Summary: BTB/POZ domain
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BTB/POZ domain Edit Wikipedia article
Structure of the BTB domain from PLZF.
The BTB (for BR-C, ttk and bab) or POZ (for Pox virus and Zinc finger) domain is present near the N-terminus of a fraction of zinc finger proteins and in proteins that contain the Kelch motif and a family of pox virus proteins. The BTB/POZ domain mediates homomeric dimerisation and in some instances heteromeric dimerisation. The structure of the dimerised PLZF BTB/POZ domain has been solved and consists of a tightly intertwined homodimer. The central scaffolding of the protein is made up of a cluster of alpha-helices flanked by short beta-sheets at both the top and bottom of the molecule. BTB/POZ domains from several zinc finger proteins have been shown to mediate transcriptional repression and to interact with components of histone deacetylase co-repressor complexes including N-CoR and SMRT. The POZ or BTB domain is also known as BR-C/Ttk or ZiN.
- Ahmad KF, Engel CK, Privé GG (October 1998). "Crystal structure of the BTB domain from PLZF". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 95 (21): 12123–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.21.12123. PMC . PMID 9770450.
- Zollman S, Godt D, Privé GG, Couderc JL, Laski FA (October 1994). "The BTB domain, found primarily in zinc finger proteins, defines an evolutionarily conserved family that includes several developmentally regulated genes in Drosophila". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91 (22): 10717–21. doi:10.1073/pnas.91.22.10717. PMC . PMID 7938017.
- Bardwell VJ, Treisman R (July 1994). "The POZ domain: a conserved protein-protein interaction motif". Genes Dev. 8 (14): 1664–77. doi:10.1101/gad.8.14.1664. PMID 7958847.
- Deweindt C, Albagli O, Bernardin F, Dhordain P, Quief S, Lantoine D, Kerckaert JP, Leprince D (December 1995). "The LAZ3/BCL6 oncogene encodes a sequence-specific transcriptional inhibitor: a novel function for the BTB/POZ domain as an autonomous repressing domain". Cell Growth Differ. 6 (12): 1495–503. PMID 9019154.
- Huynh KD, Bardwell VJ (November 1998). "The BCL-6 POZ domain and other POZ domains interact with the co-repressors N-CoR and SMRT". Oncogene. 17 (19): 2473–84. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1202197. PMID 9824158.
- Wong CW, Privalsky ML (October 1998). "Components of the SMRT corepressor complex exhibit distinctive interactions with the POZ domain oncoproteins PLZF, PLZF-RARalpha, and BCL-6". J. Biol. Chem. 273 (42): 27695–702. doi:10.1074/jbc.273.42.27695. PMID 9765306.
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BTB/POZ domain Provide feedback
The BTB (for BR-C, ttk and bab)  or POZ (for Pox virus and Zinc finger)  domain is present near the N-terminus of a fraction of zinc finger (PF00096) proteins and in proteins that contain the PF01344 motif such as Kelch and a family of pox virus proteins. The BTB/POZ domain mediates homomeric dimerisation and in some instances heteromeric dimerisation . The structure of the dimerised PLZF BTB/POZ domain has been solved and consists of a tightly intertwined homodimer. The central scaffolding of the protein is made up of a cluster of alpha-helices flanked by short beta-sheets at both the top and bottom of the molecule . POZ domains from several zinc finger proteins have been shown to mediate transcriptional repression and to interact with components of histone deacetylase co-repressor complexes including N-CoR and SMRT [4,5,6]. The POZ or BTB domain is also known as BR-C/Ttk or ZiN.
Zollman S, Godt D, Prive GG, Couderc JL, Laski FA; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1994;91:10717-10721.: The BTB domain, found primarily in zinc finger proteins, defines an evolutionarily conserved family that includes several developmentally regulated genes in Drosophila. PUBMED:7938017 EPMC:7938017
Deweindt C, Albagli O, Bernardin F, Dhordain P, Quief S, Lantoine D, Kerckaert JP, Leprince D; , Cell Growth Differ 1995;6:1495-1503.: The LAZ3/BCL6 oncogene encodes a sequence-specific transcriptional inhibitor: a novel function for the BTB/POZ domain as an autonomous repressing domain. PUBMED:9019154 EPMC:9019154
Wong CW, Privalsky ML; , J Biol Chem 1998;273:27695-27702.: Components of the SMRT corepressor complex exhibit distinctive interactions with the POZ domain oncoproteins PLZF, PLZF-RARalpha, and BCL-6. PUBMED:9765306 EPMC:9765306
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||BACK BTB_2 BTB_3 SANBR_BTB Skp1_POZ zf-C2H2|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||BTB_2 Skp1_POZ BTB_3|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000210
The BTB domain (Broad-Complex, Tramtrack and Bric a brac) is also known as the POZ domain (POxvirus and Zinc finger). It is a homodimerization domain occurring at the N terminus of proteins containing multiple copies of either zinc fingers of the C2H2 type or Kelch repeats [ PUBMED:7938017 , PUBMED:7958847 ]. Many BTB proteins are transcriptional regulators that are thought to act through the control of chromatin structure.
