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30  structures 397  species 6  interactions 1935  sequences 50  architectures

Family: Cullin_Nedd8 (PF10557)

Summary: Cullin protein neddylation domain

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Cullin Edit Wikipedia article

Cullin
PDB 1ldk EBI.jpg
structure of the cul1-rbx1-skp1-f boxskp2 scf ubiquitin ligase complex
Identifiers
Symbol Cullin
Pfam PF00888
InterPro IPR001373
PROSITE PDOC00967
SCOP 1ldj
SUPERFAMILY 1ldj
Cullin protein neddylation domain
PDB 1ldk EBI.jpg
structure of the cul1-rbx1-skp1-f boxskp2 scf ubiquitin ligase complex
Identifiers
Symbol Cullin_Nedd8
Pfam PF10557
InterPro IPR019559

Cullins are a family of hydrophobic proteins providing a scaffold for ubiquitin ligases (E3). All eukaryotes appear to have cullins. They combine with RING proteins to form Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs) that are highly diverse and play a role in myriad cellular processes.[1]

The human genome contains eight cullin genes

There is also a more distant member called ANAPC2 (or APC2), part of the Anaphase-promoting complex.

CUL1, 2, 3, 4A, 4B, 5 and 7 each form part of a multi-subunit ubiquitin complex.

Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases

Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs), such as Cul1 (SCF) play an essential role in targeting proteins for ubiquitin-mediated destruction; as such, they are diverse in terms of composition and function, regulating many different processes from glucose sensing and DNA replication to limb patterning and circadian rhythms.[2] The catalytic core of CRLs consists of a RING protein and a cullin family member. For Cul1, the C-terminal cullin-homology domain binds the RING protein. The RING protein appears to function as a docking site for ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s). Other proteins contain a cullin-homology domain, such as CUL9, also known as p53 cytoplasmic anchor PARC, and the ANAPC2 subunit of the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome; both CUL9 and ANAPC2 have ubiquitin ligase activity. The N-terminal region of cullins is more variable, and is used to interact with specific adaptor proteins.[3][4][5]

Modification by NEDD8

With the exception of ANAPC2, each member of the cullin family is modified by Nedd8 and several cullins function in Ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis, a process in which the 26S proteasome recognises and subsequently degrades a target protein tagged with K48-linked poly-ubiquitin chains. Nedd8/Rub1 is a small ubiquitin-like protein, which was originally found to be conjugated to Cdc53, a cullin component of the SCF (Skp1-Cdc53/CUL1-F-box protein) E3 Ub ligase complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Baker's yeast), and Nedd8 modification has now emerged as a regulatory pathway of fundamental importance for cell cycle control and for embryogenesis in metazoans. The only identified Nedd8 substrates are cullins. Neddylation results in covalent conjugation of a Nedd8 moiety onto a conserved cullin lysine residue.[6]

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Kipreos ET, Lander LE, Wing JP, He WW, Hedgecock EM (June 1996). "cul-1 is required for cell cycle exit in C. elegans and identifies a novel gene family". Cell 85 (6): 829–39. doi:10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81267-2. PMID 8681378. 
  3. ^ Petroski MD, Deshaies RJ (January 2005). "Function and regulation of cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases". Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 6 (1): 9–20. doi:10.1038/nrm1547. PMID 15688063. 
  4. ^ Zheng N, Schulman BA, Song L, Miller JJ, Jeffrey PD, Wang P, Chu C, Koepp DM, Elledge SJ, Pagano M, Conaway RC, Conaway JW, Harper JW, Pavletich NP (April 2002). "Structure of the Cul1-Rbx1-Skp1-F boxSkp2 SCF ubiquitin ligase complex". Nature 416 (6882): 703–9. doi:10.1038/416703a. PMID 11961546. 
  5. ^ Goldenberg SJ, Cascio TC, Shumway SD, Garbutt KC, Liu J, Xiong Y, Zheng N (November 2004). "Structure of the Cand1-Cul1-Roc1 complex reveals regulatory mechanisms for the assembly of the multisubunit cullin-dependent ubiquitin ligases". Cell 119 (4): 517–28. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2004.10.019. PMID 15537541. 
  6. ^ Pan ZQ, Kentsis A, Dias DC, Yamoah K, Wu K (March 2004). "Nedd8 on cullin: building an expressway to protein destruction". Oncogene 23 (11): 1985–97. doi:10.1038/sj.onc.1207414. PMID 15021886. 

