRI12 UNC-93

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(44)
Full
(32448)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(74553)
Meta
(5580)
RP15
(3767)
RP35
(7345)
RP55
(11757)
RP75
(14571)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(44)
Full
(32448)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(74553)
Meta
(5580)
RP15
(3767)
RP35
(7345)
RP55
(11757)
RP75
(14571)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(44)
Full
(32448)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(74553)
Meta
(5580)
RP15
(3767)
RP35
(7345)
RP55
(11757)
RP75
(14571)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download     Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download     Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Prosite hmmls-iteration
Previous IDs: sugar_tr;
Type: Family
Author: Sonnhammer ELL
Number in seed: 44
Number in full: 32448
Average length of the domain: 356.20 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 18 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 81.17 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 20.7 20.7
Trusted cut-off 20.7 20.7
Noise cut-off 20.6 20.6
Model length: 451
Family (HMM) version: 19
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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