Summary: Capsule biosynthesis CapC
Capsule biosynthesis CapC Provide feedback
This family of proteins play a role in capsule biosynthesis. They are essential for gamma-polyglutamic acid (PGA) production .
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR008338
Bacillus spp. are Gram-positive aerobic rods that are able to form endo-spores that allow them to survive in almost any environment. The many different species exhibit a wide variation of physiological abilities, their spores being resistant, for example, to heat, cold, disinfection and radiation. However, the spores require oxygen to sporulate, which has important consequences. Of particular interest to researchers are Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis, all extremely pathogenic microbes that owe their virulence to the exotoxins they secrete and to the extracellular polypeptide and polysaccharide capsules that protect them from the host immune system [PUBMED:2536679].
The capsule of B. anthracis is composed of poly-D-glutamic acid, which is the principal non-toxin virulence factor of the bacterium. It is believed to inhibit host defence via evasion of macrophages, and, in conjunction with the lethal anthrax and oedema toxin, spreads rapidly through the host [PUBMED:2536679]. Three virulence plasmid-associated enzymes are responsible for the synthesis of the capsule, termed CapA, CapB and CapC. The "cap" region is found on the B. anthracis pX02 plasmid, and is transcriptionally regulated by cytoplasmic levels of bicarbonate.
Further analysis of the two major B. anthracis virulence plasmids (pX02 and pX01) has revealed that transcription and translation of the cap synthesis enzymes in pX02 is essential for activation of pX01, which carries the pag, lef and cya exotoxin genes [PUBMED:8945528]. It is believed that, together with CapB and CapC, CapA forms a polyglutamyl sythetase complex to produce the mature polyglutamate capsule. In addition, it has been suggested that CapC is the complex's endogenous acceptor of glutamyl residues.
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|Cellular component||membrane (GO:0016020)|
|Biological process||capsule polysaccharide biosynthetic process (GO:0045227)|
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|Number in seed:||31|
|Number in full:||208|
|Average length of the domain:||120.40 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||43 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||66.61 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||1|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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