The structure of the BTB domain of the promyelocytic leukemia zinc finger (PLZF) protein has been determined by X-ray crystallography and reveals a tightly intertwined dimer with an extensive hydrophobic interface [ PUBMED:9770450 ]. A surface-exposed groove lined with conserved amino acids is formed at the dimer interface, suggesting a peptide-binding site.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||protein binding (GO:0005515)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
The graphic that is shown by default represents the longest sequence with a given architecture. Each row contains the following information:
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The POZ domain is found in a variety of transcription factors. POZ domains are also found in the tetramerisation domain of voltage gated K+ channels. In general these domains mediate homo-oligomerisation.
The clan contains the following 6 members:BACK BTB BTB_2 BTB_3 SANBR_BTB Skp1_POZ
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.
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This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.
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Curation and family details
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|Author:||Bateman A , Bardwell VJ|
|Number in seed:||83|
|Number in full:||103339|
|Average length of the domain:||106.00 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||20 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||20.19 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||34|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the More....
This chart is a modified "sunburst" visualisation of the species tree for this family. It shows each node in the tree as a separate arc, arranged radially with the superkingdoms at the centre and the species arrayed around the outermost ring.
How the sunburst is generated
The tree is built by considering the taxonomic lineage of each sequence that has a match to this family. For each node in the resulting tree, we draw an arc in the sunburst. The radius of the arc, its distance from the root node at the centre of the sunburst, shows the taxonomic level ("superkingdom", "kingdom", etc). The length of the arc represents either the number of sequences represented at a given level, or the number of species that are found beneath the node in the tree. The weighting scheme can be changed using the sunburst controls.
In order to reduce the complexity of the representation, we reduce the number of taxonomic levels that we show. We consider only the following eight major taxonomic levels:
Colouring and labels
Segments of the tree are coloured approximately according to their superkingdom. For example, archeal branches are coloured with shades of orange, eukaryotes in shades of purple, etc. The colour assignments are shown under the sunburst controls. Where space allows, the name of the taxonomic level will be written on the arc itself.
As you move your mouse across the sunburst, the current node will be highlighted. In the top section of the controls panel we show a summary of the lineage of the currently highlighed node. If you pause over an arc, a tooltip will be shown, giving the name of the taxonomic level in the title and a summary of the number of sequences and species below that node in the tree.
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
There are some situations that the sunburst tree cannot easily handle and for which we have work-arounds in place.
Missing taxonomic levels
Some species in the taxonomic tree may not have one or more of the main eight levels that we display. For example, Bos taurus is not assigned an order in the NCBI taxonomic tree. In such cases we mark the omitted level with, for example, "No order", in both the tooltip and the lineage summary.
Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
So that these nodes are not simply omitted from the sunburst tree, we group them together in a separate branch (or segment of the sunburst tree). Since we cannot determine the lineage for these unmapped species, we show all levels between the superkingdom and the species as "uncategorised".
Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
Too many species/sequences
For large species trees, you may see blank regions in the outer layers of the sunburst. These occur when there are large numbers of arcs to be drawn in a small space. If an arc is less than approximately one pixel wide, it will not be drawn and the space will be left blank. You may still be able to get some information about the species in that region by moving your mouse across the area, but since each arc will be very small, it will be difficult to accurately locate a particular species.
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
We show the species tree in one of two ways. For smaller trees we try to show an interactive representation, which allows you to select specific nodes in the tree and view them as an alignment or as a set of Pfam domain graphics.
Unfortunately we have found that there are problems viewing the interactive tree when the it becomes larger than a certain limit. Furthermore, we have found that Internet Explorer can become unresponsive when viewing some trees, regardless of their size. We therefore show a text representation of the species tree when the size is above a certain limit or if you are using Internet Explorer to view the site.
If you are using IE you can still load the interactive tree by clicking the "Generate interactive tree" button, but please be aware of the potential problems that the interactive species tree can cause.
For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
We also count the number of unique sequences on which each domain is found, which is shown in green. Note that a domain may appear multiple times on the same sequence, leading to the difference between these two numbers.
Finally, we group sequences from the same organism according to the NCBI code that is assigned by UniProt, allowing us to count the number of distinct sequences on which the domain is found. This value is shown in the pink boxes.
We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the BTB domain has been found. There are 189 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.