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6  structures 258  species 1  interaction 297  sequences 4  architectures

Family: SRP14 (PF02290)

Summary: Signal recognition particle 14kD protein

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Signal recognition particle 14kD protein Provide feedback

The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a multimeric protein involved in targeting secretory proteins to the rough endoplasmic reticulum membrane. SRP14 and SRP9 form a complex essential for SRP RNA binding.

Literature references

  1. Birse DE, Kapp U, Strub K, Cusack S, Aberg A; , EMBO J 1997;16:3757-3766.: The crystal structure of the signal recognition particle Alu RNA binding heterodimer, SRP9/14. PUBMED:9233785 EPMC:9233785


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR003210

The signal recognition particle (SRP) is a multimeric protein, which along with its conjugate receptor (SR), is involved in targeting secretory proteins to the rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) membrane in eukaryotes, or to the plasma membrane in prokaryotes [PUBMED:17622352, PUBMED:16469117]. SRP recognises the signal sequence of the nascent polypeptide on the ribosome, retards its elongation, and docks the SRP-ribosome-polypeptide complex to the RER membrane via the SR receptor. Eukaryotic SRP consists of six polypeptides (SRP9, SRP14, SRP19, SRP54, SRP68 and SRP72) and a single 300 nucleotide 7S RNA molecule. The RNA component catalyses the interaction of SRP with its SR receptor [PUBMED:17507650]. In higher eukaryotes, the SRP complex consists of the Alu domain and the S domain linked by the SRP RNA. The Alu domain consists of a heterodimer of SRP9 and SRP14 bound to the 5' and 3' terminal sequences of SRP RNA. This domain is necessary for retarding the elongation of the nascent polypeptide chain, which gives SRP time to dock the ribosome-polypeptide complex to the RER membrane. In archaea, the SRP complex contains 7S RNA like its eukaryotic counterpart, yet only includes two of the six protein subunits found in the eukarytic complex: SRP19 and SRP54 [PUBMED:12364595].

This entry represents the 14 kDa SRP14 component. Both SRP9 and SRP14 have the same (beta)-alpha-beta(3)-alpha fold. The heterodimer has pseudo two-fold symmetry and is saddle-like, consisting of a curved six-stranded beta-sheet that has four helices packed on the convex side and an exposed concave surface lined with positively charged residues. The SRP9/SRP14 heterodimer is essential for SRP RNA binding, mediating the pausing of synthesis of ribosome associated nascent polypeptides that have been engaged by the targeting domain of SRP [PUBMED:7730321].

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(22)
Full
(297)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(281)
Meta
(2)
RP15
(61)
RP35
(103)
RP55
(162)
RP75
(206)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(22)
Full
(297)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(281)
Meta
(2)
RP15
(61)
RP35
(103)
RP55
(162)
RP75
(206)
Alignment:
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Sequence:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(22)
Full
(297)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(281)
Meta
(2)
RP15
(61)
RP35
(103)
RP55
(162)
RP75
(206)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_7955 (release 5.2)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: Mian N, Bateman A
Number in seed: 22
Number in full: 297
Average length of the domain: 95.60 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 33 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 71.62 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 21.2 21.2
Trusted cut-off 21.9 21.9
Noise cut-off 20.7 18.2
Model length: 93
Family (HMM) version: 10
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Interactions

There is 1 interaction for this family. More...

SRP9-21

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the SRP14 domain has been found. There are 6 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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