Summary: PKD domain
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PKD domain Edit Wikipedia article
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PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease) domain was first identified in the polycystic kidney disease protein, polycystin-1 (PDK1 gene), and contains an Ig-like fold consisting of a beta-sandwich of seven strands in two sheets with a Greek key topology, although some members have additional strands. Polycystin-1 is a large cell-surface glycoprotein involved in adhesive protein–protein and protein–carbohydrate interactions; however it is not clear if the PKD domain mediates any of these interactions.
PKD domains are also found in other proteins, usually in the extracellular parts of proteins involved in interactions with other proteins. For example, domains with a PKD-type fold are found in archaeal surface layer proteins that protect the cell from extreme environments, and in the human receptor SorCS2.
Human proteins containing this domain
- Bycroft M, Bateman A, Clarke J, Hamill SJ, Sandford R, Thomas RL, Chothia C (1999). "The structure of a PKD domain from polycystin-1: implications for polycystic kidney disease". EMBO J. 18 (2): 297–305. doi:10.1093/emboj/18.2.297. PMC 1171124. PMID 9889186.
- Joachimiak A, Springer TA, Zhang RG, Wang JH, Liu JH, Jing H, Takagi J, Lindgren S (2002). "Archaeal surface layer proteins contain beta propeller, PKD, and beta helix domains and are related to metazoan cell surface proteins". Structure 10 (10): 1453–1464. doi:10.1016/S0969-2126(02)00840-7. PMID 12377130.
- Hermans-Borgmeyer I, Hampe W, Schaller HC, Rezgaoui M (2001). "The genes for the human VPS10 domain-containing receptors are large and contain many small exons". Hum. Genet. 108 (6): –. doi:10.1007/s004390100504. PMID 11499680.
PKD domain Provide feedback
This domain was first identified in the Polycystic kidney disease protein PKD1. This domain has been predicted to contain an Ig-like fold .
Bycroft M, Bateman A, Clarke J, Hamill SJ, Sandford R, Thomas RL, Chothia C; , EMBO J 1999;18:297-305.: The structure of a PKD domain from polycystin-1: implications for polycystic kidney disease. PUBMED:9889186 EPMC:9889186
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000601
The PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease) domain was first identified in the Polycystic Kidney Disease protein, polycystin-1 (PDK1 gene), and contains an Ig-like fold consisting of a beta-sandwich of seven strands in two sheets with a Greek key topology, although some members have additional strands [PUBMED:9889186]. Polycystin-1 is a large cell-surface glycoprotein involved in adhesive protein-protein and protein-carbohydrate interactions; however it is not clear if the PKD domain mediates any of these interactions.
PKD domains are also found in other proteins, usually in the extracellular parts of proteins involved in interactions with other proteins. For example, domains with a PKD-type fold are found in archaeal surface layer proteins that protect the cell from extreme environments [PUBMED:12377130], and in the human VPS10 domain-containing receptor SorCS2 [PUBMED:11499680].
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This clan includes a diverse range of domains that have an Ig-like fold and appear to be distantly related to each other. The clan includes: PKD domains, cadherins and several families of bacterial Ig-like domains as well as viral tail fibre proteins. it also includes several Fibronectin type III domain-containing families.
The clan contains the following 63 members:A2M_N Alpha_adaptinC2 Big_1 Big_2 Big_3 Big_3_2 Big_3_3 Big_3_4 Big_4 Big_5 BiPBP_C BsuPI Cadherin Cadherin-like Cadherin_2 Cadherin_pro CARDB CHB_HEX_C CHB_HEX_C_1 ChitinaseA_N CHU_C Coatamer_beta_C COP-gamma_platf CopC DUF1034 DUF11 DUF1973 DUF2271 DUF4165 DUF4625 DUF916 EpoR_lig-bind Filamin FixG_C FlgD_ig fn3 Fn3_assoc He_PIG HYR IFNGR1 IL6Ra-bind Integrin_alpha2 Interfer-bind Invasin_D3 MG1 Mo-co_dimer Neurexophilin NPCBM_assoc PapD_N PKD PPC Qn_am_d_aIII REJ Rib SoxZ SprB SWM_repeat T2SS-T3SS_pil_N TIG Tissue_fac Transglut_C TRAP_beta Y_Y_Y
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||93|
|Number in full:||5437|
|Average length of the domain:||70.40 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||22 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||13.50 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||15|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the PKD domain has been found. There are 15 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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