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0  structures 2  species 0  interactions 10  sequences 2  architectures

Family: NSF (PF02071)

Summary: Aromatic-di-Alanine (AdAR) repeat

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This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Aromatic-di-Alanine (AdAR) repeat Provide feedback

This repeat is found in NSF attachment proteins. Its structure is similar to that found in TPR repeats PF00515.

Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR000744

Regulated exocytosis of neurotransmitters and hormones, as well as intracellular traffic, requires fusion of two lipid bilayers. SNARE proteins are thought to form a protein bridge, the SNARE complex, between an incoming vesicle and the acceptor compartment. SNARE proteins contribute to the specificity of membrane fusion, implying that the mechanisms by which SNAREs are targeted to subcellular compartments are important for specific docking and fusion of vesicles. This mechanism involves a family of conserved proteins, members of which appear to function at all sites of constitutive and regulated secretion in eukaryotes [PUBMED:7846761]. Among them are 2 types of cytosolic protein, NSF (N-ethyl-maleimide-sensitive protein) and the SNAPs (alpha-, beta- and gamma-soluble NSF attachment proteins). The yeast vesicular fusion protein, sec17, a cytoplasmic peripheral membrane protein involved in vesicular transport between the endoplasmic reticulum and the golgi apparatus, shows a high degree of sequence similarity to the alpha-SNAP family.

SNAP-25 and its non-neuronal homologue Syndet/SNAP-23 are synthesized as soluble proteins in the cytosol. Both SNAP-25 and Syndet/SNAP-23 are palmitoylated at cysteine residues clustered in a loop between two N- and C-terminal coils and palmitoylation is essential for membrane binding and plasma membrane targeting. The C-terminal and the N-terminal helices of SNAP-25, are each targeted to the plasma membrane by two distinct cysteine-rich domains and appear to regulate the availability of SNAP to form complexes with SNARE [PUBMED:12140265].

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(51)
Full
(10)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(284)
Meta
(6)
RP15
(5)
RP35
(5)
RP55
(5)
RP75
(5)
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PP/heatmap 1 View  View  View  View  View     
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(51)
Full
(10)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(284)
Meta
(6)
RP15
(5)
RP35
(5)
RP55
(5)
RP75
(5)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(51)
Full
(10)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(284)
Meta
(6)
RP15
(5)
RP35
(5)
RP55
(5)
RP75
(5)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: IPR000744
Previous IDs: none
Type: Repeat
Author: Casavant T, Bruckert F, Bateman A, Mian N
Number in seed: 51
Number in full: 10
Average length of the domain: 13.00 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 28 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 22.38 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 27.0 1.0
Trusted cut-off 27.1 3.1
Noise cut-off 26.9 -1000000.0
Model length: 12
Family (HMM) version: 15
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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