Summary: EcoRII C terminal
This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "R.EcoRII". More...
The Wikipedia text that you see displayed here is a download from Wikipedia. This means that the information we display is a copy of the information from the Wikipedia database. The button next to the article title ("Edit Wikipedia article") takes you to the edit page for the article directly within Wikipedia. You should be aware you are not editing our local copy of this information. Any changes that you make to the Wikipedia article will not be displayed here until we next download the article from Wikipedia. We currently download new content on a nightly basis.
Does Pfam agree with the content of the Wikipedia entry ?
Pfam has chosen to link families to Wikipedia articles. In some case we have created or edited these articles but in many other cases we have not made any direct contribution to the content of the article. The Wikipedia community does monitor edits to try to ensure that (a) the quality of article annotation increases, and (b) vandalism is very quickly dealt with. However, we would like to emphasise that Pfam does not curate the Wikipedia entries and we cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information on the Wikipedia page.
Editing Wikipedia articles
Before you edit for the first time
Wikipedia is a free, online encyclopedia. Although anyone can edit or contribute to an article, Wikipedia has some strong editing guidelines and policies, which promote the Wikipedia standard of style and etiquette. Your edits and contributions are more likely to be accepted (and remain) if they are in accordance with this policy.
You should take a few minutes to view the following pages:
How your contribution will be recorded
Anyone can edit a Wikipedia entry. You can do this either as a new user or you can register with Wikipedia and log on. When you click on the "Edit Wikipedia article" button, your browser will direct you to the edit page for this entry in Wikipedia. If you are a registered user and currently logged in, your changes will be recorded under your Wikipedia user name. However, if you are not a registered user or are not logged on, your changes will be logged under your computer's IP address. This has two main implications. Firstly, as a registered Wikipedia user your edits are more likely seen as valuable contribution (although all edits are open to community scrutiny regardless). Secondly, if you edit under an IP address you may be sharing this IP address with other users. If your IP address has previously been blocked (due to being flagged as a source of 'vandalism') your edits will also be blocked. You can find more information on this and creating a user account at Wikipedia.
If you have problems editing a particular page, contact us at email@example.com and we will try to help.
The community annotation is a new facility of the Pfam web site. If you have problems editing or experience problems with these pages please contact us.
R.EcoRII Edit Wikipedia article
Restriction endonuclease (REase) EcoRII (pronounced "eco R two") is an enzyme of restriction modification system (RM) naturally found in Escherichia coli, a Gram-negative bacteria. Its molecular mass is 45.2 kDa, being composed of 402 amino acids.
Mode of action
EcoRII is a bacterial Type IIE REase that interacts with two or three copies of the pseudopalindromic DNA recognition sequence 5'-CCWGG-3' (W = A or T), one being the actual target of cleavage, the other(s) serving as the allosteric activator(s). EcoRII cut target DNA sequence CCWGG generating sticky ends.
|Recognition site||Cut results|
5' NNCCWGGNN 3' NNGGWCCNN
5' NN CCWGGNN 3' NNGGWCC NN
|Restriction endonuclease EcoRII, N-terminal|
crystal structure of restriction endonuclease ecorii mutant r88a
|EcoRII C terminal|
crystal structure of restriction endonuclease ecorii mutant r88a
- B3 DNA binding domain (SCOP 117343) from the transcription factors in higher plants (PDB 1WID)
- C-terminal domain of restriction endonuclease BfiI (PDB 2C1L)
Structure-based sequence alignment and site-directed mutagenesis identified the putative PD..D/EXK active sites of the EcoRII catalytic domain dimer that in apo structure are spatially blocked by the N-terminal domains.
- EcoRI, another nuclease enzyme from Escherichia coli.
- EcoRV, another nuclease enzyme from Escherichia coli.
