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808  structures 9515  species 15  interactions 17548  sequences 76  architectures

Family: KH_2 (PF07650)

Summary: KH domain

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KH domain Provide feedback

No Pfam abstract.

Literature references

  1. Burd CG, Dreyfuss G; , Science 1994;265:615-621.: Conserved structures and diversity of functions of RNA-binding proteins. PUBMED:8036511 EPMC:8036511

  2. Musco G, Stier G, Joseph C, Castiglione Morelli MA, Nilges M, Gibson TJ, Pastore A; , Cell 1996;85:237-245.: Three-dimensional structure and stability of the KH domain: molecular insights into the fragile X syndrome. PUBMED:8612276 EPMC:8612276


Internal database links

External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR004044

The K homology (KH) domain was first identified in the human heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) K. It is a domain of around 70 amino acids that is present in a wide variety of quite diverse nucleic acid-binding proteins [PUBMED:8036511]. It has been shown to bind RNA [PUBMED:9302998, PUBMED:10369774]. Like many other RNA-binding motifs, KH motifs are found in one or multiple copies (14 copies in chicken vigilin) and, at least for hnRNP K (three copies) and FMR-1 (two copies), each motif is necessary for in vitro RNA binding activity, suggesting that they may function cooperatively or, in the case of single KH motif proteins (for example, Mer1p), independently [PUBMED:8036511].

According to structural analyses [PUBMED:9302998, PUBMED:10369774, PUBMED:11160884], the KH domain can be separated in two groups. The first group or type-1 contain a beta-alpha-alpha-beta-beta-alpha structure, whereas in the type-2 the two last beta-sheets are located in the N-terminal part of the domain (alpha-beta-beta-alpha-alpha-beta). Sequence similarity between these two folds are limited to a short region (VIGXXGXXI) in the RNA binding motif. This motif is located between helice 1 and 2 in type-1 and between helice 2 and 3 in type-2. Proteins known to contain a type-2 KH domain include eukaryotic and prokaryotic S3 family of ribosomal proteins, and the prokaryotic GTP-binding protein era.

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan KH (CL0007), which has the following description:

The KH domain is thought to be the second most prevalent RNA binding motif in proteins. The motif is characterised by a conserved GXXXGXXG in the middle of the domain. Structures of KH reveal that the KH domain is arranged as either a beta-alpha-alpha-beta-beta (mini-KH domain) or beta-alpha-alpha-beta-beta-alpha (maxi-KH domain). The secondary elements are separated by at least four loop segments. The second loop is located between beta-1 and al The KH domain can be found either as single or multiple copies. The KH domain usually binds RNA as a multimer.

The clan contains the following 14 members:

DUF2096 DUF370 KH_1 KH_10 KH_2 KH_4 KH_5 KH_6 KH_7 KH_8 KH_9 MOEP19 MRP-S24 SLS

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the UniProtKB sequence database, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(131)
Full
(17548)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(47627)
NCBI
(59303)
Meta
(3874)
RP15
(4827)
RP35
(11992)
RP55
(17712)
RP75
(24679)
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PP/heatmap 1                

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(131)
Full
(17548)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(47627)
NCBI
(59303)
Meta
(3874)
RP15
(4827)
RP35
(11992)
RP55
(17712)
RP75
(24679)
Alignment:
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Sequence:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(131)
Full
(17548)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(47627)
NCBI
(59303)
Meta
(3874)
RP15
(4827)
RP35
(11992)
RP55
(17712)
RP75
(24679)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Context_Domains
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Sequence Ontology: SO:0000417
Author: Finn RD
Number in seed: 131
Number in full: 17548
Average length of the domain: 76.70 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 26 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 27.98 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 45638612 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 22.0 22.0
Trusted cut-off 22.0 22.0
Noise cut-off 21.9 21.9
Model length: 78
Family (HMM) version: 17
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Archea Archea Eukaryota Eukaryota
Bacteria Bacteria Other sequences Other sequences
Viruses Viruses Unclassified Unclassified
Viroids Viroids Unclassified sequence Unclassified sequence

Selections

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Interactions

There are 15 interactions for this family. More...

KH_2 Ribosomal_S10 Lactamase_B Ribosomal_S17e Ribosomal_S3_C S10_plectin Ribosomal_S7e S10_plectin Ribosomal_S10 Beta-Casp MMR_HSR1 Ribosomal_S14 Ribosomal_S4e Ribosomal_S14 Ribosomal_S11

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the KH_2 domain has been found. There are 808 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.

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