!!

Powering down the Pfam website
On October 5th, we will start redirecting the traffic from Pfam (pfam.xfam.org) to InterPro (www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro). The Pfam website will be available at pfam-legacy.xfam.org until January 2023, when it will be decommissioned. You can read more about the sunset period in our blog post.

Please note: this site relies heavily on the use of javascript. Without a javascript-enabled browser, this site will not function correctly. Please enable javascript and reload the page, or switch to a different browser.
110  structures 1588  species 0  interactions 22021  sequences 374  architectures

Family: Adaptin_N (PF01602)

Summary: Adaptin N terminal region

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Adaptin N terminal region Provide feedback

This family consists of the N terminal region of various alpha, beta and gamma subunits of the AP-1, AP-2 and AP-3 adaptor protein complexes. The adaptor protein (AP) complexes are involved in the formation of clathrin-coated pits and vesicles [1]. The N-terminal region of the various adaptor proteins (APs) is constant by comparison to the C-terminal which is variable within members of the AP-2 [2]; and it has been proposed that this constant region interacts with another uniform component of the coated vesicles [2].

Literature references

  1. Kirchhausen T, Bonifacino JS, Riezman H; , Curr Opin Cell Biol 1997;9:488-495.: Linking cargo to vesicle formation: receptor tail interactions with coat proteins. PUBMED:9261055 EPMC:9261055

  2. RAKirchhausen T, Nathanson KL, Matsui W, Vaisberg A, Chow EP, Burne C, Keen JH, Davis AE; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 1989;86:2612-2616.: Structural and functional division into two domains of the large (100- to 115-kDa)chains of the clathrin-associated protein complex AP-2. PUBMED:2495531 EPMC:2495531


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR002553

Proteins synthesized on the ribosome and processed in the endoplasmic reticulum are transported from the Golgi apparatus to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), and from there via small carrier vesicles to their final destination compartment. This traffic is bidirectional, to ensure that proteins required to form vesicles are recycled. Vesicles have specific coat proteins (such as clathrin or coatomer) that are important for cargo selection and direction of transfer [ PUBMED:15261670 ].

Clathrin coats contain both clathrin and adaptor complexes that link clathrin to receptors in coated vesicles. Clathrin-associated protein complexes are believed to interact with the cytoplasmic tails of membrane proteins, leading to their selection and concentration. The two major types of clathrin adaptor complexes are the heterotetrameric adaptor protein (AP) complexes, and the monomeric GGA (Golgi-localising, Gamma-adaptin ear domain homology, ARF-binding proteins) adaptors [ PUBMED:17449236 ]. All AP complexes are heterotetramers composed of two large subunits (adaptins), a medium subunit (mu) and a small subunit (sigma). Each subunit has a specific function. Adaptin subunits recognise and bind to clathrin through their hinge region (clathrin box), and recruit accessory proteins that modulate AP function through their C-terminal appendage domains. By contrast, GGAs are monomers composed of four domains, which have functions similar to AP subunits: an N-terminal VHS (Vps27p/Hrs/Stam) domain, a GAT (GGA and Tom1) domain, a hinge region, and a C-terminal GAE (gamma-adaptin ear) domain. The GAE domain is similar to the AP gamma-adaptin ear domain, being responsible for the recruitment of accessory proteins that regulate clathrin-mediated endocytosis [ PUBMED:12858162 ].

While clathrin mediates endocytic protein transport from ER to Golgi, coatomers (COPI, COPII) primarily mediate intra-Golgi transport, as well as the reverse Golgi to ER transport of dilysine-tagged proteins [ PUBMED:14690497 ]. Coatomers reversibly associate with Golgi (non-clathrin-coated) vesicles to mediate protein transport and for budding from Golgi membranes [ PUBMED:17041781 ]. Coatomer complexes are hetero-oligomers composed of at least an alpha, beta, beta', gamma, delta, epsilon and zeta subunits.

This entry represents the N-terminal domain of various adaptins from different AP clathrin adaptor complexes (including AP1, AP2, AP3 and AP4), and from the beta and gamma subunits of various coatomer (COP) adaptors. This domain has a 2-layer alpha/alpha fold that forms a right-handed superhelix, and is a member of the ARM repeat superfamily [ PUBMED:12086608 ]. The N-terminal region of the various AP adaptor proteins share strong sequence identity; by contrast, the C-terminal domains of different adaptins share similar structural folds, but have little sequence identity [ PUBMED:2495531 ]. It has been proposed that the N-terminal domain interacts with another uniform component of the coated vesicles.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

Loading domain graphics...

Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan TPR (CL0020), which has the following description:

Tetratricopeptide-like repeats are found in a numerous and diverse proteins involved in such functions as cell cycle regulation, transcriptional control, mitochondrial and peroxisomal protein transport, neurogenesis and protein folding.

The clan contains the following 252 members:

