Please note: this site relies heavily on the use of javascript. Without a javascript-enabled browser, this site will not function correctly. Please enable javascript and reload the page, or switch to a different browser.
4  structures 1  species 0  interactions 2  sequences 1  architecture

Family: Mx_ML (PF17536)

Summary: Matrix and Matrix long proteins N-terminal

Pfam includes annotations and additional family information from a range of different sources. These sources can be accessed via the tabs below.

The Pfam group coordinates the annotation of Pfam families in Wikipedia, but we have not yet assigned a Wikipedia article to this family. If you think that a particular Wikipedia article provides good annotation, please let us know.

This tab holds the annotation information that is stored in the Pfam database. As we move to using Wikipedia as our main source of annotation, the contents of this tab will be gradually replaced by the Wikipedia tab.

Matrix and Matrix long proteins N-terminal Provide feedback

This entry represents the N-terminal fragment of family members such as the Matrix (Mx) and Matrix protein long (ML) proteins. They are found in Thogoto virus (THOV), a tick-transmitted orthomyxovirus with a genome consisting of six single-stranded RNA segments that encode seven structural proteins [1]. Matrix proteins of the family Orthomyxoviridae are major structural components of the viral capsid, located below the viral lipid membrane and provide protection for viral ribonucleoproteins (vRNPs) [2]. They serve as a major participant during the processes of virus invasion and budding. Furthermore, they play specific roles throughout the viral life cycle, usually by interacting with other viral components or host cellular proteins [2]. ML protein, an extended version of the viral M protein, is a viral IFN antagonist. ML is essential for virus growth and pathogenesis in an IFN-competent host. In the presence of ML the activation and/or action of the interferon regulatory factor-3 (IRF-3) is severely affected. This effect depends on direct interaction of ML with the transcription factor IIB (TFIIB). ML suppresses IRF-7 in a similar manner as it suppresses IRF-3. Studies have revealed that ML associates with IRF-7 and prevents IRF-7 dimerization and interaction with TRAF6 [1]. Structural analysis revealed that N-terminal fragment of M protein (MN) undergoes conformational changes that result in specific, pH-dependent inter-molecular interactions. Comparison of THOV MN and influenza A virus (IAV) MN region, showed low sequence identity. However, superimposition of the two structures in neutral condition, showed that both matrix proteins contain nine helices connected with same topology. Since the matrix layer of IAV disassembles in acidic endosome at the beginning of infection and repacks in the neutral cytoplasm, a change of pH might be a key regulator for the capsid assembly/disassembly transition during these processes. Hence, pH-dependent conformational transition model was studied in THOV MN, where interactions such as hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interactions are suggested to be involved in THOV matrix assembly [2].

Literature references

  1. Buettner N, Vogt C, Martinez-Sobrido L, Weber F, Waibler Z, Kochs G;, J Gen Virol. 2010;91:220-227.: Thogoto virus ML protein is a potent inhibitor of the interferon regulatory factor-7 transcription factor. PUBMED:19812269 EPMC:19812269

  2. Yang M, Feng F, Liu Y, Wang H, Yang Z, Hou W, Liang H;, J Gen Virol. 2016;97:2149-2156.: pH-dependent conformational changes of a Thogoto virus matrix protein reveal mechanisms of viral assembly and uncoating. PUBMED:27411929 EPMC:27411929


This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.

No InterPro data for this Pfam family.

Domain organisation

Below is a listing of the unique domain organisations or architectures in which this domain is found. More...

Loading domain graphics...

Alignments

We store a range of different sequence alignments for families. As well as the seed alignment from which the family is built, we provide the full alignment, generated by searching the sequence database (reference proteomes) using the family HMM. We also generate alignments using four representative proteomes (RP) sets, the UniProtKB sequence database, the NCBI sequence database, and our metagenomics sequence database. More...

View options

We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family. You can see a description of each above. You can view these alignments in various ways but please note that some types of alignment are never generated while others may not be available for all families, most commonly because the alignments are too large to handle.

  Seed
(2)
Full
(2)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(15)
NCBI
(15)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(2)
RP35
(2)
RP55
(2)
RP75
(2)
Jalview View  View  View  View  View  View  View  View   
HTML View  View               
PP/heatmap 1 View               

1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available

Key: ✓ available, x not generated, not available.

Format an alignment

  Seed
(2)
Full
(2)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(15)
NCBI
(15)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(2)
RP35
(2)
RP55
(2)
RP75
(2)
Alignment:
Format:
Order:
Sequence:
Gaps:
Download/view:

Download options

We make all of our alignments available in Stockholm format. You can download them here as raw, plain text files or as gzip-compressed files.

  Seed
(2)
Full
(2)
Representative proteomes UniProt
(15)
NCBI
(15)
Meta
(0)
RP15
(2)
RP35
(2)
RP55
(2)
RP75
(2)
Raw Stockholm Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download    
Gzipped Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download   Download    

You can also download a FASTA format file containing the full-length sequences for all sequences in the full alignment.

HMM logo

HMM logos is one way of visualising profile HMMs. Logos provide a quick overview of the properties of an HMM in a graphical form. You can see a more detailed description of HMM logos and find out how you can interpret them here. More...

Trees

This page displays the phylogenetic tree for this family's seed alignment. We use FastTree to calculate neighbour join trees with a local bootstrap based on 100 resamples (shown next to the tree nodes). FastTree calculates approximately-maximum-likelihood phylogenetic trees from our seed alignment.

Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.

Curation and family details

This section shows the detailed information about the Pfam family. You can see the definitions of many of the terms in this section in the glossary and a fuller explanation of the scoring system that we use in the scores section of the help pages.

Curation View help on the curation process

This family is new in this Pfam release.

Seed source: PRODOM:PD124289
Previous IDs: none
Type: Family
Author: El-Gebali S
Number in seed: 2
Number in full: 2
Average length of the domain: 149.00 aa
Average identity of full alignment: 100 %
Average coverage of the sequence by the domain: 52.28 %

HMM information View help on HMM parameters

HMM build commands:
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 26740544 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
Model details:
Parameter Sequence Domain
Gathering cut-off 25.0 25.0
Trusted cut-off 26.9 351.9
Noise cut-off 24.9 19.9
Model length: 149
Family (HMM) version: 1
Download: download the raw HMM for this family

Species distribution

Sunburst controls

Hide

Weight segments by...


Change the size of the sunburst

Small
Large

Colour assignments

Archea Archea Eukaryota Eukaryota
Bacteria Bacteria Other sequences Other sequences
Viruses Viruses Unclassified Unclassified
Viroids Viroids Unclassified sequence Unclassified sequence

Selections

Align selected sequences to HMM

Generate a FASTA-format file

Clear selection

This visualisation provides a simple graphical representation of the distribution of this family across species. You can find the original interactive tree in the adjacent tab. More...

Loading sunburst data...

Tree controls

Hide

The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...

Loading...

Please note: for large trees this can take some time. While the tree is loading, you can safely switch away from this tab but if you browse away from the family page entirely, the tree will not be loaded.

Structures

For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Mx_ML domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.

Loading structure mapping...