Summary: 2C endopeptidase (C24) cysteine protease family
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2C endopeptidase (C24) cysteine protease family Provide feedback
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Internal database links
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||Peptidase_C37|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000317
In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:
- Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
- Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.
In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.
Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PUBMED:11517925].The two signatures that defines this group of calivirus polyproteins identify a cysteine peptidase signature that belongs to MEROPS peptidase family C24 (clan PA(C)).
Caliciviruses are positive-stranded ssRNA viruses that cause gastroenteritis. The calicivirus genome contains two open reading frames, ORF1 and ORF2. ORF2 encodes a structural protein [PUBMED:8892921]; while ORF1 encodes a non-structural polypeptide, which has RNA helicase, cysteine protease and RNA polymerase activity. The regions of the polyprotein in which these activities lie are similar to proteins produced by the picornaviruses. Two different families of caliciviruses can be distinguished on the basis of sequence similarity, namely those classified as small round structured viruses (SRSVs) and those classed as non-SRSVs.
Calicivirus proteases from the non-SRSV group, which are members of the PA protease clan, constitute family C24 of the cysteine proteases (proteases from SRSVs belong to the C37 family). As mentioned above, the protease activity resides within a polyprotein. The enzyme cleaves the polyprotein at sites N-terminal to itself, liberating the polyprotein helicase.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||cysteine-type endopeptidase activity (GO:0004197)|
|Biological process||proteolysis (GO:0006508)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
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EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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This clan contains a diverse set of peptidases with the trypsin fold.
The clan contains the following 24 members:DUF1986 DUF31 DUF316 Peptidase_C24 Peptidase_C3 Peptidase_C30 Peptidase_C37 Peptidase_C3G Peptidase_C4 Peptidase_C62 Peptidase_S29 Peptidase_S3 Peptidase_S30 Peptidase_S31 Peptidase_S32 Peptidase_S39 Peptidase_S46 Peptidase_S55 Peptidase_S6 Peptidase_S7 Peptidase_S76 Pico_P2A Trypsin Trypsin_2
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||5|
|Number in full:||142|
|Average length of the domain:||103.40 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||42 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||5.15 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||10|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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