Summary: Glutamate synthase central domain
Glutamate synthase central domain Provide feedback
The central domain of glutamate synthase connects the amino terminal amidotransferase domain with the FMN-binding domain and has an alpha / beta overall topology . This domain appears to be a rudimentary form of the FMN-binding TIM barrel according to SCOP.
van den Heuvel RH, Ferrari D, Bossi RT, Ravasio S, Curti B, Vanoni MA, Florencio FJ, Mattevi A; , J Biol Chem 2002;277:24579-24583.: Structural studies on the synchronization of catalytic centers in glutamate synthase. PUBMED:11967268 EPMC:11967268
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR006982
Glutamate synthase (GltS)1 is a key enzyme in the early stages of the assimilation of ammonia in bacteria, yeasts, and plants. In bacteria, L-glutamate is involved in osmoregulation, is the precursor for other amino acids, and can be the precursor for haem biosynthesis. In plants, GltS is especially essential in the reassimilation of ammonia released by photorespiration. On the basis of the amino acid sequence and the nature of the electron donor, three different classes of GltS can de defined as follows: 1) ferredoxin-dependent GltS (Fd-GltS), 2) NADPH-dependent GltS (NADPH-GltS), and 3) NADH-dependent GltS (properties of the three classes have been reviewed extensively [PUBMED:10357231]). The enzyme is a complex iron-sulphur flavoprotein catalysing the reductive transfer of the amido nitrogen from L-glutamine to 2-oxoglutarate to form two molecules of L-glutamate via intramolecular channelling of ammonia from the amidotransferase domain to the FMN-binding domain.
Reaction of amidotransferase domain:
Reactions of FMN-binding domain:
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||glutamate synthase activity (GO:0015930)|
|Biological process||nitrogen compound metabolic process (GO:0006807)|
|oxidation-reduction process (GO:0055114)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
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This large superfamily of TIM barrel enzymes all contain a common phosphate binding site. The phosphate is found in a variety of cofactors and ligands such as FMN [1,2].
The clan contains the following 57 members:Ala_racemase_N ALAD Aldolase AP_endonuc_2 BtpA CdhD CutC DAHP_synth_1 DAHP_synth_2 DeoC DHDPS DHO_dh DHquinase_I DUF1341 DUF2090 DUF556 DUF561 DUF692 DUF993 Dus F_bP_aldolase FMN_dh G3P_antiterm Glu_syn_central Glu_synthase His_biosynth HMGL-like IGPS IMPDH iPGM_N MtrH NanE NAPRTase NeuB NMO OMPdecase Orn_Arg_deC_N Oxidored_FMN PcrB PdxJ PhosphMutase PRAI Pterin_bind QRPTase_C Racemase_4 RhaA Ribul_P_3_epim SOR_SNZ Tagatose_6_P_K ThiG TIM TIM-br_sig_trns TMP-TENI Transaldolase Trp_syntA UvdE UxuA
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_455 (release 7.6)|
|Number in seed:||37|
|Number in full:||3372|
|Average length of the domain:||283.90 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||42 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||18.60 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||9|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There are 3 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Glu_syn_central domain has been found. There are 15 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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