Please note: this site relies heavily on the use of javascript. Without a javascript-enabled browser, this site will not function correctly. Please enable javascript and reload the page, or switch to a different browser.
19  structures 208  species 3  interactions 382  sequences 4  architectures

Family: Hema_esterase (PF03996)

Summary: Hemagglutinin esterase

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Hemagglutinin esterase Provide feedback

No Pfam abstract.

Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR007142

Haemagglutinin-esterase fusion glycoprotein (HEF) is a multi-functional protein embedded in the viral envelope of several viruses, including influenza C virus, coronaviruses and toroviruses [PUBMED:16575523, PUBMED:9817207]. HEF is required for infectivity, and functions to recognise the host cell surface receptor, to fuse the viral and host cell membranes, and to destroy the receptor upon host cell infection. The haemagglutinin region of HEF is responsible for receptor recognition and membrane fusion, and bears a strong resemblance to the sialic acid-binding haemagglutinin found in influenza A and B viruses, except that it binds 9-O-acetylsialic acid. The esterase region of HEF is responsible for the destruction of the receptor, an action that is carried out by neuraminidase in influenza A and B viruses. The esterase domain is similar in structure to Streptomyces scabies esterase, and to acetylhydrolase, thioesterase I and rhamnogalacturonan acetylesterase.

The haemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein HEF must be cleaved by the host's trypsin-like proteases to produce two peptides (HEF1 and HEF2) in order for the virus to be infectious. Once HEF is cleaved, the newly exposed N-terminal of the HEF2 peptide then acts to fuse the viral envelope to the cellular membrane of the host cell, which allows the virus to infect the host cell.

The haemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein is a trimer, where each monomer is composed of three domains: an elongated stem active in membrane fusion, an esterase domain, and a receptor-binding domain, where the stem and receptor-binding domains together resemble influenza A virus haemagglutinin. Two of these domains are composed of non-contiguous sequence: the receptor-binding haemagglutinin domain is inserted into a surface loop of the esterase domain, and the esterase domain is inserted into a surface loop of the haemagglutinin stem.

This entry represents the core of the haemagglutinin-esterase glycoprotein, including the haemagglutinin receptor-binding domain and the esterase domain.

More information about haemagglutinin proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Bird Flu, Haemagglutinin [PUBMED:].

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

Loading domain graphics...

Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan SGNH_hydrolase (CL0264), which has the following description:

This superfamily contains a diversity of hydrolytic enzyme activities.

The clan contains the following 8 members:

DUF303 DUF459 GSCFA Hema_esterase Lipase_GDSL Lipase_GDSL_2 Lipase_GDSL_3 PC-Esterase

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(6)
Full
(382)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(295)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Jalview View  View          View   
HTML View  View             
PP/heatmap 1 View             
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(6)
Full
(382)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(295)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(6)
Full
(382)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(295)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(0)
RP35
(0)
RP55
(0)
RP75
(0)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download           Download    
Gzipped Download   Download           Download    

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_505 (release 5.5)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Finn RD, Marshall M
Number in seed: 6
Number in full: 382
Average length of the domain: 323.80 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 45 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 74.88 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null --hand HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 25.0 25.0
Trusted cut-off 50.6 50.6
Noise cut-off 20.7 19.6
Model length: 259
Family (HMM) version: 10
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

Sunburst controls

Show

This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

Loading sunburst data...

Tree controls

Hide

The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...

Loading...

Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.

Interactions

There are 3 interactions for this family. More...

Hema_esterase Hema_stalk Hema_HEFG

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Hema_esterase domain has been found. There are 19 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

Loading structure mapping...