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2  structures 408  species 1  interaction 448  sequences 26  architectures

Family: Rad50_zn_hook (PF04423)

Summary: Rad50 zinc hook motif

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This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Rad50 zinc hook motif Provide feedback

The Mre11 complex (Mre11 Rad50 Nbs1) is central to chromosomal maintenance and functions in homologous recombination, telomere maintenance and sister chromatid association. The Rad50 coiled-coil region contains a dimer interface at the apex of the coiled coils in which pairs of conserved Cys-X-X-Cys motifs form interlocking hooks that bind one Zn ion. This alignment includes the zinc hook motif and a short stretch of coiled-coil on either side.

Literature references

  1. Hopfner KP, Craig L, Moncalian G, Zinkel RA, Usui T, Owen BA, Karcher A, Henderson B, Bodmer JL, McMurray CT, Carney JP, Petrini JH, Tainer JA; , Nature 2002;418:562-566.: The Rad50 zinc-hook is a structure joining Mre11 complexes in DNA recombination and repair. PUBMED:12152085 EPMC:12152085

  2. Connelly JC, Leach DR; , Trends Biochem Sci 2002;27:410-418.: Tethering on the brink: the evolutionarily conserved Mre11-Rad50 complex. PUBMED:12151226 EPMC:12151226


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR013134

The MRN complex (Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1) plays an important role in many DNA metabolic events that involve DNA double-stranded breaks. MRN is one of the first factors to be localised to DNA lesions where it might have a structural role by tethering and stabilising broken chromosomes [PUBMED:12949583, PUBMED:11741547].

Rad50 is a split ABC-type ATPase; its centre contains a long heptad repeat that folds into an antiparallel coiled coil, bringing the N-terminal (Walker A) and the C-terminal (Walker B) domains in close proximity [PUBMED:12152085]. The apex of the coiled coil contains a dimerization interface, a conserved Cys-X-X-Cys motif in a hook-shaped domain that dimerizes with a second hook domain via cysteine-mediated zinc ion coordination. This zinc dependent dimerization event allows the formation of a complex that has appropriate lengths and conformational proporties to link sister chromatids in homologous recombination and DNA ends in non-homologous end-joining.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the UniProtKB sequence database, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(56)
Full
(448)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(881)
NCBI
(1217)
Meta
(24)
RP15
(107)
RP35
(240)
RP55
(384)
RP75
(505)
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PP/heatmap 1 View               

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(56)
Full
(448)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(881)
NCBI
(1217)
Meta
(24)
RP15
(107)
RP35
(240)
RP55
(384)
RP75
(505)
Alignment:
Format:
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Sequence:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(56)
Full
(448)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(881)
NCBI
(1217)
Meta
(24)
RP15
(107)
RP35
(240)
RP55
(384)
RP75
(505)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Bateman A
Previous IDs: none
Type: Motif
Author: Bateman A
Number in seed: 56
Number in full: 448
Average length of the domain: 50.60 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 24 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 4.55 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 26740544 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 22.2 22.2
Trusted cut-off 22.2 22.2
Noise cut-off 22.1 22.1
Model length: 52
Family (HMM) version: 13
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Selections

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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Interactions

There is 1 interaction for this family. More...

Rad50_zn_hook

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Rad50_zn_hook domain has been found. There are 2 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.

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