Summary: RNA polymerase Rpb5, N-terminal domain
RNA polymerase Rpb5, N-terminal domain Provide feedback
Rpb5 has a bipartite structure which includes a eukaryote-specific N-terminal domain and a C-terminal domain resembling the archaeal RNAP subunit H [1,2]. The N-terminal domain is involved in DNA binding and is part of the jaw module in the RNA pol II structure . This module is important for positioning the downstream DNA.
Todone F, Weinzierl RO, Brick P, Onesti S; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000;97:6306-6310.: Crystal structure of RPB5, a universal eukaryotic RNA polymerase subunit and transcription factor interaction target. PUBMED:10841537 EPMC:10841537
Yee A, Booth V, Dharamsi A, Engel A, Edwards AM, Arrowsmith CH; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000;97:6311-6315.: Solution structure of the RNA polymerase subunit RPB5 from Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum. PUBMED:10841538 EPMC:10841538
Cramer P, Bushnell DA, Fu J, Gnatt AL, Maier-Davis B, Thompson NE, Burgess RR, Edwards AM, David PR, Kornberg RD; , Science 2000;288:640-649.: Architecture of RNA polymerase II and implications for the transcription mechanism. PUBMED:10784442 EPMC:10784442
Steczkiewicz K, Muszewska A, Knizewski L, Rychlewski L, Ginalski K;, Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:7016-7045.: Sequence, structure and functional diversity of PD-(D/E)XK phosphodiesterase superfamily. PUBMED:22638584 EPMC:22638584
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR005571
Prokaryotes contain a single DNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RNAP; EC) that is responsible for the transcription of all genes, while eukaryotes have three classes of RNAPs (I-III) that transcribe different sets of genes. Each class of RNA polymerase is an assemblage of ten to twelve different polypeptides. Certain subunits of RNAPs, including RPB5 (POLR2E in mammals), are common to all three eukaryotic polymerases. RPB5 plays a role in the transcription activation process. Eukaryotic RPB5 has a bipartite structure consisting of a unique N-terminal region, plus a C-terminal region that is structurally homologous to the prokaryotic RPB5 homologue, subunit H (gene rpoH) (INTERPRO) [PUBMED:10841538, PUBMED:10191143, PUBMED:1729711, PUBMED:10841537].
This entry represents the N-terminal domain of eukaryotic RPB5, which has a core structure consisting of 3 layers alpha/beta/alpha [PUBMED:10841537]. The N-terminal domain is involved in DNA binding and is part of the jaw module in the RNA pol II structure [PUBMED:10784442]. This module is important for positioning the downstream DNA.
|Cellular component||nucleus (GO:0005634)|
|Molecular function||DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity (GO:0003899)|
|DNA binding (GO:0003677)|
|Biological process||transcription, DNA-templated (GO:0006351)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
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This clan includes a large number of nuclease families related to holliday junction resolvases [1,2].
The clan contains the following 123 members:BamHI BpuJI_N BpuSI_N Bse634I BsuBI_PstI_RE Cas_APE2256 Cas_Cas02710 Cas_Cas4 Cas_Csm6 Cas_NE0113 CoiA Dna2 DpnI DpnII DUF1016 DUF1052 DUF1780 DUF1887 DUF2034 DUF2161 DUF234 DUF2357 DUF2726 DUF2800 DUF2887 DUF3799 DUF3883 DUF4143 DUF4263 DUF4420 DUF559 DUF91 DUF911 EcoRI EcoRII-C eIF-3_zeta Endonuc-BglII Endonuc-BsobI Endonuc-EcoRV Endonuc-FokI_C Endonuc-HincII Endonuc-MspI Endonuc-PvuII Endonuc_BglI Endonuc_Holl ERCC4 Exo5 Flu_PA Herpes_alk_exo Herpes_UL24 Hjc HSDR_N HSDR_N_2 L_protein_N McrBC Mrr_cat Mrr_cat_2 MutH MvaI_BcnI NaeI NERD NgoMIV_restric NotI PDDEXK_1 PDDEXK_10 PDDEXK_2 PDDEXK_3 PDDEXK_4 PDDEXK_5 PDDEXK_7 PDDEXK_9 Pet127 Phage_endo_I R-HINP1I Rad10 RAI1 RAP RE_AlwI RE_ApaLI RE_Bpu10I RE_Bsp6I RE_CfrBI RE_Eco47II RE_EcoO109I RE_HaeII RE_HindIII RE_HindVP RE_HpaII RE_LlaJI RE_LlaMI RE_MjaI RE_NgoBV RE_NgoPII RE_SacI RE_ScaI RE_SinI RE_TaqI RE_TdeIII RE_XamI RE_XcyI RecU RestrictionMunI RestrictionSfiI RmuC RNA_pol_Rpb5_N Sen15 SfsA Spo0A_C TBPIP_N ThaI Tn7_Tnp_TnsA_N Transposase_31 tRNA_int_endo Tsp45I Uma2 UPF0102 VirArc_Nuclease VRR_NUC Vsr XhoI XisH YaeQ YqaJ
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the UniProtKB sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||147|
|Number in full:||539|
|Average length of the domain:||90.60 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||34 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||41.40 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 11927849 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||11|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There are 5 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the RNA_pol_Rpb5_N domain has been found. There are 115 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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