Summary: T surface-antigen of pili
The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.
T surface-antigen of pili Provide feedback
The FCT and equivalent region genes of Streptococcus pyogenes and other related bacteria encode surface proteins that include fibronectin- and collagen-binding proteins and the serological markers known as T antigens. Some of these proteins give rise to pilus-like appendages . The FctA family is found in many Firmicutes and related bacteria. In S. pyogenes, the pili have a role in bacterial adherence and colonisation of human tissues .
Manetti AG, Zingaretti C, Falugi F, Capo S, Bombaci M, Bagnoli F, Gambellini G, Bensi G, Mora M, Edwards AM, Musser JM, Graviss EA, Telford JL, Grandi G, Margarit I;, Mol Microbiol. 2007;64:968-983.: Streptococcus pyogenes pili promote pharyngeal cell adhesion and biofilm formation. PUBMED:17501921 EPMC:17501921
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR022464
This entry describes a domain that occurs once in the major pilin of Streptococcus pyogenes, Spy0128, but in higher copy numbers in other streptococcal and related bacteria proteins. The domain occurs nine times in a surface-anchored protein of Bifidobacterium longum. All members of this family have LPXTG-type sortase target sequences. The Streptococcus pyogenes major pilin has been shown to undergo isopeptide bond cross-linking, mediated by sortases, that are critical to maintaining pilus structural integrity. One such Lys-to-Asn isopeptide bond is to a near-invariant Asn near the C-terminal end of this domain. A Glu in the S. pyogenes major pilin, invariant as Glu or Gln, is described as catalytic for isopeptide bond formation [PUBMED:19497855].
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
This clan unifies several SCOP superfamilies that all share a 7 stranded beta sandwich fold.
The clan contains the following 18 members:Antigen_C CarbopepD_reg_2 CarboxypepD_reg Cna_B Dioxygenase_C DUF1416 DUF2012 DUF2606 DUF3823 DUF3869 FctA fn3_3 GramPos_pilinBB GramPos_pilinD3 PEGA phage_tail_N Transthyretin TTR-52
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||12|
|Number in full:||3187|
|Average length of the domain:||86.40 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||26 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||25.20 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild --amino -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||3|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
There is 1 interaction for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the FctA domain has been found. There are 9 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...