Summary: Tymovirus endopeptidase
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Corresponds to Merops family C21. The best-studied plant alpha-like virus proteolytic enzyme is the proteinase of turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV). The TYMV replicase protein undergoes auto-cleavage to yield two products. The auto-peptidase activity has been mapped to the central part of this polyprotein.
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External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR008043
In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:
- Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
- Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.
In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.
Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PUBMED:11517925].
This entry is found in cysteine peptidases belong to the MEROPS peptidase family C21 (tymovirus endopeptidase family, clan CA). The type example is tymovirus endopeptidase (turnip yellow mosaic virus). The noncapsid protein expressed from ORF-206 of turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) is autocatalytically processed by a papain-like protease, producing N-terminal 150kDa and C-terminal 70kDa proteins.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||RNA-directed RNA polymerase activity (GO:0003968)|
|Biological process||viral process (GO:0016032)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
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This clan includes peptidases with the papain-like fold.
The clan contains the following 60 members:Acetyltransf_2 Amidase_5 Amidase_6 BtrH_N CHAP DUF1175 DUF1287 DUF1460 DUF2272 DUF3335 DUF553 EDR1 Guanylate_cyc_2 LRAT NLPC_P60 OTU Peptidase_C1 Peptidase_C10 Peptidase_C101 Peptidase_C12 Peptidase_C16 Peptidase_C1_2 Peptidase_C2 Peptidase_C21 Peptidase_C23 Peptidase_C27 Peptidase_C28 Peptidase_C31 Peptidase_C32 Peptidase_C33 Peptidase_C34 Peptidase_C36 Peptidase_C39 Peptidase_C39_2 Peptidase_C42 Peptidase_C47 Peptidase_C48 Peptidase_C5 Peptidase_C54 Peptidase_C58 Peptidase_C6 Peptidase_C65 Peptidase_C7 Peptidase_C70 Peptidase_C71 Peptidase_C78 Peptidase_C8 Peptidase_C9 Peptidase_C92 Peptidase_C93 Peptidase_C97 Peptidase_C98 Phytochelatin Rad4 Transglut_core Transglut_core2 Transglut_core3 UCH UCH_1 Viral_protease
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
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- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Merops A17|
|Number in seed:||2|
|Number in full:||52|
|Average length of the domain:||107.00 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||35 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||5.68 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||8|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There is 1 interaction for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_C21 domain has been found. There are 1 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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