Summary: MutS domain V
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MutS domain V Provide feedback
This domain is found in proteins of the MutS family (DNA mismatch repair proteins) and is found associated with PF01624 PF05188 PF05192 and PF05190. The mutS family of proteins is named after the Salmonella typhimurium MutS protein involved in mismatch repair; other members of the family included the eukaryotic MSH 1,2,3, 4,5 and 6 proteins. These have various roles in DNA repair and recombination. Human MSH has been implicated in non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) and is a mismatch binding protein . The aligned region corresponds with domain V of Thermus aquaticus MutS as characterised in  which contains a Walker A motif, and is structurally similar to the ATPase domain of ABC transporters.
Tachiki H, Kato R, Masui R, Hasegawa K, Itakura H, Fukuyama K, Kuramitsu S; , Nucleic Acids Res 1998;26:4153-4159.: Domain organization and functional analysis of Thermus thermophilus MutS protein [published erratum appears in Nucleic Acids Res 1998 Oct 15;26(20):following 4789] PUBMED:9722634 EPMC:9722634
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||AAA_14 AAA_23 AAA_27 AAA_29 ATG17_like Exonuc_VII_L MutS_III Rad17|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||ABC_tran RNA_helicase NTPase_1 AAA_21 AAA_22 AAA_23 AAA_28 AAA_29|
External database links
|HOMSTRAD:||MutS_D2 MutS_D3 MutS_N MutS_NC|
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000432
Mismatch repair contributes to the overall fidelity of DNA replication and is essential for combating the adverse effects of damage to the genome. It involves the correction of mismatched base pairs that have been missed by the proofreading element of the DNA polymerase complex. The post-replicative Mismatch Repair System (MMRS) of Escherichia coli involves MutS (Mutator S), MutL and MutH proteins, and acts to correct point mutations or small insertion/deletion loops produced during DNA replication [ PUBMED:17919654 ]. MutS and MutL are involved in preventing recombination between partially homologous DNA sequences. The assembly of MMRS is initiated by MutS, which recognises and binds to mispaired nucleotides and allows further action of MutL and MutH to eliminate a portion of newly synthesized DNA strand containing the mispaired base [ PUBMED:17599803 ]. MutS can also collaborate with methyltransferases in the repair of O(6)-methylguanine damage, which would otherwise pair with thymine during replication to create an O(6)mG:T mismatch [ PUBMED:17951114 ]. MutS exists as a dimer, where the two monomers have different conformations and form a heterodimer at the structural level [ PUBMED:17426027 ]. Only one monomer recognises the mismatch specifically and has ADP bound. Non-specific major groove DNA-binding domains from both monomers embrace the DNA in a clamp-like structure. Mismatch binding induces ATP uptake and a conformational change in the MutS protein, resulting in a clamp that translocates on DNA.
MutS is a modular protein with a complex structure [ PUBMED:11048711 ], and is composed of:
- N-terminal mismatch-recognition domain, which is similar in structure to tRNA endonuclease.
- Connector domain, which is similar in structure to Holliday junction resolvase ruvC.
- Core domain, which is composed of two separate subdomains that join together to form a helical bundle; from within the core domain, two helices act as levers that extend towards (but do not touch) the DNA.
- Clamp domain, which is inserted between the two subdomains of the core domain at the top of the lever helices; the clamp domain has a beta-sheet structure.
- ATPase domain (connected to the core domain), which has a classical Walker A motif.
- HTH (helix-turn-helix) domain, which is involved in dimer contacts.
The MutS family of proteins is named after the Salmonella typhimurium MutS protein involved in mismatch repair. Homologues of MutS have been found in many species including eukaryotes (MSH 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 proteins), archaea and bacteria, and together these proteins have been grouped into the MutS family. Although many of these proteins have similar activities to the E. coli MutS, there is significant diversity of function among the MutS family members. Human MSH has been implicated in non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) and is a mismatch binding protein [ PUBMED:8036718 ].This diversity is even seen within species, where many species encode multiple MutS homologues with distinct functions [ PUBMED:9722651 ]. Inter-species homologues may have arisen through frequent ancient horizontal gene transfer of MutS (and MutL) from bacteria to archaea and eukaryotes via endosymbiotic ancestors of mitochondria and chloroplasts [ PUBMED:17965091 ].
This entry represents the C-terminal domain found in proteins in the MutS family of DNA mismatch repair proteins. The C-terminal region of MutS is comprised of the ATPase domain and the HTH (helix-turn-helix) domain, the latter being involved in dimer contacts. Yeast MSH3 [ PUBMED:8510668 ], bacterial proteins involved in DNA mismatch repair, and the predicted protein product of the Rep-3 gene of mouse share extensive sequence similarity. Human MSH has been implicated in non-polyposis colorectal carcinoma (HNPCC) and is a mismatch binding protein.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||ATP binding (GO:0005524)|
|mismatched DNA binding (GO:0030983)|
|Biological process||mismatch repair (GO:0006298)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
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AAA family proteins often perform chaperone-like functions that assist in the assembly, operation, or disassembly of protein complexes .