- B3 DNA binding domain from higher plants is evolutionary related to EcoRII
- FokI, another nuclease enzyme from Flavobacterium okeanokoites
- EcoRII in Restriction Enzyme Database REBASE
- Richard J. Roberts. "EcoRII". REBASE - The Restriction Enzyme Database. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- Roberts RJ, Belfort M, Bestor T, et al. (2003). "A nomenclature for restriction enzymes, DNA methyltransferases, homing endonucleases and their genes". Nucleic Acids Res. 31 (7): 1805–12. doi:10.1093/nar/gkg274. PMC 152790. PMID 12654995. PDF
- Mücke M, Lurz R, Mackeldanz P, Behlke J, Krüger DH, Reuter M (2000). "Imaging DNA loops induced by restriction endonuclease EcoRII. A single amino acid substitution uncouples target recognition from cooperative DNA interaction and cleavage". J. Biol. Chem. 275 (39): 30631–7. doi:10.1074/jbc.M003904200. PMID 10903314.PDF
- Shlyakhtenko LS, Gilmore J, Portillo A, Tamulaitis G, Siksnys V, Lyubchenko YL (2007). "Direct visualization of the EcoRII-DNA triple synaptic complex by atomic force microscopy". Biochemistry 46 (39): 11128–36. doi:10.1021/bi701123u. PMID 17845057.
- Griffiths, Anthony J. F. (1999). An Introduction to genetic analysis. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman. ISBN 0-7167-3520-2.
- Zhou XE, Wang Y, Reuter M, Mücke M, Krüger DH, Meehan EJ, Chen L (2004). "Crystal structure of type IIE restriction endonuclease EcoRII reveals an autoinhibition mechanism by a novel effector-binding fold". J. Mol. Biol. 335 (1): 307–19. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2003.10.030. PMID 14659759.
- Yamasaki K, Kigawa T, Inoue M, Tateno M, Yamasaki T, Yabuki T, Aoki M, Seki E, Matsuda T, Tomo Y, Hayami N, Terada T, Shirouzu M, Osanai T, Tanaka A, Seki M, Shinozaki K, Yokoyama S (2004). "Solution structure of the B3 DNA binding domain of the Arabidopsis cold-responsive transcription factor RAV1". Plant Cell 16 (12): 3448–59. doi:10.1105/tpc.104.026112. PMC 535885. PMID 15548737.PDF
- Richard J. Roberts. "BfiI". REBASE - The Restriction Enzyme Database. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
- Grazulis S, Manakova E, Roessle M, Bochtler M, Tamulaitiene G, Huber R, Siksnys V (2005). "Structure of the metal-independent restriction enzyme BfiI reveals fusion of a specific DNA-binding domain with a nonspecific nuclease". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102 (44): 15797–802. doi:10.1073/pnas.0507949102. PMC 1266039. PMID 16247004. PDF
- Niv MY, Ripoll DR, Vila JA, Liwo A, Vanamee ES, Aggarwal AK, Weinstein H, Scheraga HA (2007). "Topology of Type II REases revisited; structural classes and the common conserved core". NAR 35 (7): 2227–37. doi:10.1093/nar/gkm045. PMC 1874628. PMID 17369272. PDF
EcoRII C terminal Provide feedback
The C-terminal catalytic domain of the Restriction Endonuclease EcoRII has a restriction endonuclease-like fold with a central five-stranded mixed beta-sheet surrounded on both sides by alpha-helices. It cleaves DNA specifically at single 5' CCWGG sites .
Zhou XE, Wang Y, Reuter M, Mucke M, Kruger DH, Meehan EJ, Chen L; , J Mol Biol. 2004;335:307-319.: Crystal structure of type IIE restriction endonuclease EcoRII reveals an autoinhibition mechanism by a novel effector-binding fold. PUBMED:14659759 EPMC:14659759
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR015109
There are four classes of restriction endonucleases: types I, II,III and IV. All types of enzymes recognise specific short DNA sequences and carry out the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA to give specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. They differ in their recognition sequence, subunit composition, cleavage position, and cofactor requirements [PUBMED:15121719, PUBMED:12665693], as summarised below:
- Type I enzymes (EC) cleave at sites remote from recognition site; require both ATP and S-adenosyl-L-methionine to function; multifunctional protein with both restriction and methylase (EC) activities.
- Type II enzymes (EC) cleave within or at short specific distances from recognition site; most require magnesium; single function (restriction) enzymes independent of methylase.
- Type III enzymes (EC) cleave at sites a short distance from recognition site; require ATP (but doesn't hydrolyse it); S-adenosyl-L-methionine stimulates reaction but is not required; exists as part of a complex with a modification methylase methylase (EC).
- Type IV enzymes target methylated DNA.
