Summary: Zonular occludens toxin (Zot)
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Zonular occludens toxin (Zot) Provide feedback
This family consists of bacterial and viral proteins which are very similar to the Zonular occludens toxin (Zot). Zot is elaborated by bacteriophages present in toxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae. Zot is a single polypeptide chain of 44.8 kDa, with the ability to reversibly alter intestinal epithelial tight junctions, allowing the passage of macromolecules through mucosal barriers [1,2]
Rossi M, Maurano F, Luongo D, Fasano A, Uzzau S, Auricchio S, Troncone R; , Immunol Lett 2002;81:217-221.: Zonula occludens toxin (Zot) interferes with the induction of nasal tolerance to gliadin. PUBMED:11947928 EPMC:11947928
Karyekar CS, Fasano A, Raje S, Lu R, Dowling TC, Eddington ND; , J Pharm Sci 2003;92:414-423.: Zonula occludens toxin increases the permeability of molecular weight markers and chemotherapeutic agents across the bovine brain microvessel endothelial cells. PUBMED:12532391 EPMC:12532391
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||AAA AAA_10 AAA_16 AAA_22 AAA_24 AAA_25 AAA_30 ATPase ATPase_2 CbiA DUF2075 DUF853 IstB_IS21 PhoH Pox_A32 Rad51 RecA TrwB_AAD_bind|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||AAA PhoH NTPase_1 ResIII DUF2075 AAA_22|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR008900This entry consists of bacterial and viral proteins which are very similar to the Zonular occludens toxin (Zot). Zot is elaborated by bacteriophage present in toxigenic strains of Vibrio cholerae. Zot is a single polypeptide chain of 44.8 kDa, with the ability to reversibly alter intestinal epithelial tight junctions, allowing the passage of macromolecules through mucosal barriers.
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AAA family proteins often perform chaperone-like functions that assist in the assembly, operation, or disassembly of protein complexes .
The clan contains the following 217 members:6PF2K AAA AAA-ATPase_like AAA_10 AAA_11 AAA_12 AAA_13 AAA_14 AAA_15 AAA_16 AAA_17 AAA_18 AAA_19 AAA_2 AAA_21 AAA_22 AAA_23 AAA_24 AAA_25 AAA_26 AAA_27 AAA_28 AAA_29 AAA_3 AAA_30 AAA_31 AAA_32 AAA_33 AAA_34 AAA_35 AAA_5 AAA_6 AAA_7 AAA_8 AAA_9 AAA_PrkA ABC_ATPase ABC_tran ABC_tran_Xtn Adeno_IVa2 Adenylsucc_synt ADK AFG1_ATPase AIG1 APS_kinase Arf ArgK ArsA_ATPase ATP-synt_ab ATP_bind_1 ATP_bind_2 ATPase ATPase_2 Bac_DnaA BCA_ABC_TP_C Beta-Casp Cas_Csn2 Cas_St_Csn2 CbiA CBP_BcsQ CDC73_C CENP-M CFTR_R CLP1_P CMS1 CoaE CobA_CobO_BtuR CobU cobW CPT CSM2 CTP_synth_N Cytidylate_kin Cytidylate_kin2 DAP3 DEAD DEAD_2 DLIC DNA_pack_C DNA_pack_N DNA_pol3_delta DNA_pol3_delta2 DnaB_C dNK DUF1611 DUF1726 DUF2075 DUF2326 DUF2478 DUF257 DUF2791 DUF2813 DUF3584 DUF463 DUF815 DUF853 DUF87 DUF927 Dynamin_N Dynein_heavy ERCC3_RAD25_C Exonuc_V_gamma FeoB_N Fer4_NifH Flavi_DEAD FTHFS FtsK_SpoIIIE G-alpha Gal-3-0_sulfotr GBP GBP_C GTP_EFTU Gtr1_RagA Guanylate_kin GvpD HDA2-3 Helicase_C Helicase_C_2 Helicase_C_4 Helicase_RecD Herpes_Helicase Herpes_ori_bp Herpes_TK Hydin_ADK IIGP IPPT IPT IstB_IS21 KAP_NTPase KdpD Kinesin KTI12 LAP1C Lon_2 LpxK MCM MEDS Mg_chelatase Microtub_bd MipZ MMR_HSR1 MMR_HSR1_C MobB MukB MutS_V Myosin_head NACHT NB-ARC NOG1 NTPase_1 NTPase_P4 ORC3_N ParA Parvo_NS1 PAXNEB PduV-EutP PhoH PIF1 Podovirus_Gp16 Polyoma_lg_T_C Pox_A32 PPK2 PPV_E1_C PRK PSY3 Rad17 Rad51 Ras RecA ResIII RHD3 RHSP RNA12 RNA_helicase Roc RsgA_GTPase RuvB_N SbcCD_C SecA_DEAD Septin Sigma54_activ_2 Sigma54_activat SKI SMC_N SNF2_N Spore_IV_A SRP54 SRPRB SulA Sulfotransfer_1 Sulfotransfer_2 Sulfotransfer_3 Sulphotransf T2SSE T4SS-DNA_transf Terminase_1 Terminase_3 Terminase_6 Terminase_GpA Thymidylate_kin TIP49 TK TniB Torsin TraG-D_C tRNA_lig_kinase TrwB_AAD_bind TsaE UvrB UvrD-helicase UvrD_C UvrD_C_2 Viral_helicase1 VirC1 VirE Zeta_toxin Zot
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_3320 (release 8.0)|
|Number in seed:||7|
|Number in full:||255|
|Average length of the domain:||168.30 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||16 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||45.77 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 26740544 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||11|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Zot domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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