Summary: Chitin synthase
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Chitin synthase Edit Wikipedia article
|PDB structures||RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum|
|Gene Ontology||AmiGO / EGO|
- UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + [1,4-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl)]n UDP + [1,4-(N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyl)]n+1
This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine:chitin 4-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyl-transferase. Other names in common use include chitin-UDP N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, chitin-uridine diphosphate acetylglucosaminyltransferase, chitin synthetase, and trans-N-acetylglucosaminosylase. This enzyme participates in aminosugars metabolism.
Chitin Synthase is manufactured in the rough endoplasmic reticulum of fungi as the inactive form, zymogen. The zymogen is then packaged into chitosomes in the golgi apparatus. Chitosomes bring the zymogen to the hyphal tip of a mold or yeast cell membrane. Chitin synthase is placed into the interior side of the cell membrane and then activated.
- GLASER L, BROWN DH (1957). "The synthesis of chitin in cell-free extracts of Neurospora crassa". J. Biol. Chem. 228 (2): 729–42. PMID 13475355.
- Sburlati A, Cabib E (1986). "Chitin synthetase 2, a presumptive participant in septum formation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae". J. Biol. Chem. 261 (32): 15147–52. PMID 2945823.
|This enzyme-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
Chitin synthase Provide feedback
This region is found commonly in chitin synthases classes I, II and III. Chitin a linear homopolymer of GlcNAc residues, it is an important component of the cell wall of fungi and is synthesised on the cytoplasmic surface of the cell membrane by membrane bound chitin synthases .
Nino-Vega GA, Buurman ET, Gooday GW, San-Blas G, Gow NA; , Yeast 1998;14:181-187.: Molecular cloning and sequencing of a chitin synthase gene (CHS2) of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. PUBMED:9483806 EPMC:9483806
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR004834This region is found commonly in chitin synthases classes I, II and III EC. Chitin a linear homopolymer of GlcNAc residues, it is an important component of the cell wall of fungi and is synthesised on the cytoplasmic surface of the cell membrane by membrane bound chitin synthases [PUBMED:7773595].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||chitin synthase activity (GO:0004100)|
|Biological process||chitin biosynthetic process (GO:0006031)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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This is the GT-A clan that contains diverse glycosyltransferases that possess a Rossmann like fold .
The clan contains the following 44 members:Anp1 Caps_synth Cellulose_synt CgtA CHGN Chitin_synth_1 Chitin_synth_2 CofC CTP_transf_3 DUF2064 DUF273 DUF604 Fringe Galactosyl_T GlcNAc Gly_transf_sug Glyco_tranf_2_2 Glyco_tranf_2_3 Glyco_tranf_2_4 Glyco_tranf_2_5 Glyco_trans_2_3 Glyco_transf_21 Glyco_transf_25 Glyco_transf_34 Glyco_transf_43 Glyco_transf_49 Glyco_transf_6 Glyco_transf_64 Glyco_transf_7C Glyco_transf_7N Glyco_transf_8 Glyco_transf_92 Glycos_transf_2 GNT-I IspD Mannosyl_trans3 MGAT2 NTP_transf_3 NTP_transferase Nucleotid_trans Pox_P35 Rhamno_transf TcdA_TcdB UDPGP
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_892 (release 4.1)|
|Author:||Bashton M, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||14|
|Number in full:||884|
|Average length of the domain:||143.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||53 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||23.85 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||12|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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