Summary: Cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1 (CLPTM1)
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Cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1 Edit Wikipedia article
|, transmembrane protein, CLPTM1 regulator of GABA type A receptor forward trafficking|
- GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000104853 - Ensembl, May 2017
- GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000002981 - Ensembl, May 2017
- "Human PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- "Mouse PubMed Reference:". National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine.
- "Entrez Gene: CLPTM1 cleft lip and palate associated transmembrane protein 1".
This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.
Cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1 (CLPTM1) Provide feedback
This family consists of several eukaryotic cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1 sequences. Cleft lip with or without cleft palate is a common birth defect that is genetically complex. The nonsyndromic forms have been studied genetically using linkage and candidate-gene association studies with only partial success in defining the loci responsible for orofacial clefting. CLPTM1 encodes a transmembrane protein and has strong homology to two Caenorhabditis elegans genes, suggesting that CLPTM1 may belong to a new gene family . This family also contains the human cisplatin resistance related protein CRR9p which is associated with CDDP-induced apoptosis .
Yoshiura K, Machida J, Daack-Hirsch S, Patil SR, Ashworth LK, Hecht JT, Murray JC; , Genomics 1998;54:231-240.: Characterization of a novel gene disrupted by a balanced chromosomal translocation t(2;19)(q11.2;q13.3) in a family with cleft lip and palate. PUBMED:9828125 EPMC:9828125
Yamamoto K, Okamoto A, Isonishi S, Ochiai K, Ohtake Y; , Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2001;280:1148-1154.: A novel gene, CRR9, which was up-regulated in CDDP-resistant ovarian tumor cell line, was associated with apoptosis. PUBMED:11162647 EPMC:11162647
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR008429
This entry includes cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1 (CLPTM1) and cleft lip and palate transmembrane protein 1-like protein (CLPTM1L, also known as CRR9). This entry also includes uncharacterised proteins from fungi and plants.
Clefts of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) are some of the most common birth defects. They may be categorised into syndromic or non-syndromic types, with syndromic defects having an underlying chromosomal or teratogenic cause. Around 70% of clefts are non-syndromic and individuals have no typical physical or developmental abnormalities; these clefts generally show polygenetic behaviour and complex inheritance [ PUBMED:16122939 ]. Studies have identified regions on chromosomes 19 and 11 which may be involved in non-syndromic cleft lip and palates; this included a novel gene on chromosome 19, cleft lip and palate-associated transmembrane protein 1 (CLPTM1) [ PUBMED:9828125 ]. The Poliovirus receptor-related 1 gene (PVRL1), which is located on chromosome 11, has also been shown to associate with non-syndromic cleft lip and palates [ PUBMED:11559849 , PUBMED:19715471 ].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||integral component of membrane (GO:0016021)|
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
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We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...
There are various ways to view or download the sequence alignments that we store. We provide several sequence viewers and a plain-text Stockholm-format file for download.
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.
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This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.
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|Seed source:||Pfam-B_8636 (release 8.0)|
|Number in seed:||124|
|Number in full:||2940|
|Average length of the domain:||372.5 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||31 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||70.7 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||15|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the More....
This chart is a modified "sunburst" visualisation of the species tree for this family. It shows each node in the tree as a separate arc, arranged radially with the superkingdoms at the centre and the species arrayed around the outermost ring.
How the sunburst is generated
The tree is built by considering the taxonomic lineage of each sequence that has a match to this family. For each node in the resulting tree, we draw an arc in the sunburst. The radius of the arc, its distance from the root node at the centre of the sunburst, shows the taxonomic level ("superkingdom", "kingdom", etc). The length of the arc represents either the number of sequences represented at a given level, or the number of species that are found beneath the node in the tree. The weighting scheme can be changed using the sunburst controls.
In order to reduce the complexity of the representation, we reduce the number of taxonomic levels that we show. We consider only the following eight major taxonomic levels:
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Segments of the tree are coloured approximately according to their superkingdom. For example, archeal branches are coloured with shades of orange, eukaryotes in shades of purple, etc. The colour assignments are shown under the sunburst controls. Where space allows, the name of the taxonomic level will be written on the arc itself.
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There are some situations that the sunburst tree cannot easily handle and for which we have work-arounds in place.
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Some species in the taxonomic tree may not have one or more of the main eight levels that we display. For example, Bos taurus is not assigned an order in the NCBI taxonomic tree. In such cases we mark the omitted level with, for example, "No order", in both the tooltip and the lineage summary.
Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
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Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
Too many species/sequences
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
We also count the number of unique sequences on which each domain is found, which is shown in green. Note that a domain may appear multiple times on the same sequence, leading to the difference between these two numbers.
Finally, we group sequences from the same organism according to the NCBI code that is assigned by UniProt, allowing us to count the number of distinct sequences on which the domain is found. This value is shown in the pink boxes.
We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.
The structural model below was generated by the Baker group with the trRosetta software using the Pfam UniProt multiple sequence alignment.
The InterPro website shows the contact map for the Pfam SEED alignment. Hovering or clicking on a contact position will highlight its connection to other residues in the alignment, as well as on the 3D structure.
- View the contact map and structural model in InterPro
- Download the model in PDB format
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