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1  structure 169  species 0  interactions 557  sequences 9  architectures

Family: HOOK (PF05622)

Summary: HOOK protein

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The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

HOOK protein Provide feedback

This family consists of several HOOK1, 2 and 3 proteins from different eukaryotic organisms. The different members of the human gene family are HOOK1, HOOK2 and HOOK3. Different domains have been identified in the three human HOOK proteins, and it was demonstrated that the highly conserved NH2-domain mediates attachment to microtubules, whereas the central coiled-coil motif mediates homodimerisation and the more divergent C-terminal domains are involved in binding to specific organelles (organelle-binding domains). It has been demonstrated that endogenous HOOK3 binds to Golgi membranes [1] whereas both HOOK1 and HOOK2 are localised to discrete but unidentified cellular structures. In mice the Hook1 gene is predominantly expressed in the testis. Hook1 function is necessary for the correct positioning of microtubular structures within the haploid germ cell. Disruption of Hook1 function in mice causes abnormal sperm head shape and fragile attachment of the flagellum to the sperm head [2].

Literature references

  1. Walenta JH, Didier AJ, Liu X, Kramer H; , J Cell Biol 2001;152:923-934.: The Golgi-associated hook3 protein is a member of a novel family of microtubule-binding proteins. PUBMED:11238449 EPMC:11238449

  2. Mendoza-Lujambio I, Burfeind P, Dixkens C, Meinhardt A, Hoyer-Fender S, Engel W, Neesen J; , Hum Mol Genet 2002;11:1647-1658.: The Hook1 gene is non-functional in the abnormal spermatozoon head shape (azh) mutant mouse. PUBMED:12075009 EPMC:12075009


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR008636

This family consists of several HOOK1, 2 and 3 proteins from different eukaryotic organisms. The different members of the Homo sapiens gene family are HOOK1, HOOK2 and HOOK3. Different domains have been identified in the three Homo sapiens HOOK proteins, and it was demonstrated that the highly conserved NH2-domain mediates attachment to microtubules, whereas the central coiled-coil motif mediates homodimerisation and the more divergent C-terminal domains are involved in binding to specific organelles (organelle-binding domains). It has been demonstrated that endogenous HOOK3 binds to Golgi membranes [PUBMED:11238449], whereas both HOOK1 and HOOK2 are localised to discrete but unidentified cellular structures. In mice the Hook1 gene is predominantly expressed in the testis. Hook1 function is necessary for the correct positioning of microtubular structures within the haploid germ cell. Disruption of Hook1 function in mice causes abnormal sperm head shape and fragile attachment of the flagellum to the sperm head [PUBMED:12075009].

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(9)
Full
(557)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(507)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(90)
RP35
(122)
RP55
(209)
RP75
(312)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(9)
Full
(557)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(507)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(90)
RP35
(122)
RP55
(209)
RP75
(312)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(9)
Full
(557)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(507)
Meta
(1)
RP15
(90)
RP35
(122)
RP55
(209)
RP75
(312)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_8981 (release 8.0)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: Moxon SJ
Number in seed: 9
Number in full: 557
Average length of the domain: 523.20 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 26 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 58.15 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 35.0 35.0
Trusted cut-off 35.0 35.1
Noise cut-off 34.7 34.7
Model length: 713
Family (HMM) version: 7
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

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Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the HOOK domain has been found. There are 1 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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