Summary: Pyridoxal phosphate biosynthesis protein PdxJ
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Pyridoxal phosphate biosynthesis protein PdxJ Provide feedback
Members of this family belong to the PdxJ family that catalyses the condensation of 1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate (DXP) and 1-amino-3-oxo-4-(phosphohydroxy)propan-2-one to form pyridoxine 5'-phosphate (PNP). This reaction is involved in de novo synthesis of pyridoxine (vitamin B6) and pyridoxal phosphate .
Laber B, Maurer W, Scharf S, Stepusin K, Schmidt FS; , FEBS Lett 1999;449:45-48.: Vitamin B6 biosynthesis: formation of pyridoxine 5'-phosphate from 4-(phosphohydroxy)-L-threonine and 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate by PdxA and PdxJ protein. PUBMED:10225425 EPMC:10225425
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR004569
Pyridoxal phosphate is the active form of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine or pyridoxal). Pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP) is a versatile catalyst, acting as a coenzyme in a multitude of reactions, including decarboxylation, deamination and transamination [PUBMED:8690703, PUBMED:7748903, PUBMED:15189147]. PLP-dependent enzymes are primarily involved in the biosynthesis of amino acids and amino acid-derived metabolites, but they are also found in the biosynthetic pathways of amino sugars and in the synthesis or catabolism of neurotransmitters; pyridoxal phosphate can also inhibit DNA polymerases and several steroid receptors [PUBMED:17109392]. Inadequate levels of pyridoxal phosphate in the brain can cause neurological dysfunction, particularly epilepsy [PUBMED:16763894].
PLP enzymes exist in their resting state as a Schiff base, the aldehyde group of PLP forming a linkage with the epsilon-amino group of an active site lysine residue on the enzyme. The alpha-amino group of the substrate displaces the lysine epsilon-amino group, in the process forming a new aldimine with the substrate. This aldimine is the common central intermediate for all PLP-catalysed reactions, enzymatic and non-enzymatic [PUBMED:15581583].
In Escherichia coli, the pdx genes involved in vitamin B6 have been characterised [PUBMED:10225425, PUBMED:15242009, PUBMED:17344055]. This entry represents PdxJ, which catalyses the condensation of 1-amino-3-oxo-4-(phosphohydroxy)propan-2-one and 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate to form pyridoxine-5'-phosphate. The product of the PdxJ reaction is then oxidized by PdxH to pyridoxal 5'-phosphate.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||cytoplasm (GO:0005737)|
|Biological process||pyridoxine biosynthetic process (GO:0008615)|
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This large superfamily of TIM barrel enzymes all contain a common phosphate binding site. The phosphate is found in a variety of cofactors and ligands such as FMN [1,2].
The clan contains the following 57 members:Ala_racemase_N ALAD Aldolase AP_endonuc_2 BtpA CdhD CutC DAHP_synth_1 DAHP_synth_2 DeoC DHDPS DHO_dh DHquinase_I DUF1341 DUF2090 DUF556 DUF561 DUF692 DUF993 Dus F_bP_aldolase FMN_dh G3P_antiterm Glu_syn_central Glu_synthase His_biosynth HMGL-like IGPS IMPDH iPGM_N MtrH NanE NAPRTase NeuB NMO OMPdecase Orn_Arg_deC_N Oxidored_FMN PcrB PdxJ PhosphMutase PRAI Pterin_bind QRPTase_C Racemase_4 RhaA Ribul_P_3_epim SOR_SNZ Tagatose_6_P_K ThiG TIM TIM-br_sig_trns TMP-TENI Transaldolase Trp_syntA UvdE UxuA
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||9|
|Number in full:||2100|
|Average length of the domain:||235.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||50 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||96.84 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||8|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the PdxJ domain has been found. There are 50 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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