Type II restriction endonucleases (EC) are components of prokaryotic DNA restriction-modification mechanisms that protect the organism against invading foreign DNA. These site-specific deoxyribonucleases catalyse the endonucleolytic cleavage of DNA to give specific double-stranded fragments with terminal 5'-phosphates. Of the 3000 restriction endonucleases that have been characterised, most are homodimeric or tetrameric enzymes that cleave target DNA at sequence-specific sites close to the recognition site. For homodimeric enzymes, the recognition site is usually a palindromic sequence 4-8 bp in length. Most enzymes require magnesium ions as a cofactor for catalysis. Although they can vary in their mode of recognition, many restriction endonucleases share a similar structural core comprising four beta-strands and one alpha-helix, as well as a similar mechanism of cleavage, suggesting a common ancestral origin [PUBMED:15770420]. However, there is still considerable diversity amongst restriction endonucleases [PUBMED:14576294, PUBMED:11827971]. The target site recognition process triggers large conformational changes of the enzyme and the target DNA, leading to the activation of the catalytic centres. Like other DNA binding proteins, restriction enzymes are capable of non-specific DNA binding as well, which is the prerequisite for efficient target site location by facilitated diffusion. Non-specific binding usually does not involve interactions with the bases but only with the DNA backbone [PUBMED:11557805].
This entry represents the C-terminal catalytic domain of the type II restriction endonuclease EcoRII, which has a restriction endonuclease-like fold with a central five-stranded mixed beta-sheet surrounded on both sides by alpha-helices. EcoRII cleaves DNA specifically at single 5' CCWGG sites [PUBMED:14659759].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||DNA binding (GO:0003677)|
|Type II site-specific deoxyribonuclease activity (GO:0009036)|
|Biological process||DNA restriction-modification system (GO:0009307)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
This clan includes a large number of nuclease families related to holliday junction resolvases [1,2].
The clan contains the following 123 members:BamHI BpuSI_N Bse634I BsuBI_PstI_RE Cas_APE2256 Cas_Cas02710 Cas_Cas4 Cas_Csm6 Cas_NE0113 CoiA Dna2 DpnII DRP DUF1016 DUF1052 DUF1064 DUF1626 DUF1703 DUF1780 DUF1853 DUF1887 DUF2034 DUF2130 DUF234 DUF2726 DUF2800 DUF2887 DUF3799 DUF3883 DUF4143 DUF4263 DUF4420 DUF506 DUF524 DUF559 DUF790 DUF91 DUF911 EcoRI EcoRII-C eIF-3_zeta Endonuc-BglII Endonuc-BsobI Endonuc-EcoRV Endonuc-FokI_C Endonuc-HincII Endonuc-MspI Endonuc-PvuII Endonuc_BglI Endonuc_Holl ERCC4 Exo5 Herpes_alk_exo Herpes_UL24 Hjc HSDR_N HSDR_N_2 L_protein_N McrBC Mrr_cat Mrr_cat_2 MutH MvaI_BcnI NaeI NARG2_C NERD NgoMIV_restric NotI PDDEXK_1 PDDEXK_2 PDDEXK_3 PDDEXK_4 PDDEXK_5 Pet127 Phage_endo_I R-HINP1I RAI1 RAP RE_AlwI RE_ApaLI RE_Bpu10I RE_Bsp6I RE_CfrBI RE_Eco47II RE_EcoO109I RE_HaeII RE_HindIII RE_HindVP RE_HpaII RE_LlaJI RE_LlaMI RE_MjaI RE_NgoBV RE_NgoPII RE_SacI RE_ScaI RE_SinI RE_TaqI RE_TdeIII RE_XamI RE_XcyI RecU RestrictionMunI RestrictionSfiI RmuC RNA_pol_Rpb5_N Sen15 SfsA TBPIP_N ThaI Tn7_Tnp_TnsA_N Transposase_31 tRNA_int_endo Tsp45I Uma2 UPF0102 VirArc_Nuclease VRR_NUC Vsr XhoI XisH YaeQ YqaJ
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Author:||Mistry J, Sammut SJ|
|Number in seed:||14|
|Number in full:||145|
|Average length of the domain:||164.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||40 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||44.93 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||6|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the EcoRII-C domain has been found. There are 13 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...