The clan contains the following 245 members:6PF2K AAA AAA-ATPase_like AAA_10 AAA_11 AAA_12 AAA_13 AAA_14 AAA_15 AAA_16 AAA_17 AAA_18 AAA_19 AAA_2 AAA_21 AAA_22 AAA_23 AAA_24 AAA_25 AAA_26 AAA_27 AAA_28 AAA_29 AAA_3 AAA_30 AAA_31 AAA_32 AAA_33 AAA_34 AAA_35 AAA_5 AAA_6 AAA_7 AAA_8 AAA_9 AAA_PrkA ABC_ATPase ABC_tran ABC_tran_Xtn Adeno_IVa2 Adenylsucc_synt ADK AFG1_ATPase AIG1 APS_kinase Arf ArsA_ATPase ATP-synt_ab ATP_bind_1 ATP_bind_2 ATPase ATPase_2 Bac_DnaA BCA_ABC_TP_C Beta-Casp bpMoxR BrxC_BrxD BrxL_ATPase Cas_Csn2 Cas_St_Csn2 CbiA CBP_BcsQ CDC73_C CENP-M CFTR_R CLP1_P CMS1 CoaE CobA_CobO_BtuR CobU cobW CPT CSM2 CTP_synth_N Cytidylate_kin Cytidylate_kin2 DAP3 DEAD DEAD_2 divDNAB DLIC DNA_pack_C DNA_pack_N DNA_pol3_delta DNA_pol3_delta2 DnaB_C dNK DO-GTPase1 DO-GTPase2 DUF1611 DUF2075 DUF2326 DUF2478 DUF257 DUF2813 DUF3584 DUF463 DUF4914 DUF5906 DUF6079 DUF815 DUF835 DUF87 DUF927 Dynamin_N Dynein_heavy Elong_Iki1 ELP6 ERCC3_RAD25_C Exonuc_V_gamma FeoB_N Fer4_NifH Flavi_DEAD FTHFS FtsK_SpoIIIE G-alpha Gal-3-0_sulfotr GBP GBP_C GpA_ATPase GpA_nuclease GTP_EFTU Gtr1_RagA Guanylate_kin GvpD_P-loop HDA2-3 Helicase_C Helicase_C_2 Helicase_C_4 Helicase_RecD HerA_C Herpes_Helicase Herpes_ori_bp Herpes_TK HydF_dimer HydF_tetramer Hydin_ADK IIGP IPPT IPT iSTAND IstB_IS21 KAP_NTPase KdpD Kinase-PPPase Kinesin KTI12 LAP1_C LpxK MCM MeaB MEDS Mg_chelatase Microtub_bd MipZ MMR_HSR1 MMR_HSR1_C MobB MukB Mur_ligase_M MutS_V Myosin_head NACHT NAT_N NB-ARC NOG1 NTPase_1 NTPase_P4 ORC3_N P-loop_TraG ParA Parvo_NS1 PAXNEB PduV-EutP PhoH PIF1 Ploopntkinase1 Ploopntkinase2 Ploopntkinase3 Podovirus_Gp16 Polyoma_lg_T_C Pox_A32 PPK2 PPV_E1_C PRK PSY3 Rad17 Rad51 Ras RecA ResIII RHD3_GTPase RhoGAP_pG1_pG2 RHSP RNA12 RNA_helicase Roc RsgA_GTPase RuvB_N SbcC_Walker_B SecA_DEAD Senescence Septin Sigma54_activ_2 Sigma54_activat SKI SMC_N SNF2-rel_dom SpoIVA_ATPase Spore_III_AA SRP54 SRPRB SulA Sulfotransfer_1 Sulfotransfer_2 Sulfotransfer_3 Sulfotransfer_4 Sulfotransfer_5 Sulphotransf SWI2_SNF2 T2SSE T4SS-DNA_transf TerL_ATPase Terminase_3 Terminase_6N Thymidylate_kin TIP49 TK TmcA_N TniB Torsin TraG-D_C tRNA_lig_kinase TrwB_AAD_bind TsaE UvrB UvrD-helicase UvrD_C UvrD_C_2 Viral_helicase1 VirC1 VirE YqeC Zeta_toxin Zot
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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|Author:||Finn RD , Studholme DJ|
|Number in seed:||28|
|Number in full:||23844|
|Average length of the domain:||181.60 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||34 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||21.85 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||24|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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The tree is built by considering the taxonomic lineage of each sequence that has a match to this family. For each node in the resulting tree, we draw an arc in the sunburst. The radius of the arc, its distance from the root node at the centre of the sunburst, shows the taxonomic level ("superkingdom", "kingdom", etc). The length of the arc represents either the number of sequences represented at a given level, or the number of species that are found beneath the node in the tree. The weighting scheme can be changed using the sunburst controls.
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Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
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Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
We also count the number of unique sequences on which each domain is found, which is shown in green. Note that a domain may appear multiple times on the same sequence, leading to the difference between these two numbers.
Finally, we group sequences from the same organism according to the NCBI code that is assigned by UniProt, allowing us to count the number of distinct sequences on which the domain is found. This value is shown in the pink boxes.
We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the MutS_V domain has been found. There are 83 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.