14-3-3 AAR2 Aconitase_B_N Adaptin_N Alkyl_sulf_dimr ANAPC3 ANAPC5 ANAPC8 Apc1_MidN APC_rep API5 Aquarius_N Arm Arm_2 Arm_3 Arm_vescicular Atx10homo_assoc B56 BAF250_C BRO1 BTAD CAS_CSE1 ChAPs CHIP_TPR_N CID CLASP_N Clathrin Clathrin-link Clathrin_H_link Clathrin_propel Cnd1 Cnd1_N Cnd3 CNOT1_CAF1_bind CNOT1_HEAT_N CNOT1_TTP_bind Coatomer_E Cohesin_HEAT Cohesin_load ComR_TPR COPI_C CPL CRM1_C CRM1_repeat CRM1_repeat_3 Cse1 CTK3 CTNNBL Cullin DHR-2_Lobe_A DHR-2_Lobe_C DIL DNA-PKcs_N DNA_alkylation DNAPKcs_CC1-2 DNAPKcs_CC3 DNAPKcs_CC5 Dopey_N Drf_FH3 Drf_GBD DUF1822 DUF2019 DUF2225 DUF3385 DUF3458_C DUF3730 DUF3856 DUF4042 DUF4704 DUF5071 DUF5106 DUF5588 DUF5691 DUF6340 DUF6377 DUF6584 DUF924 E_motif EAD11 eIF-3c_N ELMO_ARM EST1 EST1_DNA_bind FA_FANCE FANCF FANCI_HD1 FANCI_HD2 FANCI_S1 FANCI_S1-cap FANCI_S2 FANCI_S3 FANCI_S4 FAT Fes1 Fis1_TPR_C Fis1_TPR_N Focadhesin Foie-gras_1 GET4 GLE1 GUN4_N HAT HEAT HEAT_2 HEAT_EZ HEAT_PBS HEAT_UF HemY_N HMW1C_N HPS6_C HrpB1_HrpK HSM3_C HSM3_N Hyccin IBB IBN_N IFRD Iml2-TPR_39 Importin_rep Importin_rep_2 Importin_rep_3 Importin_rep_4 Importin_rep_5 Importin_rep_6 Insc_C Ints3_N KAP Kinetochor_Ybp2 Laa1_Sip1_HTR5 Leuk-A4-hydro_C LRV LRV_FeS MA3 Mad3_BUB1_I MAP3K_TRAF_bd MIF4G MIF4G_like MIF4G_like_2 MIX MMS19_C Mo25 MRP-S27 Mtf2 MUN NatA_aux_su Neurobeachin Neurochondrin Nic96 Nipped-B_C Not1 Nro1 NSF Paf67 ParcG PAT1 PC_rep PDS5 Peptidase_M9_N PHAT PI3Ka PknG_TPR PPP5 PPR PPR_1 PPR_2 PPR_3 PPR_long PPTA Proteasom_PSMB PUF PUL RAI16-like Rapsyn_N Rcd1 RIH_assoc RINT1_TIP1 RIX1 RNPP_C RPM2 RPN6_N RPN7 RYDR_ITPR Sel1 SHNi-TPR SIL1 SLT_L SNAP SPO22 SRP_TPR_like ST7 STAG Suf SusD-like SusD-like_2 SusD-like_3 SusD_RagB SYCP2_ARLD SYMPK_PTA1_N TAF1_subA TAF6_C TAL_effector TAP42 TAtT Tcf25 TIP120 TOM20_plant TPR-S TPR_1 TPR_10 TPR_11 TPR_12 TPR_14 TPR_15 TPR_16 TPR_17 TPR_18 TPR_19 TPR_2 TPR_20 TPR_21 TPR_22 TPR_3 TPR_4 TPR_5 TPR_6 TPR_7 TPR_8 TPR_9 TPR_MalT Tra1_ring TRF TTC7_N Type_III_YscG UNC45-central Upf2 Uso1_p115_head V-ATPase_H_C V-ATPase_H_N Vac14_Fab1_bd Vitellogenin_N Vps16_C Vps35 Vps39_1 VPS53_C W2 Wap1 WSLR Wzy_C_2 Xpo1 YcaO_C YfiO Zmiz1_N

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(30)
Full
(22021)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(36049)
RP15
(3990)
RP35
(9229)
RP55
(16839)
RP75
(22698)
Jalview View  View  View  View  View  View  View 
HTML View             
PP/heatmap 1            

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(30)
Full
(22021)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(36049)
RP15
(3990)
RP35
(9229)
RP55
(16839)
RP75
(22698)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(30)
Full
(22021)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(36049)
RP15
(3990)
RP35
(9229)
RP55
(16839)
RP75
(22698)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_491 (release 4.0)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Repeat
Sequence Ontology: SO:0001068
Author: Bashton M , Bateman A
Number in seed: 30
Number in full: 22021
Average length of the domain: 475.4 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 21 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 58.16 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 37.0 37.0
Trusted cut-off 37.0 37.0
Noise cut-off 36.9 36.9
Model length: 524
Family (HMM) version: 23
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

Sunburst controls

Hide

Weight segments by...


Change the size of the sunburst

Small
Large

Colour assignments

Archea Archea Eukaryota Eukaryota
Bacteria Bacteria Other sequences Other sequences
Viruses Viruses Unclassified Unclassified
Viroids Viroids Unclassified sequence Unclassified sequence

Selections

Generate a FASTA-format file

Clear selection

This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

Loading sunburst data...

Tree controls

Hide

The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...

Loading...

Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Adaptin_N domain has been found. There are 110 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.

Loading structure mapping...

AlphaFold Structure Predictions

The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.

Protein Predicted structure External Information
A0A044QN85 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A044QPD3 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A044QS31 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A044R9J2 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A044TTX4 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A044UTM4 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077Z028 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077Z5F5 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077Z614 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077ZCF2 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077ZDU6 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077ZF94 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077ZGK3 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077ZH98 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A077ZL85 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0A2VLS2 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2DTH1 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2EL32 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2GEE2 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2GVJ9 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2GVW0 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2GYS3 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2H785 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0D2HNN3 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0G2JWD6 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0G2KCY3 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0G2L8C2 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0H5S0G8 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0I9NB91 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0K0DVM8 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0K0E7Z4 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0K0ED89 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0K0EDA3 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0K0EDE8 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0N4U5Q2 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0N4U7C6 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0N4UBQ8 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0N4UPM8 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0P0V375 View 3D Structure Click here
A0A0P0VC43 View 3D Structure Click here