Summary: Bacteriophage T4 beta-glucosyltransferase
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DNA beta-glucosyltransferase Edit Wikipedia article
|PDB structures||RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum|
In enzymology, a DNA beta-glucosyltransferase (EC 126.96.36.199) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction in which a beta-D-glucosyl residue is transferred from UDP-glucose to an hydroxymethylcytosine residue in DNA. It is analogous to the enzyme DNA alpha-glucosyltransferase.
This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, specifically the hexosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-glucose:DNA beta-D-glucosyltransferase. Other names in common use include T4-HMC-beta-glucosyl transferase, T4-beta-glucosyl transferase, T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase, UDP glucose-DNA beta-glucosyltransferase, and uridine diphosphoglucose-deoxyribonucleate beta-glucosyltransferase.
As of late 2007, 20 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1BGT, 1BGU, 1C3J, 1IXY, 1J39, 1JEJ, 1JG6, 1JG7, 1JIU, 1JIV, 1JIX, 1M5R, 1NVK, 1NZD, 1NZF, 1QKJ, 1SXP, 1SXQ, 2BGT, and 2BGU.
Bacteriophage T4 beta-glucosyltransferase
ternary complex of t4 phage bgt with udp and a 13 mer dna duplex
In molecular biology,Bacteriophage T4 beta-glucosyltransferase refers to a protein domain found in a virus of Escherichia coli named bacteriophage T4. Members of this family are enzymes encoded by bacteriophage T4, which modify DNA by transferring glucose from uridine diphosphoglucose to 5-hydroxymethyl cytosine bases of phage T4 DNA.
Beta-glucosyltransferase is an enzyme, or more specifically an inverting glycosyltransferase(GT). In other words, it transfers glucose from uridine diphospho-glucose (UDPglucose)to an acceptor, modified DNA through beta-Glycosidic bond. The role of the enzyme is to protect the infecting viral DNA from the bacteria's restriction enzymes. Glucosylation prevents the virus DNA from being cut up. Furthermore, glucosylation may aid gene expression of the bacteriophage by influencing transcription.
- Moréra S, Larivière L, Kurzeck J, Aschke-Sonnenborn U, Freemont PS, Janin J, Rüger W (August 2001). "High resolution crystal structures of T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase: induced fit and effect of substrate and metal binding". J. Mol. Biol. 311 (3): 569–77. doi:10.1006/jmbi.2001.4905. PMID 11493010.
- Larivière L, Gueguen-Chaignon V, Moréra S (2003). "Crystal structures of the T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase and the D100A mutant in complex with UDP-glucose: glucose binding and identification of the catalytic base for a direct displacement mechanism". J Mol Biol. 330 (5): 1077–86. doi:10.1016/s0022-2836(03)00635-1. PMID 12860129.
- Moréra S, Imberty A, Aschke-Sonnenborn U, Rüger W, Freemont PS (1999). "T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase: substrate binding and proposed catalytic mechanism". J Mol Biol. 292 (3): 717–30. doi:10.1006/jmbi.1999.3094. PMID 10497034.
- Moréra S, Larivière L, Kurzeck J, Aschke-Sonnenborn U, Freemont PS, Janin J, et al. (2001). "High resolution crystal structures of T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase: induced fit and effect of substrate and metal binding". J Mol Biol. 311 (3): 569–77. doi:10.1006/jmbi.2001.4905. PMID 11493010.
- Kornberg SR, Zimmerman SB & Kornberg A (1961). "Glucosylation of deoxyribonucleic acid by enzymes from bacteriophage-infected Escherichia coli". J. Biol. Chem. 236: 1487–1493.
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Bacteriophage T4 beta-glucosyltransferase Provide feedback
Members of this family are DNA-modifying enzymes encoded by bacteriophage T4 that transfer glucose from uridine diphosphoglucose to 5-hydroxymethyl cytosine bases of phage T4 DNA .
Morera S, Lariviere L, Kurzeck J, Aschke-Sonnenborn U, Freemont PS, Janin J, Ruger W; , J Mol Biol. 2001;311:569-577.: High resolution crystal structures of T4 phage beta-glucosyltransferase: induced fit and effect of substrate and metal binding. PUBMED:11493010 EPMC:11493010
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR015281
Members of this family include DNA-modifying enzymes encoded by bacteriophage T4 that catalyses the transfer of glucose (Glc) from uridine diphosphoglucose (UDP-Glc) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-HMC) in double-stranded DNA [PUBMED:11493010]. It is involved in a DNA modification process to protect the phage genome against its own nucleases and the host restriction endonuclease system [PUBMED:22229759].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||DNA beta-glucosyltransferase activity (GO:0033821)|
|Biological process||restriction-modification system evasion by virus (GO:0099018)|
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This is the GT-B clan that contains diverse glycosyltransferases that possess a Rossmann like fold .
The clan contains the following 46 members:AGT ALG11_N Alg14 Asp1 Capsule_synth DUF1205 DUF1972 DUF3492 DUF354 Epimerase_2 FucT_N Glyco_tran_28_C Glyco_trans_1_2 Glyco_trans_1_3 Glyco_trans_1_4 Glyco_trans_4_2 Glyco_trans_4_3 Glyco_trans_4_4 Glyco_trans_4_5 Glyco_transf_10 Glyco_transf_20 Glyco_transf_28 Glyco_transf_4 Glyco_transf_41 Glyco_transf_5 Glyco_transf_52 Glyco_transf_56 Glyco_transf_9 Glyco_transf_90 Glycogen_syn Glycos_transf_1 Glycos_transf_N Glyphos_transf LpxB MGDG_synth Mito_fiss_Elm1 NodZ O-FucT Phosphorylase PIGA PM0188 PS_pyruv_trans SUA5 Sucrose_synth T4-Gluco-transf UDPGT
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|Number in seed:||1|
|Number in full:||5|
|Average length of the domain:||38.00 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||71 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||10.70 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 45638612 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||10|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the T4-Gluco-transf domain has been found. There are 24 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein sequence.
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