Summary: Coatomer gamma subunit appendage platform subdomain
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Coatomer gamma subunit appendage platform subdomain Provide feedback
COPI-coated vesicles function in retrograde transport from the Golgi to the ER, and in intra-Golgi transport. This is the platform subdomain of the coatomer gamma subunit appendage domain. It carries a protein-protein interaction site at UniProt:P53620 residue W776, which in yeast binds to the ARFGAP Glo3p, and in mammalian gamma-COP binds to a Glo3p orthologue, ARFGAP2 .
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR014863
Proteins synthesised on the ribosome and processed in the endoplasmic reticulum are transported from the Golgi apparatus to the trans-Golgi network (TGN), and from there via small carrier vesicles to their final destination compartment. This traffic is bidirectional, to ensure that proteins required to form vesicles are recycled. Vesicles have specific coat proteins (such as clathrin or coatomer) that are important for cargo selection and direction of transfer [PUBMED:15261670]. While clathrin mediates endocytic protein transport, and transport from ER to Golgi, coatomers primarily mediate intra-Golgi transport, as well as the reverse Golgi to ER transport of dilysine-tagged proteins [PUBMED:14690497]. For example, the coatomer COP1 (coat protein complex 1) is responsible for reverse transport of recycled proteins from Golgi and pre-Golgi compartments back to the ER, while COPII buds vesicles from the ER to the Golgi [PUBMED:11208122]. Coatomers reversibly associate with Golgi (non-clathrin-coated) vesicles to mediate protein transport and for budding from Golgi membranes [PUBMED:17041781]. Activated small guanine triphosphatases (GTPases) attract coat proteins to specific membrane export sites, thereby linking coatomers to export cargos. As coat proteins polymerise, vesicles are formed and budded from membrane-bound organelles. Coatomer complexes also influence Golgi structural integrity, as well as the processing, activity, and endocytic recycling of LDL receptors. In mammals, coatomer complexes can only be recruited by membranes associated to ADP-ribosylation factors (ARFs), which are small GTP-binding proteins. Coatomer complexes are hetero-oligomers composed of at least an alpha, beta, beta', gamma, delta, epsilon and zeta subunits.
This entry represents the C-terminal appendage domain of the gamma subunit of coatomer complexes. The appendage domain of the gamma coatomer subunit has a similar overall structural fold to the appendage domain of clathrin adaptors, and can also share the same motif-based cargo recognition and accessory factor recruitment mechanisms. The coatomer gamma subunit appendage domain contains a protein-protein interaction site and a second proposed binding site that interacts with the alpha, beta, epsilon COPI subcomplex [PUBMED:14690497].
More information about these proteins can be found at Protein of the Month: Clathrin [PUBMED:].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||Golgi-associated vesicle (GO:0005798)|
|Molecular function||structural molecule activity (GO:0005198)|
|Biological process||intracellular protein transport (GO:0006886)|
|vesicle-mediated transport (GO:0016192)|
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This clan includes a diverse range of domains that have an Ig-like fold and appear to be distantly related to each other. The clan includes: PKD domains, cadherins and several families of bacterial Ig-like domains as well as viral tail fibre proteins. it also includes several Fibronectin type III domain-containing families.
The clan contains the following 63 members:A2M_N Alpha_adaptinC2 Big_1 Big_2 Big_3 Big_3_2 Big_3_3 Big_3_4 Big_4 Big_5 BiPBP_C BsuPI Cadherin Cadherin-like Cadherin_2 Cadherin_pro CARDB CHB_HEX_C CHB_HEX_C_1 ChitinaseA_N CHU_C Coatamer_beta_C COP-gamma_platf CopC DUF1034 DUF11 DUF1973 DUF2271 DUF4165 DUF4625 DUF916 EpoR_lig-bind Filamin FixG_C FlgD_ig fn3 Fn3_assoc He_PIG HYR IFNGR1 IL6Ra-bind Integrin_alpha2 Interfer-bind Invasin_D3 MG1 Mo-co_dimer Neurexophilin NPCBM_assoc PapD_N PKD PPC Qn_am_d_aIII REJ Rib SoxZ SprB SWM_repeat T2SS-T3SS_pil_N TIG Tissue_fac Transglut_C TRAP_beta Y_Y_Y
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||81|
|Number in full:||438|
|Average length of the domain:||145.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||42 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||17.35 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||5|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the COP-gamma_platf domain has been found. There are 2 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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