External links

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR001373

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR019559


This page is based on a Wikipedia article. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Cullin protein neddylation domain Provide feedback

This is the neddylation site of cullin proteins which are a family of structurally related proteins containing an evolutionarily conserved cullin domain. With the exception of APC2, each member of the cullin family is modified by Nedd8 and several cullins function in Ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis, a process in which the 26S proteasome recognises and subsequently degrades a target protein tagged with K48-linked poly-ubiquitin chains. Cullins are molecular scaffolds responsible for assembling the ROC1/Rbx1 RING-based E3 ubiquitin ligases, of which several play a direct role in tumorigenesis. Nedd8/Rub1 is a small ubiquitin-like protein, which was originally found to be conjugated to Cdc53, a cullin component of the SCF (Skp1-Cdc53/CUL1-F-box protein) E3 Ub ligase complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, and Nedd8 modification has now emerged as a regulatory pathway of fundamental importance for cell cycle control and for embryogenesis in metazoans. The only identified Nedd8 substrates are cullins. Neddylation results in covalent conjugation of a Nedd8 moiety onto a conserved cullin lysine residue [1].

Literature references

  1. Pan ZQ, Kentsis A, Dias DC, Yamoah K, Wu K; , Oncogene. 2004;23:1985-1997.: Nedd8 on cullin: building an expressway to protein destruction. PUBMED:15021886 EPMC:15021886


This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

InterPro entry IPR019559

This is the neddylation site of cullin proteins, which are a family of structurally related proteins containing an evolutionarily conserved cullin domain. With the exception of APC2, each member of the cullin family is modified by Nedd8 and several cullins function in Ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis, a process in which the 26S proteasome recognises and subsequently degrades a target protein tagged with K48-linked poly-ubiquitin chains. Cullins are molecular scaffolds responsible for assembling the ROC1/Rbx1 RING-based E3 ubiquitin ligases, of which several play a direct role in tumorigenesis. Nedd8/Rub1 is a small ubiquitin-like protein, which was originally found to be conjugated to Cdc53, a cullin component of the SCF (Skp1-Cdc53/CUL1-F-box protein) E3 Ub ligase complex in Saccharomyces cerevisiae (Baker's yeast), and Nedd8 modification has now emerged as a regulatory pathway of fundamental importance for cell cycle control and for embryogenesis in metazoans. The only identified Nedd8 substrates are cullins. Neddylation results in covalent conjugation of a Nedd8 moiety onto a conserved cullin lysine residue [PUBMED:15021886].

Gene Ontology

The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan HTH (CL0123), which has the following description:

This family contains a diverse range of mostly DNA-binding domains that contain a helix-turn-helix motif.

The clan contains the following 254 members:

