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11  structures 2386  species 1  interaction 2847  sequences 19  architectures

Family: DisA_N (PF02457)

Summary: DisA bacterial checkpoint controller nucleotide-binding

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DisA bacterial checkpoint controller nucleotide-binding Provide feedback

The DisA protein is a bacterial checkpoint protein that dimerises into an octameric complex. The protein consists of three distinct domains. This domain is the first and is a globular, nucleotide-binding region; the next 146-289 residues constitute the DisA-linker family, PF10635 that consists of an elongated bundle of three alpha helices (alpha-6, alpha-10, and alpha-11), one side of which carries an additional three helices (alpha7-9), which thus forms a spine like-linker between domains 1 and 3. The C-terminal residues, of domain 3, are represented by family HHH, PF00633 the specific DNA-binding domain. The octameric complex thus has structurally linked nucleotide-binding and DNA-binding HhH domains and the nucleotide-binding domains are bound to a cyclic di-adenosine phosphate such that DisA is a specific di-adenylate cyclase. The di-adenylate cyclase activity is strongly suppressed by binding to branched DNA, but not to duplex or single-stranded DNA, suggesting a role for DisA as a monitor of the presence of stalled replication forks or recombination intermediates via DNA structure-modulated c-di-AMP synthesis [1].

Literature references

  1. Witte G, Hartung S, Buttner K, Hopfner KP; , Mol Cell. 2008;30:167-178.: Structural biochemistry of a bacterial checkpoint protein reveals diadenylate cyclase activity regulated by DNA recombination intermediates. PUBMED:18439896 EPMC:18439896


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR003390

The DisA protein is a bacterial checkpoint protein that dimerises into an octameric complex. The protein consists of three distinct domains. This domain is the first and is a globular, nucleotide-binding region; the next 146-289 residues constitute the DisA-linker family, INTERPRO that consists of an elongated bundle of three alpha helices (alpha-6, alpha-10, and alpha-11), one side of which carries an additional three helices (alpha7-9), which thus forms a spine like-linker between domains 1 and 3. The C-terminal residues, of domain 3, are represented by family HHH, INTERPRO the specific DNA-binding domain. The octameric complex thus has structurally linked nucleotide-binding and DNA-binding HhH domains and the nucleotide-binding domains are bound to a cyclic di-adenosine phosphate such that DisA is a specific di-adenylate cyclase. The di-adenylate cyclase activity is strongly suppressed by binding to branched DNA, but not to duplex or single-stranded DNA, suggesting a role for DisA as a monitor of the presence of stalled replication forks or recombination intermediates via DNA structure-modulated c-di-AMP synthesis.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(190)
Full
(2847)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1835)
Meta
(550)
RP15
(281)
RP35
(502)
RP55
(603)
RP75
(670)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(190)
Full
(2847)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1835)
Meta
(550)
RP15
(281)
RP35
(502)
RP55
(603)
RP75
(670)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(190)
Full
(2847)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(1835)
Meta
(550)
RP15
(281)
RP35
(502)
RP55
(603)
RP75
(670)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_1846 (release 5.4)
Previous IDs: DUF147;
Type: Family
Author: Bateman A, Coggill P
Number in seed: 190
Number in full: 2847
Average length of the domain: 121.00 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 38 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 40.57 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 20.6 20.6
Trusted cut-off 20.8 20.7
Noise cut-off 20.5 20.3
Model length: 122
Family (HMM) version: 11
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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Interactions

There is 1 interaction for this family. More...

YojJ

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the DisA_N domain has been found. There are 11 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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