Please note: this site relies heavily on the use of javascript. Without a javascript-enabled browser, this site will not function correctly. Please enable javascript and reload the page, or switch to a different browser.
0  structures 52  species 0  interactions 365  sequences 6  architectures

Family: zf-LSD1 (PF06943)

Summary: LSD1 zinc finger

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

LSD1 zinc finger Provide feedback

This family consists of several plant specific LSD1 zinc finger domains. Arabidopsis lsd1 mutants are hyper-responsive to cell death initiators and fail to limit the extent of cell death. Superoxide is a necessary and sufficient signal for cell death propagation. LSD1 monitors a superoxide-dependent signal and negatively regulates a plant cell death pathway. LSD1 protein contains three zinc finger domains, defined by CxxCxRxxLMYxxGASxVxCxxC. It has been suggested that LSD1 defines a zinc finger protein subclass and that LSD1 regulates transcription, via either repression of a pro-death pathway or activation of an anti-death pathway, in response to signals emanating from cells undergoing pathogen-induced hypersensitive cell death [1].

Literature references

  1. Dietrich RA, Richberg MH, Schmidt R, Dean C, Dangl JL; , Cell 1997;88:685-694.: A novel zinc finger protein is encoded by the Arabidopsis LSD1 gene and functions as a negative regulator of plant cell death. PUBMED:9054508 EPMC:9054508

  2. Epple P, Mack AA, Morris VR, Dangl JL; , Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2003;100:6831-6836.: Antagonistic control of oxidative stress-induced cell death in Arabidopsis by two related, plant-specific zinc finger proteins. PUBMED:12732715 EPMC:12732715


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR005735

Zinc finger (Znf) domains are relatively small protein motifs which contain multiple finger-like protrusions that make tandem contacts with their target molecule. Some of these domains bind zinc, but many do not; instead binding other metals such as iron, or no metal at all. For example, some family members form salt bridges to stabilise the finger-like folds. They were first identified as a DNA-binding motif in transcription factor TFIIIA from Xenopus laevis (African clawed frog), however they are now recognised to bind DNA, RNA, protein and/or lipid substrates [PUBMED:10529348, PUBMED:15963892, PUBMED:15718139, PUBMED:17210253, PUBMED:12665246]. Their binding properties depend on the amino acid sequence of the finger domains and of the linker between fingers, as well as on the higher-order structures and the number of fingers. Znf domains are often found in clusters, where fingers can have different binding specificities. There are many superfamilies of Znf motifs, varying in both sequence and structure. They display considerable versatility in binding modes, even between members of the same class (e.g. some bind DNA, others protein), suggesting that Znf motifs are stable scaffolds that have evolved specialised functions. For example, Znf-containing proteins function in gene transcription, translation, mRNA trafficking, cytoskeleton organisation, epithelial development, cell adhesion, protein folding, chromatin remodelling and zinc sensing, to name but a few [PUBMED:11179890]. Zinc-binding motifs are stable structures, and they rarely undergo conformational changes upon binding their target.

This model describes a putative zinc finger domain found in three closely spaced copies in Arabidopsis protein LSD1 and in two copies in other proteins from the same species. The motif resembles CxxCRxxLMYxxGASxVxCxxC [PUBMED:9054508]. This domain may play a role in the regulation of transcription, via either repression of a prodeath pathway or activation of an antideath pathway, in response to signals emanating from cells undergoing pathogen-induced hypersensitive cell death.

More information about these proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Zinc Fingers [PUBMED:].

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

Loading domain graphics...

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(23)
Full
(365)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(373)
Meta
(2)
RP15
(32)
RP35
(115)
RP55
(160)
RP75
(186)
Jalview View  View  View  View  View  View  View  View 
HTML View  View  View  View  View  View     
PP/heatmap 1 View  View  View  View  View     
Pfam viewer View  View             

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(23)
Full
(365)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(373)
Meta
(2)
RP15
(32)
RP35
(115)
RP55
(160)
RP75
(186)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(23)
Full
(365)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(373)
Meta
(2)
RP15
(32)
RP35
(115)
RP55
(160)
RP75
(186)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Pfam-B_15249 (release 10.0)
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Moxon SJ
Number in seed: 23
Number in full: 365
Average length of the domain: 25.00 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 54 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 21.25 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 20.2 20.2
Trusted cut-off 20.3 20.2
Noise cut-off 19.7 20.0
Model length: 25
Family (HMM) version: 7
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

Sunburst controls

Show

This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

Loading sunburst data...

Tree controls

Hide

The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...

Loading...

Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.