Summary: Anaerobic c4-dicarboxylate membrane transporter
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This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Anaerobic C4-dicarboxylate membrane transporter protein". More...
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Anaerobic C4-dicarboxylate membrane transporter protein Edit Wikipedia article
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Anaerobic c4-dicarboxylate membrane transporter Provide feedback
No Pfam abstract.
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||ArsB CitMHS DcuC MatC_N Na_sulph_symp|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||DcuC|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR004668
These proteins are members of the C4-Dicarboxylate Uptake (Dcu) family. Most proteins in this family are predicted to have 12 GES predicted transmembrane regions; however the one member whose membrane topology has been experimentally determined has 10 transmembrane regions, with both the N- and C-termini localized to the periplasm [ PUBMED:9733683 ]. The DcuA and DcuB proteins are involved in the transport of aspartate, malate, fumarate and succinate in many species [ PUBMED:8131924 , PUBMED:14654290 , PUBMED:11004174 ], and are thought to function as antiporters with any two of these substrates. Since DcuA is encoded in an operon with the gene for aspartase, and DcuB is encoded in an operon with the gene for fumarase, their physiological functions may be to catalyze aspartate:fumarate and fumarate:malate exchange during the anaerobic utilization of aspartate and fumarate, respectively [ PUBMED:7961398 ]. The Escherichia coli DcuA and DcuB proteins have very different expression patterns [ PUBMED:9852003 ]. DcuA is constitutively expressed; DcuB is strongly induced anaerobically by FNR and C4-dicarboxylates, while it is repressed by nitrate and subject to CRP-mediated catabolite repression.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||integral component of membrane (GO:0016021)|
|Molecular function||C4-dicarboxylate transmembrane transporter activity (GO:0015556)|
|Biological process||C4-dicarboxylate transport (GO:0015740)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
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This superfamily of secondary carriers specific for cationic and anionic compounds, has been termed the ion transporter (IT) superfamily .
The clan contains the following 22 members:ABG_transport ArsB ArsP_1 ArsP_2 CitMHS CitMHS_2 DctM DcuA_DcuB DcuC DUF1646 DUF401 EutH EXS GntP_permease Lactate_perm MatC_N Na_H_antiport_2 Na_H_antiport_3 Na_H_antiporter Na_sulph_symp NhaB SCFA_trans
We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.
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Curation and family details
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|Author:||TIGRFAMs, Griffiths-Jones SR|
|Number in seed:||86|
|Number in full:||1227|
|Average length of the domain:||335.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||39 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||82.96 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||17|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the More....
This chart is a modified "sunburst" visualisation of the species tree for this family. It shows each node in the tree as a separate arc, arranged radially with the superkingdoms at the centre and the species arrayed around the outermost ring.
How the sunburst is generated
The tree is built by considering the taxonomic lineage of each sequence that has a match to this family. For each node in the resulting tree, we draw an arc in the sunburst. The radius of the arc, its distance from the root node at the centre of the sunburst, shows the taxonomic level ("superkingdom", "kingdom", etc). The length of the arc represents either the number of sequences represented at a given level, or the number of species that are found beneath the node in the tree. The weighting scheme can be changed using the sunburst controls.
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There are some situations that the sunburst tree cannot easily handle and for which we have work-arounds in place.
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Some species in the taxonomic tree may not have one or more of the main eight levels that we display. For example, Bos taurus is not assigned an order in the NCBI taxonomic tree. In such cases we mark the omitted level with, for example, "No order", in both the tooltip and the lineage summary.
Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
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Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
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We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.
|Protein||Predicted structure||External Information|
|P0ABN5||View 3D Structure||Click here|
|P0ABN9||View 3D Structure||Click here|
The structural model below was generated by the Baker group with the trRosetta software using the Pfam UniProt multiple sequence alignment.
The InterPro website shows the contact map for the Pfam SEED alignment. Hovering or clicking on a contact position will highlight its connection to other residues in the alignment, as well as on the 3D structure.
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