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14  structures 114  species 0  interactions 2278  sequences 38  architectures

Family: HCV_NS2 (PF01538)

Summary: Hepatitis C virus non-structural protein NS2

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Hepatitis C virus non-structural protein NS2 Provide feedback

The viral genome is translated into a single polyprotein of about 3000 amino acids. Generation of the mature non-structural proteins relies on the activity of viral proteases. Cleavage at the NS2/NS3 junction is accomplished by a metal-dependent autoprotease encoded within NS2 and the N-terminus of NS3 [1,2].

Literature references

  1. Neddermann P, Tomei L, Steinkuhler C, Gallinari P, Tramontano A, De Francesco R; , Biol Chem 1997;378:469-476.: The nonstructural proteins of the hepatitis C virus: structure and functions. PUBMED:9224925 EPMC:9224925

  2. Pieroni L, Santolini E, Fipaldini C, Pacini L, Migliaccio G, La Monica N; , J Virol 1997;71:6373-6380.: In vitro study of the NS2-3 protease of hepatitis C virus. PUBMED:9261354 EPMC:9261354


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR002518

In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:

  • Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
  • Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.

In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.

Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PUBMED:11517925].

The group of proteins, non-structural protein 2 (NS2) of hepatitis C virus, are peptidases belonging to MEROPS peptidase family C18 (hepatitis C virus endopeptidase 2, clan CM).

The viral genome is translated into a single polyprotein of about 3000 amino acids. Generation of the mature non-structural proteins relies on the activity of viral proteases. NS2 is an zinc-dependent autocatalytic endopeptidase which cleaves at the NS2/NS3 junction [PUBMED:9224925, PUBMED:9261354]. The action of NS3 proteinase (NS3P, INTERPRO), which resides in the N-terminal one-third of the NS3 protein, then yields all remaining non-structural proteins.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(29)
Full
(2278)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(2355)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
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PP/heatmap 1 View             
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(29)
Full
(2278)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(2355)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(29)
Full
(2278)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(2355)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download           Download    
Gzipped Download   Download           Download    

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Swiss-Prot
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: Bateman A
Number in seed: 29
Number in full: 2278
Average length of the domain: 183.60 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 72 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 9.16 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 25.0 25.0
Trusted cut-off 25.1 25.0
Noise cut-off 24.8 23.9
Model length: 195
Family (HMM) version: 13
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the HCV_NS2 domain has been found. There are 14 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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