Summary: Senescence domain
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Senescence domain Provide feedback
This is the AAA ATPase senescence domain (SC) found at the C-terminal of plant senescence-associated proteins and spartin. In Hemerocallis, petals a genetically based program that leads to senescence and cell death approximately 24 hours after the flower opens, and it is believed that senescence proteins produced around that time have a role in this program . This domain is also present at the C-terminal of Spartin, a protein from higher vertebrates associated with mitochondrial membranes and transportation along microtubules . Spartin functions presynaptically with endocytic adaptor Eps15 to regulate synaptic growth and function. Mutations in human spartin gene cause Troyer syndrome, a hereditary spastic paraplegia . This AAA ATPase domain, similar to other AAA proteins contain an alpha/beta nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) and a smaller four-helix bundle domain (HBD) . Uniquely among AAA structures, spastin has two helices (N-terminal alpha1 and C-terminal alpha11) hat embrace the NBD .
Nahm M, Lee MJ, Parkinson W, Lee M, Kim H, Kim YJ, Kim S, Cho YS, Min BM, Bae YC, Broadie K, Lee S;, Neuron. 2013;77:680-695.: Spartin regulates synaptic growth and neuronal survival by inhibiting BMP-mediated microtubule stabilization. PUBMED:23439121 EPMC:23439121
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR009686
This is the AAA ATPase domain found at the C-terminal of plant senescence-associated proteins and spartin. In Hemerocallis, petals have a genetically based program that leads to senescence and cell death approximately 24 hours, after the flower opens, and it is believed that senescence proteins produced around that time have a role in this program [ PUBMED:10412903 ]. This domain is also found at the C-terminal of Spartin, a protein from higher vertebrates associated with endosomal trafficking and microtubule dynamics [ PUBMED:12676568 ]. Spartin functions presynaptically with endocytic adaptor Eps15 to regulate synaptic growth and function. Mutations in human spartin gene cause Troyer syndrome, a hereditary spastic paraplegia [ PUBMED:23439121 ]. This AAA ATPase domain similar to other AAA proteins contain an alpha/beta nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) and a smaller four-helix bundle domain (HBD) [ PUBMED:18202664 ]. Uniquely among AAA structures, spastin has two helices (N-terminal alpha1 and C-terminal alpha11) that embrace the NBD [ PUBMED:18202664 ].
Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...
The graphic that is shown by default represents the longest sequence with a given architecture. Each row contains the following information:
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AAA family proteins often perform chaperone-like functions that assist in the assembly, operation, or disassembly of protein complexes .
The clan contains the following 245 members:6PF2K AAA AAA-ATPase_like AAA_10 AAA_11 AAA_12 AAA_13 AAA_14 AAA_15 AAA_16 AAA_17 AAA_18 AAA_19 AAA_2 AAA_21 AAA_22 AAA_23 AAA_24 AAA_25 AAA_26 AAA_27 AAA_28 AAA_29 AAA_3 AAA_30 AAA_31 AAA_32 AAA_33 AAA_34 AAA_35 AAA_5 AAA_6 AAA_7 AAA_8 AAA_9 AAA_PrkA ABC_ATPase ABC_tran ABC_tran_Xtn Adeno_IVa2 Adenylsucc_synt ADK AFG1_ATPase AIG1 APS_kinase Arf ArsA_ATPase ATP-synt_ab ATP_bind_1 ATP_bind_2 ATPase ATPase_2 Bac_DnaA BCA_ABC_TP_C Beta-Casp bpMoxR BrxC_BrxD BrxL_ATPase Cas_Csn2 Cas_St_Csn2 CbiA CBP_BcsQ CDC73_C CENP-M CFTR_R CLP1_P CMS1 CoaE CobA_CobO_BtuR CobU cobW CPT CSM2 CTP_synth_N Cytidylate_kin Cytidylate_kin2 DAP3 DEAD DEAD_2 divDNAB DLIC DNA_pack_C DNA_pack_N DNA_pol3_delta DNA_pol3_delta2 DnaB_C dNK DO-GTPase1 DO-GTPase2 DUF1611 DUF2075 DUF2326 DUF2478 DUF257 DUF2813 DUF3584 DUF463 DUF4914 DUF5906 DUF6079 DUF815 DUF835 DUF87 DUF927 Dynamin_N Dynein_heavy Elong_Iki1 ELP6 ERCC3_RAD25_C Exonuc_V_gamma FeoB_N Fer4_NifH Flavi_DEAD FTHFS FtsK_SpoIIIE G-alpha Gal-3-0_sulfotr GBP GBP_C GpA_ATPase GpA_nuclease GTP_EFTU Gtr1_RagA Guanylate_kin GvpD_P-loop HDA2-3 Helicase_C Helicase_C_2 Helicase_C_4 Helicase_RecD HerA_C Herpes_Helicase Herpes_ori_bp Herpes_TK HydF_dimer HydF_tetramer Hydin_ADK IIGP IPPT IPT iSTAND IstB_IS21 KAP_NTPase KdpD Kinase-PPPase Kinesin KTI12 LAP1_C LpxK MCM MeaB MEDS Mg_chelatase Microtub_bd MipZ MMR_HSR1 MMR_HSR1_C MobB MukB Mur_ligase_M MutS_V Myosin_head NACHT NAT_N NB-ARC NOG1 NTPase_1 NTPase_P4 ORC3_N P-loop_TraG ParA Parvo_NS1 PAXNEB PduV-EutP PhoH PIF1 Ploopntkinase1 Ploopntkinase2 Ploopntkinase3 Podovirus_Gp16 Polyoma_lg_T_C Pox_A32 PPK2 PPV_E1_C PRK PSY3 Rad17 Rad51 Ras RecA ResIII RHD3_GTPase RhoGAP_pG1_pG2 RHSP RNA12 RNA_helicase Roc RsgA_GTPase RuvB_N SbcC_Walker_B SecA_DEAD Senescence Septin Sigma54_activ_2 Sigma54_activat SKI SMC_N SNF2-rel_dom SpoIVA_ATPase Spore_III_AA SRP54 SRPRB SulA Sulfotransfer_1 Sulfotransfer_2 Sulfotransfer_3 Sulfotransfer_4 Sulfotransfer_5 Sulphotransf SWI2_SNF2 T2SSE T4SS-DNA_transf TerL_ATPase Terminase_3 Terminase_6N Thymidylate_kin TIP49 TK TmcA_N TniB Torsin TraG-D_C tRNA_lig_kinase TrwB_AAD_bind TsaE UvrB UvrD-helicase UvrD_C UvrD_C_2 Viral_helicase1 VirC1 VirE YqeC Zeta_toxin Zot
We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets and the UniProtKB sequence database. More...
