Summary: Dihydrodipicolinate reductase, N-terminus
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Dihydrodipicolinate reductase, N-terminus Provide feedback
Dihydrodipicolinate reductase (DapB) reduces the alpha,beta-unsaturated cyclic imine, dihydro-dipicolinate. This reaction is the second committed step in the biosynthesis of L-lysine and its precursor meso-diaminopimelate, which are critical for both protein and cell wall biosynthesis. The N-terminal domain of DapB binds the dinucleotide NADPH.
Reddy SG, Scapin G, Blanchard JS; , Biochemistry 1996;35:13294-13302.: Interaction of pyridine nucleotide substrates with Escherichia coli dihydrodipicolinate reductase: thermodynamic and structural analysis of binary complexes. PUBMED:8873595 EPMC:8873595
Scapin G, Reddy SG, Zheng R, Blanchard JS; , Biochemistry 1997;36:15081-15088.: Three-dimensional structure of Escherichia coli dihydrodipicolinate reductase in complex with NADH and the inhibitor 2,6-pyridinedicarboxylate. PUBMED:9398235 EPMC:9398235
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000846
Dihydrodipicolinate reductase catalyzes the second step in the biosynthesis of diaminopimelic acid and lysine, the NAD or NADP-dependent reduction of 2,3-dihydrodipicolinate into 2,3,4,5-tetrahydrodipicolinate [ PUBMED:8873595 , PUBMED:9398235 , PUBMED:7893645 ].
In Escherichia coli and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, dihydrodipicolinate reductase has equal specificity for NADH and NADPH, however in Thermotoga maritima there it has a greater affinity for NADPH [ PUBMED:18250105 ]. In addition, the enzyme is inhibited by high concentrations of its substrate, which consequently acts as a feedback control on the lysine biosynthesis pathway. In T. maritima, the enzyme also lacks N-terminal and C-terminal loops which are present in enzyme of the former two organisms.
This entry represents the N-terminal domain of dihydrodipicolinate reductase which binds the dinucleotide NAD(P)H.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||4-hydroxy-tetrahydrodipicolinate reductase (GO:0008839)|
|Biological process||lysine biosynthetic process via diaminopimelate (GO:0009089)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
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A class of redox enzymes are two domain proteins. One domain, termed the catalytic domain, confers substrate specificity and the precise reaction of the enzyme. The other domain, which is common to this class of redox enzymes, is a Rossmann-fold domain. The Rossmann domain binds nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and it is this cofactor that reversibly accepts a hydride ion, which is lost or gained by the substrate in the redox reaction. Rossmann domains have an alpha/beta fold, which has a central beta sheet, with approximately five alpha helices found surrounding the beta sheet.The strands forming the beta sheet are found in the following characteristic order 654123. The inter sheet crossover of the stands in the sheet form the NAD+ binding site . In some more distantly relate Rossmann domains the NAD+ cofactor is replaced by the functionally similar cofactor FAD.
The clan contains the following 209 members:2-Hacid_dh_C 3Beta_HSD 3HCDH_N 3HCDH_RFF adh_short adh_short_C2 ADH_zinc_N ADH_zinc_N_2 AdoHcyase_NAD AdoMet_MTase AlaDh_PNT_C Amino_oxidase ApbA AviRa B12-binding Bac_GDH Bin3 Bmt2 BMT5-like BpsA_C CARME CbiJ CheR CMAS CmcI CoA_binding CoA_binding_2 CoA_binding_3 Cons_hypoth95 CoV_ExoN CoV_Methyltr_2 DAO DapB_N DFP DNA_methylase DOT1 DRE2_N DREV DUF1442 DUF1611_N DUF166 DUF1776 DUF268 DUF2855 DUF3410 DUF364 DUF5129 DUF5130 DUF6094 DUF938 DXP_reductoisom DXPR_C Eco57I ELFV_dehydrog Eno-Rase_FAD_bd Eno-Rase_NADH_b Enoyl_reductase Epimerase F420_oxidored FAD_binding_2 FAD_binding_3 FAD_oxidored Fibrillarin FMO-like FmrO FtsJ fvmX7 G6PD_N GCD14 GDI GDP_Man_Dehyd GFO_IDH_MocA GIDA GidB GLF Glu_dehyd_C Glyco_hydro_4 Glyco_tran_WecG GMC_oxred_N Gp_dh_N GRAS GRDA HcgC HI0933_like HIM1 IlvN ISPD_C KR LCM Ldh_1_N LpxI_N Lycopene_cycl Lys_Orn_oxgnase Malic_M Mannitol_dh MCRA Met_10 Methyltr_RsmB-F Methyltr_RsmF_N Methyltrans_Mon Methyltrans_SAM Methyltransf_10 Methyltransf_11 Methyltransf_12 Methyltransf_14 Methyltransf_15 Methyltransf_16 Methyltransf_17 Methyltransf_18 Methyltransf_19 Methyltransf_2 Methyltransf_20 Methyltransf_21 Methyltransf_22 Methyltransf_23 Methyltransf_24 Methyltransf_25 Methyltransf_28 Methyltransf_29 Methyltransf_3 Methyltransf_30 Methyltransf_31 Methyltransf_32 Methyltransf_33 Methyltransf_34 Methyltransf_4 Methyltransf_5 Methyltransf_7 Methyltransf_8 Methyltransf_9 Methyltransf_PK MethyltransfD12 MetW Mg-por_mtran_C MmeI_Mtase MOLO1 Mqo MT-A70 MTS Mur_ligase N6-adenineMlase N6_Mtase N6_N4_Mtase NAD_binding_10 NAD_binding_2 NAD_binding_3 NAD_binding_4 NAD_binding_5 NAD_binding_7 NAD_binding_8 NAD_binding_9 NAD_Gly3P_dh_N NAS NmrA NNMT_PNMT_TEMT NodS OCD_Mu_crystall OpcA_G6PD_assem Orbi_VP4 PALP PARP_regulatory PCMT PDH_N PglD_N Polysacc_syn_2C Polysacc_synt_2 Pox_MCEL Pox_mRNA-cap Prenylcys_lyase PrmA PRMT5 Pyr_redox Pyr_redox_2 Pyr_redox_3 Reovirus_L2 RmlD_sub_bind Rossmann-like rRNA_methylase RrnaAD Rsm22 RsmJ Sacchrp_dh_NADP SAM_MT SE Semialdhyde_dh Shikimate_DH Spermine_synth SRR1 TehB THF_DHG_CYH_C Thi4 ThiF TPM_phosphatase TPMT TrkA_N TRM TRM13 TrmK tRNA_U5-meth_tr Trp_halogenase TylF Ubie_methyltran UDPG_MGDP_dh_N UPF0020 UPF0146 Urocanase V_cholerae_RfbT XdhC_C YjeF_N
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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|Author:||Finn RD , Bateman A , Studholme DJ|
|Number in seed:||97|
|Number in full:||10244|
|Average length of the domain:||112.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||25 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||40.77 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||23|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the DapB_N domain has been found. There are 120 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.