AbiEi_3_N AbiEi_4 ANAPC2 AphA_like Arg_repressor ARID B-block_TFIIIC Bac_DnaA_C BetR Bot1p BrkDBD Cdc6_C CENP-B_N Cro Crp CSN8_PSD8_EIF3K Cullin_Nedd8 CUT DDRGK DEP Dimerisation Dimerisation2 DsrD DUF1133 DUF1153 DUF1323 DUF134 DUF1441 DUF1492 DUF1495 DUF1670 DUF1804 DUF1836 DUF1870 DUF2089 DUF2250 DUF2316 DUF2582 DUF3116 DUF3253 DUF3853 DUF3860 DUF3908 DUF433 DUF4364 DUF4447 DUF480 DUF739 DUF742 DUF977 E2F_TDP EAP30 ELL ESCRT-II Ets Exc F-112 FaeA Fe_dep_repr_C Fe_dep_repress FeoC FokI_C FokI_N Forkhead Ftsk_gamma FUR GcrA GerE GntR HARE-HTH HemN_C HNF-1_N Homeobox Homeobox_KN Homez HPD HrcA_DNA-bdg HSF_DNA-bind HTH_1 HTH_10 HTH_11 HTH_12 HTH_13 HTH_15 HTH_16 HTH_17 HTH_18 HTH_19 HTH_20 HTH_21 HTH_22 HTH_23 HTH_24 HTH_25 HTH_26 HTH_27 HTH_28 HTH_29 HTH_3 HTH_30 HTH_31 HTH_32 HTH_33 HTH_34 HTH_35 HTH_36 HTH_37 HTH_38 HTH_39 HTH_40 HTH_41 HTH_42 HTH_43 HTH_45 HTH_46 HTH_47 HTH_5 HTH_6 HTH_7 HTH_8 HTH_9 HTH_AraC HTH_AsnC-type HTH_CodY HTH_Crp_2 HTH_DeoR HTH_IclR HTH_Mga HTH_micro HTH_OrfB_IS605 HTH_psq HTH_Tnp_1 HTH_Tnp_1_2 HTH_Tnp_4 HTH_Tnp_IS1 HTH_Tnp_IS630 HTH_Tnp_ISL3 HTH_Tnp_Mu_1 HTH_Tnp_Mu_2 HTH_Tnp_Tc3_1 HTH_Tnp_Tc3_2 HTH_Tnp_Tc5 HTH_WhiA HxlR IBD IF2_N IRF KicB KORA KorB La LacI LexA_DNA_bind Linker_histone LZ_Tnp_IS481 MADF_DNA_bdg MarR MarR_2 MerR MerR-DNA-bind MerR_1 MerR_2 Mga Mnd1 Mor MotA_activ MqsA_antitoxin MRP-L20 Myb_DNA-bind_2 Myb_DNA-bind_3 Myb_DNA-bind_4 Myb_DNA-bind_5 Myb_DNA-bind_6 Myb_DNA-bind_7 Myb_DNA-binding Neugrin NUMOD1 OST-HTH P22_Cro PaaX PadR PAX PCI Penicillinase_R Phage_AlpA Phage_antitermQ Phage_CI_repr Phage_CII Phage_rep_org_N Phage_terminase Pou Pox_D5 PuR_N Put_DNA-bind_N Rap1-DNA-bind Rep_3 RepA_C RepA_N RepC RepL Replic_Relax RFX_DNA_binding Ribosomal_S19e Ribosomal_S25 Rio2_N RNA_pol_Rpc34 RP-C RPA RPA_C RQC Rrf2 RTP RuvB_C SAC3_GANP SANT_DAMP1_like SatD SelB-wing_1 SelB-wing_2 SelB-wing_3 SgrR_N Sigma54_CBD Sigma54_DBD Sigma70_ECF Sigma70_ner Sigma70_r2 Sigma70_r3 Sigma70_r4 Sigma70_r4_2 SLIDE SMC_ScpB SpoIIID STN1_2 Sulfolobus_pRN SWIRM TBPIP Terminase_5 TetR_N TFIIE_alpha TFIIE_beta TFIIF_alpha TFIIF_beta Tn7_Tnp_TnsA_C Tn916-Xis TraI_2_C Trans_reg_C TrfA TrmB Trp_repressor UPF0122 Vir_act_alpha_C YdaS_antitoxin YjcQ YokU z-alpha

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the UniProtKB sequence database, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(412)
Full
(1935)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(4063)
NCBI
(4739)
Meta
(15)
RP15
(581)
RP35
(1066)
RP55
(1543)
RP75
(1855)
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PP/heatmap 1 View               

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(412)
Full
(1935)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(4063)
NCBI
(4739)
Meta
(15)
RP15
(581)
RP35
(1066)
RP55
(1543)
RP75
(1855)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(412)
Full
(1935)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(4063)
NCBI
(4739)
Meta
(15)
RP15
(581)
RP35
(1066)
RP55
(1543)
RP75
(1855)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download  

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: PROSITE_PS01256
Previous IDs: none
Type: Domain
Author: Finn R, Coggill P
Number in seed: 412
Number in full: 1935
Average length of the domain: 62.60 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 44 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 7.59 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 11927849 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 26.3 26.3
Trusted cut-off 26.3 26.6
Noise cut-off 26.2 26.1
Model length: 63
Family (HMM) version: 6
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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Archea Archea Eukaryota Eukaryota
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Viroids Viroids Unclassified sequence Unclassified sequence

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Interactions

There are 6 interactions for this family. More...

Cullin ubiquitin zf-rbx1 Cullin_Nedd8 zf-rbx1 Cullin_binding

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Cullin_Nedd8 domain has been found. There are 30 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

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