Summary: Serpentine type 7TM GPCR chemoreceptor Str
Serpentine type 7TM GPCR chemoreceptor Str Provide feedback
Chemoreception is mediated in Caenorhabditis elegans by members of the seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor class (7TM GPCRs) of proteins which are of the serpentine type . Str is a member of the Str superfamily of chemoreceptors. Almost a quarter (22.5%) of str and srj family genes and pseudogenes in C. elegans appear to have been newly formed by gene duplications since the species split . Chemoperception is one of the central senses of soil nematodes like C. elegans which are otherwise 'blind' and 'deaf' .
Troemel ER, Chou JH, Dwyer ND, Colbert HA, Bargmann CI; , Cell 1995;83:207-218.: Divergent seven transmembrane receptors are candidate chemosensory receptors in C. elegans. PUBMED:7585938 EPMC:7585938
Robertson HM; , Chem Senses. 2001;26:151-159.: Updating the str and srj (stl) families of chemoreceptors in Caenorhabditis nematodes reveals frequent gene movement within and between chromosomes. PUBMED:11238245 EPMC:11238245
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR019428
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute a vast protein family that encompasses a wide range of functions, including various autocrine, paracrine and endocrine processes. They show considerable diversity at the sequence level, on the basis of which they can be separated into distinct groups [PUBMED:12679517]. The term clan can be used to describe the GPCRs, as they embrace a group of families for which there are indications of evolutionary relationship, but between which there is no statistically significant similarity in sequence [PUBMED:8170923]. The currently known clan members include rhodopsin-like GPCRs (Class A, GPCRA), secretin-like GPCRs (Class B, GPCRB), metabotropic glutamate receptor family (Class C, GPCRC), fungal mating pheromone receptors (Class D, GPCRD), cAMP receptors (Class E, GPCRE) and frizzled/smoothened (Class F, GPCRF) [PUBMED:8170923, PUBMED:8081729, PUBMED:15914470, PUBMED:18948278, PUBMED:16753280]. GPCRs are major drug targets, and are consequently the subject of considerable research interest. It has been reported that the repertoire of GPCRs for endogenous ligands consists of approximately 400 receptors in humans and mice [PUBMED:12679517]. Most GPCRs are identified on the basis of their DNA sequences, rather than the ligand they bind, those that are unmatched to known natural ligands are designated by as orphan GPCRs, or unclassified GPCRs [PUBMED:23020293].
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans has only 14 types of chemosensory neuron, yet is able to sense and respond to several hundred different chemicals because each neuron detects several stimuli [PUBMED:10580986]. Chemoperception is one of the central senses of soil nematodes like C. elegans which are otherwise 'blind' and 'deaf' [PUBMED:18050473]. Chemoreception in C. elegans is mediated by members of the seven-transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor class (7TM GPCRs). More than 1300 potential chemoreceptor genes have been identified in C. elegans, which are generally prefixed sr for serpentine receptor. The receptor superfamilies include Sra (Sra, Srb, Srab, Sre), Str (Srh, Str, Sri, Srd, Srj, Srm, Srn) and Srg (Srx, Srt, Srg, Sru, Srv, Srxa), as well as the families Srw, Srz, Srbc, Srsx and Srr [PUBMED:7585938, PUBMED:18050473, PUBMED:15618405]. Many of these proteins have homologues in Caenorhabditis briggsae.
This entry represents serpentine receptor class r (Str) from the Str superfamily [PUBMED:18050473, PUBMED:9582190]. Almost a quarter (22.5%) of str and srj family genes and pseudogenes in C. elegans appear to have been newly formed by gene duplications since the species split [PUBMED:11238245].
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This clan contains various seven-transmembrane receptors and related proteins. A major member is Pfam:PF00001, members of which have been considered to be typical members of the rhodopsin superfamily. Many members of this clan are Caenorhabditis proteins, suggesting great expansion of the relevant families in these nematode worms.
The clan contains the following 36 members:7TM-7TMR_HD 7tm_1 7tm_2 7tm_3 7tm_4 7TM_GPCR_Sra 7TM_GPCR_Srab 7TM_GPCR_Srb 7TM_GPCR_Srbc 7TM_GPCR_Srd 7TM_GPCR_Srh 7TM_GPCR_Sri 7TM_GPCR_Srj 7TM_GPCR_Srsx 7TM_GPCR_Srt 7TM_GPCR_Sru 7TM_GPCR_Srv 7TM_GPCR_Srw 7TM_GPCR_Srx 7TM_GPCR_Srz 7TM_GPCR_Str Bac_rhodopsin Dicty_CAR DUF1182 DUF621 Frizzled Git3 Git3_C GpcrRhopsn4 Lung_7-TM_R Ocular_alb Serpentine_r_xa Sre Srg TAS2R V1R
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Thomas JH, Robertson H|
|Author:||Thomas JH, Robertson H, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||170|
|Number in full:||1588|
|Average length of the domain:||220.50 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||20 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||81.84 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||5|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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