Summary: Mitochondrial 28S ribosomal protein S27
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Mitochondrial 28S ribosomal protein S27 Provide feedback
Members of this family of small ribosomal proteins possess one of three conserved blocks of sequence found in proteins that stimulate the dissociation of guanine nucleotides from G-proteins, leaving open the possibility that MRP-S27 might be a functional partner of GTP-binding ribosomal proteins .
Koc EC, Burkhart W, Blackburn K, Koc H, Moseley A, Spremulli LL; , Protein Sci. 2001;10:471-481.: Identification of four proteins from the small subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome using a proteomics approach. PUBMED:11344316 EPMC:11344316
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR019266
Ribosomes are the particles that catalyse mRNA-directed protein synthesis in all organisms. The codons of the mRNA are exposed on the ribosome to allow tRNA binding. This leads to the incorporation of amino acids into the growing polypeptide chain in accordance with the genetic information. Incoming amino acid monomers enter the ribosomal A site in the form of aminoacyl-tRNAs complexed with elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) and GTP. The growing polypeptide chain, situated in the P site as peptidyl-tRNA, is then transferred to aminoacyl-tRNA and the new peptidyl-tRNA, extended by one residue, is translocated to the P site with the aid the elongation factor G (EF-G) and GTP as the deacylated tRNA is released from the ribosome through one or more exit sites [PUBMED:11297922, PUBMED:11290319]. About 2/3 of the mass of the ribosome consists of RNA and 1/3 of protein. The proteins are named in accordance with the subunit of the ribosome which they belong to - the small (S1 to S31) and the large (L1 to L44). Usually they decorate the rRNA cores of the subunits.
Many ribosomal proteins, particularly those of the large subunit, are composed of a globular, surfaced-exposed domain with long finger-like projections that extend into the rRNA core to stabilise its structure. Most of the proteins interact with multiple RNA elements, often from different domains. In the large subunit, about 1/3 of the 23S rRNA nucleotides are at least in van der Waal's contact with protein, and L22 interacts with all six domains of the 23S rRNA. Proteins S4 and S7, which initiate assembly of the 16S rRNA, are located at junctions of five and four RNA helices, respectively. In this way proteins serve to organise and stabilise the rRNA tertiary structure. While the crucial activities of decoding and peptide transfer are RNA based, proteins play an active role in functions that may have evolved to streamline the process of protein synthesis. In addition to their function in the ribosome, many ribosomal proteins have some function 'outside' the ribosome [PUBMED:11290319, PUBMED:11114498].
This entry represents a family of small ribosomal proteins possessing one of three conserved sequence blocks found in proteins that stimulate the dissociation of guanine nucleotides from G-proteins. This leaves open the possibility that they may be functional partners of GTP-binding ribosomal proteins [PUBMED:11344316].
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Tetratricopeptide-like repeats are found in a numerous and diverse proteins involved in such functions as cell cycle regulation, transcriptional control, mitochondrial and peroxisomal protein transport, neurogenesis and protein folding.
The clan contains the following 117 members:Adaptin_N Alkyl_sulf_dimr Apc3 Apc5 API5 Arm Arm_2 Avirulence BTAD CAS_CSE1 ChAPs CLASP_N Clathrin Clathrin-link Clathrin_propel Cnd1 Cnd3 Coatomer_E Cohesin_HEAT Cohesin_load CRM1_C Cse1 DNA_alkylation Drf_FH3 Drf_GBD DUF1822 DUF2225 DUF3385 DUF3458 DUF3808 DUF3856 EST1_DNA_bind FAT Fis1_TPR_C Fis1_TPR_N Foie-gras_1 GUN4 HAT HEAT HEAT_2 HEAT_EZ HEAT_PBS HemY_N IBB IBN_N IFRD KAP Leuk-A4-hydro_C LRV LRV_FeS MA3 MIF4G MIF4G_like MIF4G_like_2 MMS19_C Mo25 MRP-S27 NARP1 Neurochondrin Nro1 NSF Paf67 ParcG PC_rep PHAT PI3Ka PPP5 PPR PPR_1 PPR_2 PPR_3 Proteasom_PSMB PUF Rab5-bind Rapsyn_N RPN7 Sel1 SHNi-TPR SNAP SPO22 ST7 Suf SusD SusD-like SusD-like_2 SusD-like_3 Tcf25 TOM20_plant TPR_1 TPR_10 TPR_11 TPR_12 TPR_14 TPR_15 TPR_16 TPR_17 TPR_18 TPR_19 TPR_2 TPR_20 TPR_21 TPR_3 TPR_4 TPR_5 TPR_6 TPR_7 TPR_8 TPR_9 Upf2 V-ATPase_H_C V-ATPase_H_N Vac14_Fab1_bd Vitellogenin_N Vps39_1 W2 Xpo1 YfiO
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||KOGs (KOG4570)|
|Author:||KOGs, Finn RD, Sammut SJ|
|Number in seed:||8|
|Number in full:||150|
|Average length of the domain:||316.00 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||26 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||84.07 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||4|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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