There are various ways to view or download the sequence alignments that we store. We provide several sequence viewers and a plain-text Stockholm-format file for download.
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the UniProtKB sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.
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This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.
|Seed source:||Pfam-B_7525 (release 10.0)|
|Author:||Vella Briffa B|
|Number in seed:||106|
|Number in full:||2340|
|Average length of the domain:||177.20 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||25 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||37.00 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 61295632 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||15|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the More....
This chart is a modified "sunburst" visualisation of the species tree for this family. It shows each node in the tree as a separate arc, arranged radially with the superkingdoms at the centre and the species arrayed around the outermost ring.
How the sunburst is generated
The tree is built by considering the taxonomic lineage of each sequence that has a match to this family. For each node in the resulting tree, we draw an arc in the sunburst. The radius of the arc, its distance from the root node at the centre of the sunburst, shows the taxonomic level ("superkingdom", "kingdom", etc). The length of the arc represents either the number of sequences represented at a given level, or the number of species that are found beneath the node in the tree. The weighting scheme can be changed using the sunburst controls.
In order to reduce the complexity of the representation, we reduce the number of taxonomic levels that we show. We consider only the following eight major taxonomic levels:
Colouring and labels
Segments of the tree are coloured approximately according to their superkingdom. For example, archeal branches are coloured with shades of orange, eukaryotes in shades of purple, etc. The colour assignments are shown under the sunburst controls. Where space allows, the name of the taxonomic level will be written on the arc itself.
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Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
There are some situations that the sunburst tree cannot easily handle and for which we have work-arounds in place.
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Some species in the taxonomic tree may not have one or more of the main eight levels that we display. For example, Bos taurus is not assigned an order in the NCBI taxonomic tree. In such cases we mark the omitted level with, for example, "No order", in both the tooltip and the lineage summary.
Unmapped species names
The tree is built by looking at each sequence in the full alignment for the family. We take the name of the species given by UniProt and try to map that to the full taxonomic tree from NCBI. In some cases, the name chosen by UniProt does not map to any node in the NCBI tree, perhaps because the chosen name is listed as a synonym or a misspelling in the NCBI taxonomy.
So that these nodes are not simply omitted from the sunburst tree, we group them together in a separate branch (or segment of the sunburst tree). Since we cannot determine the lineage for these unmapped species, we show all levels between the superkingdom and the species as "uncategorised".
Since we reduce the species tree to only the eight main taxonomic levels, sequences that are mapped to the sub-species level in the tree would not normally be shown. Rather than leave out these species, we map them instead to their parent species. So, for example, for sequences belonging to one of the Vibrio cholerae sub-species in the NCBI taxonomy, we show them instead as belonging to the species Vibrio cholerae.
Too many species/sequences
For large species trees, you may see blank regions in the outer layers of the sunburst. These occur when there are large numbers of arcs to be drawn in a small space. If an arc is less than approximately one pixel wide, it will not be drawn and the space will be left blank. You may still be able to get some information about the species in that region by moving your mouse across the area, but since each arc will be very small, it will be difficult to accurately locate a particular species.
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
We show the species tree in one of two ways. For smaller trees we try to show an interactive representation, which allows you to select specific nodes in the tree and view them as an alignment or as a set of Pfam domain graphics.
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For all of the domain matches in a full alignment, we count the number that are found on all sequences in the alignment. This total is shown in the purple box.
We also count the number of unique sequences on which each domain is found, which is shown in green. Note that a domain may appear multiple times on the same sequence, leading to the difference between these two numbers.
Finally, we group sequences from the same organism according to the NCBI code that is assigned by UniProt, allowing us to count the number of distinct sequences on which the domain is found. This value is shown in the pink boxes.
We use the NCBI species tree to group organisms according to their taxonomy and this forms the structure of the displayed tree. Note that in some cases the trees are too large (have too many nodes) to allow us to build an interactive tree, but in most cases you can still view the tree in a plain text, non-interactive representation. Those species which are represented in the seed alignment for this domain are highlighted.
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AlphaFold Structure Predictions
The list of proteins below match this family and have AlphaFold predicted structures. Click on the protein accession to view the predicted structure.
The structural model below was generated by the Baker group with the trRosetta software using the Pfam UniProt multiple sequence alignment.
The InterPro website shows the contact map for the Pfam SEED alignment. Hovering or clicking on a contact position will highlight its connection to other residues in the alignment, as well as on the 3D structure.
- View the contact map and structural model in InterPro
- Download the model in PDB format
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