Protoglobin Provide feedback
This family includes protoglobin from Methanosarcina acetivorans C2A. It is also found near the N-terminus of the Haem-based aerotactic transducer HemAT in Bacillus subtilis (O07621). It is part of the haemoglobin superfamily. Protoglobin has specific loops and an amino-terminal extension which leads to the burying of the haem within the matrix of the protein. Protoglobin-specific apolar tunnels allow the access of O2, CO and NO to the haem distal site . In HemAT it acts as an oxygen sensor domain .
Nardini M, Pesce A, Thijs L, Saito JA, Dewilde S, Alam M, Ascenzi P, Coletta M, Ciaccio C, Moens L, Bolognesi M; , EMBO Rep. 2008;9:157-163.: Archaeal protoglobin structure indicates new ligand diffusion paths and modulation of haem-reactivity. PUBMED:18188182 EPMC:18188182
Internal database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
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- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the UniProtKB sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Pollington J, Eberhardt R|
|Number in seed:||79|
|Number in full:||1331|
|Average length of the domain:||160.90 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||18 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||39.74 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 26740544 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||7|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
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There is 1 interaction for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Protoglobin domain has been found. There are 59 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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