Summary: PTS HPr component phosphorylation site
This is the Wikipedia entry entitled "Phosphocarrier protein". More...
The Wikipedia text that you see displayed here is a download from Wikipedia. This means that the information we display is a copy of the information from the Wikipedia database. The button next to the article title ("Edit Wikipedia article") takes you to the edit page for the article directly within Wikipedia. You should be aware you are not editing our local copy of this information. Any changes that you make to the Wikipedia article will not be displayed here until we next download the article from Wikipedia. We currently download new content on a nightly basis.
Does Pfam agree with the content of the Wikipedia entry ?
Pfam has chosen to link families to Wikipedia articles. In some case we have created or edited these articles but in many other cases we have not made any direct contribution to the content of the article. The Wikipedia community does monitor edits to try to ensure that (a) the quality of article annotation increases, and (b) vandalism is very quickly dealt with. However, we would like to emphasise that Pfam does not curate the Wikipedia entries and we cannot guarantee the accuracy of the information on the Wikipedia page.
Editing Wikipedia articles
Before you edit for the first time
Wikipedia is a free, online encyclopedia. Although anyone can edit or contribute to an article, Wikipedia has some strong editing guidelines and policies, which promote the Wikipedia standard of style and etiquette. Your edits and contributions are more likely to be accepted (and remain) if they are in accordance with this policy.
You should take a few minutes to view the following pages:
How your contribution will be recorded
Anyone can edit a Wikipedia entry. You can do this either as a new user or you can register with Wikipedia and log on. When you click on the "Edit Wikipedia article" button, your browser will direct you to the edit page for this entry in Wikipedia. If you are a registered user and currently logged in, your changes will be recorded under your Wikipedia user name. However, if you are not a registered user or are not logged on, your changes will be logged under your computer's IP address. This has two main implications. Firstly, as a registered Wikipedia user your edits are more likely seen as valuable contribution (although all edits are open to community scrutiny regardless). Secondly, if you edit under an IP address you may be sharing this IP address with other users. If your IP address has previously been blocked (due to being flagged as a source of 'vandalism') your edits will also be blocked. You can find more information on this and creating a user account at Wikipedia.
If you have problems editing a particular page, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org and we will try to help.
The community annotation is a new facility of the Pfam web site. If you have problems editing or experience problems with these pages please contact us.
Phosphocarrier protein Edit Wikipedia article
|This article is an orphan, as no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles; try the Find links tool for suggestions. (June 2013)|
|Phosphotransferase system, phosphocarrier HPr protein|
Structure of histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein HPr from Streptococcus faecalis.
The phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS) is a major carbohydrate transport system in bacteria. The PTS catalyses the phosphorylation of sugar substrates during their translocation across the cell membrane. The mechanism involves the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) via enzyme I (EI) to enzyme II (EII) of the PTS system, which in turn transfers it to a phosphocarrier protein (HPr). In some bacteria HPr is a domain in a larger protein that includes an EIII(Fru) (IIA) domain and in some cases also an EI domain.
There is a conserved histidine in the N-terminus of HPr, which serves as an acceptor for the phosphoryl group of EI. In the central part of HPr there is a conserved serine which, in Gram-positive bacteria only, is phosphorylated by an ATP-dependent protein kinase, a process which probably plays a regulatory role in sugar transport.
- Jia Z, Vandonselaar M, Hengstenberg W, Quail JW, Delbaere LT (March 1994). "The 1.6 A structure of histidine-containing phosphotransfer protein HPr from Streptococcus faecalis". J. Mol. Biol. 236 (5): 1341–55. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(94)90062-0. PMID 8126724.
- Postma PW, Lengeler JW, Jacobson GR (1993). "Phosphoenolpyruvate:carbohydrate phosphotransferase systems of bacteria". Microbiol. Rev. 57 (3): 543–594. PMC 372926. PMID 8246840.
- Meadow ND, Fox DK, Roseman S (1990). "The bacterial phosphoenolpyruvate: glycose phosphotransferase system". Annu. Rev. Biochem. 59 (1): 497–542. doi:10.1146/annurev.bi.59.070190.002433. PMID 2197982.
- Boelens R, Scheek RM, Robillard GT, van Nuland NA (1995). "High-resolution structure of the phosphorylated form of the histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein HPr from Escherichia coli determined by restrained molecular dynamics from NMR-NOE data". J. Mol. Biol. 246 (1): 180–193. doi:10.1006/jmbi.1994.0075. PMID 7853396.
- Liao DI, Herzberg O (1994). "Refined structures of the active Ser83→Cys and impaired Ser46→Asp histidine-containing phosphocarrier proteins". Structure 2 (12): 1203–1216. doi:10.1016/S0969-2126(94)00122-7. PMID 7704530.
PTS HPr component phosphorylation site Provide feedback
No Pfam abstract.
Jia Z, Quail JW, Waygood EB, Delbaere LT; , J Biol Chem 1993;268:22490-22501.: The 2.0-A resolution structure of Escherichia coli histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein HPr. A redetermination. PUBMED:8226757 EPMC:8226757
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||PPV_E2_N DUF840 Med20 DUF1906 XendoU DUF2218 DUF4473|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000032
This entry represents a structural domain found in both the histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein HPr, as well as its structural homologues, which includes the catabolite repression protein Crh found in Bacillus subtilis [PUBMED:9237995, PUBMED:16316990]. This domain has a alpha+beta structure found in two layers with an overall architecture of an open faced beta-sandwich in which a beta-sheet is packed against three alpha-helices.
The histidine-containing phosphocarrier protein (HPr) is a central component of the phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS), which transfers metabolic carbohydrates across the cell membrane in many bacterial species [PUBMED:8246840, PUBMED:2197982]. PTS catalyses the phosphorylation of incoming sugar substrates concomitant with their translocation across the cell membrane. The general mechanism of the PTS is as follows: a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is transferred to Enzyme I (EI) of the PTS, which in turn transfers it to the phosphoryl carrier protein (HPr) [PUBMED:7853396, PUBMED:7704530]. Phospho-HPr then transfers the phosphoryl group to a sugar-specific permease complex (enzymes EII/EIII).
HPr [PUBMED:1549615, PUBMED:7686067] is a small cytoplasmic protein of 70 to 90 amino acid residues. In some bacteria, HPr is a domain in a larger protein that includes a EIII(Fru) (IIA) domain and in some cases also the EI domain. A conserved histidine in the N-terminal section of HPr serves as an acceptor for the phosphoryl group of EI. In the central part of HPr, there is a conserved serine which (in Gram-positive bacteria only) is phosphorylated by an ATP-dependent protein kinase; a process which probably play a regulatory role in sugar transport. Regulatory phosphorylation at the conserved Ser residue does not appear to induce large structural changes to the HPr domain, in particular in the region of the active site [PUBMED:11054290, PUBMED:15713472].
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Author:||Finn RD, Griffiths-Jones SR|
|Number in seed:||1143|
|Number in full:||35448|
|Average length of the domain:||81.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||34 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||29.90 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||15|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
There are 11 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the PTS-HPr domain has been found. There are 89 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...