Summary: Pyroglutamyl peptidase
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Pyroglutamyl peptidase Provide feedback
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Odagaki Y, Hayashi A, Okada K, Hirotsu K, Kabashima T, Ito K, Yoshimoto T, Tsuru D, Sato M, Clardy J , Structure 1999;7:399-411.: The crystal structure of pyroglutamyl peptidase I from bacillus amyloliquefaciens reveals a new structure for a cysteine protease. PUBMED:10196127 EPMC:10196127
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000816
In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:
- Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
- Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.
In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.
Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PUBMED:11517925].
This group of cysteine peptidases belong to MEROPS peptidase family C15 (pyroglutamyl peptidase I, clan CF). The type example being pyroglutamyl peptidase I of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens.
Pyroglutamyl/pyrrolidone carboxyl peptidase (Pcp or PYRase) is an exopeptidase that hydrolytically removes the pGlu from pGlu-peptides or pGlu-proteins [PUBMED:7824521, PUBMED:1353026]. PYRase has been found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes where at least two different classes have been characterised: the first containing bacterial and animal type I PYRases, and the second containing animal type II and serum PYRases. Type I and bacterial PYRases are soluble enzymes, while type II PYRases are membrane-bound. The primary application of PYRase has been its utilisation for protein or peptide sequencing, and bacterial diagnosis [PUBMED:1353026]. The conserved residues Cys-144 and His-168 have been identified by inhibition and mutagenesis studies [PUBMED:7824521, PUBMED:7909543].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Biological process||proteolysis (GO:0006508)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||9|
|Number in full:||2041|
|Average length of the domain:||185.10 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||39 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||88.92 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||12|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_C15 domain has been found. There are 60 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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