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0  structures 86  species 0  interactions 207  sequences 6  architectures

Family: OTT_1508_deam (PF14441)

Summary: OTT_1508-like deaminase

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OTT_1508-like deaminase Provide feedback

A member of the nucleic acid/nucleotide deaminase superfamily prototyped by Orientia OTT_1508 [1]. Members of this family are present in a wide phyletic range of bacteria,including several intracellular parasites and eukaryotes such as fungi, Leishmania, Selaginella, and some apicomplexa. In bacteria, these deaminases are predicted to function as toxins in bacterial polymorphic toxin systems [1]. Versions in intracellular bacteria lack immunity proteins and are likely to be deployed against their eukaryotic hosts. Eukaryotic versions are predicted to function as nucleic acid (either DNA or RNA) deaminases. Among eukaryotes, some fungi show lineage-specific expansions of this family. Many fungal versions are fused to a distinct N-terminal globular domain. Various fungal versions are fused to domains involved in chromatin function. Apicomplexan versions are fused to tRNA guanine transglycosylase domain [1].

Literature references

  1. Iyer LM, Zhang D, Rogozin IB, Aravind L;, Nucleic Acids Res. 2011; [Epub ahead of print]: Evolution of the deaminase fold and multiple origins of eukaryotic editing and mutagenic nucleic acid deaminases from bacterial toxin systems. PUBMED:21890906 EPMC:21890906


External database links

This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

No InterPro data for this Pfam family.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

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Pfam Clan

This family is a member of clan CDA (CL0109), which has the following description:

This clan contains both free nucleotide and nucleic acid deaminases that act on adenosine, cytosine, guanine and cytidine, and are collectively known as the deaminase superfamily. The conserved fold consists of a three-layered alpha/beta/alpha structure with 3 helices and 4 strands in the 2134 order [1,2].This superfamily is further divided into two major divisions based on the presence of a helix (helix-4) that renders the terminal strands (strands 4 and 5) either parallel to each other in its presence, or anti-parallel in its absence [2]. Structurally, the deaminase-like fold is present in four other superfamilies including the JAB-like metalloproteins, the C-terminal AICAR transformylase-catalyzing domains of PurH, Tm1506 and the formate dehydrogenase accessory subunit FdhD. The active site of the deaminases is composed of three residues that coordinate a zinc ion between conserved helices 2 and 3. The residues are typically found as [HCD]xE and CxxC motifs at the beginning of helices 2 and 3. The zinc ion activates a water molecule, which forms a tetrahderal intermediate with the carbon atom that is linked to the amine group. This is followed by deamination of the base.

The clan contains the following 16 members:

A_deamin AICARFT_IMPCHas APOBEC_C APOBEC_N Bd3614-deam dCMP_cyt_deam_1 dCMP_cyt_deam_2 DYW_deaminase LmjF365940-deam MafB19-deam OTT_1508_deam Pput2613-deam SCP1201-deam Toxin-deaminase XOO_2897-deam YwqJ-deaminase

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(23)
Full
(207)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(219)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(35)
RP35
(93)
RP55
(140)
RP75
(171)
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(23)
Full
(207)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(219)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(35)
RP35
(93)
RP55
(140)
RP75
(171)
Alignment:
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Sequence:
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We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(23)
Full
(207)
Representative proteomes NCBI
(219)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(35)
RP35
(93)
RP55
(140)
RP75
(171)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download    
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download    

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

External links

MyHits provides a collection of tools to handle multiple sequence alignments. For example, one can refine a seed alignment (sequence addition or removal, re-alignment or manual edition) and then search databases for remote homologs using HMMER3.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

Seed source: Manual
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: Iyer LM, Zhang D, Aravind L, Eberhardt R
Number in seed: 23
Number in full: 207
Average length of the domain: 165.50 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 15 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 29.16 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 25.0 25.0
Trusted cut-off 25.1 25.4
Noise cut-off 24.8 24.4
Model length: 143
Family (HMM) version: 1
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

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