Summary: Ulp1 protease family, C-terminal catalytic domain
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Ulp1 protease family, C-terminal catalytic domain Provide feedback
This domain contains the catalytic triad Cys-His-Asn.
Mossessova E, Lima CD; , Mol Cell 2000;5:865-876.: Ulp1-SUMO crystal structure and genetic analysis reveal conserved interactions and a regulatory element essential for cell growth in yeast. PUBMED:10882122 EPMC:10882122
Internal database links
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||Peptidase_C5|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR003653
In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:
- Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
- Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.
In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.
Cysteine peptidases have characteristic molecular topologies, which can be seen not only in their three-dimensional structures, but commonly also in the two-dimensional structures. These are peptidases in which the nucleophile is the sulphydryl group of a cysteine residue. Cysteine proteases are divided into clans (proteins which are evolutionary related), and further sub-divided into families, on the basis of the architecture of their catalytic dyad or triad [PUBMED:11517925].
This group of proteins contain cysteine peptidases belonging to MEROPS peptidase family C48 (Ulp1 endopeptidase family, clan CE). The protein fold of the peptidase domain for members of this family resembles that of adenain, the type example for clan CE. This group of sequences also contains a number of hypothetical proteins, which have not yet been characterised, and non-peptidase homologues. These are proteins that have either been found experimentally to be without peptidase activity, or lack amino acid residues that are believed to be essential for the catalytic activity of the peptidases in the family.
The Ulp1 endopeptidase family contain the deubiquitinating enzymes (DUB) that can de-conjugate ubiquitin or ubiquitin-like proteins from ubiquitin-conjugated proteins. They can be classified in 3 families according to sequence homology [PUBMED:10603300, PUBMED:8982460]: Ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase (UCH) (see PROSITEDOC), Ubiquitin-specific processing protease (UBP) (see PROSITEDOC), and ubiquitin-like protease (ULP) specific for de-conjugating ubiquitin-like proteins. In contrast to the UBP pathway, which is very redundant (16 UBP enzymes in yeast), there are few ubiquitin-like proteases (only one in yeast, Ulp1).
Ulp1 catalyses two critical functions in the SUMO/Smt3 pathway via its cysteine protease activity. Ulp1 processes the Smt3 C-terminal sequence (-GGATY) to its mature form (-GG), and it de-conjugates Smt3 from the lysine epsilon-amino group of the target protein [PUBMED:10094048].
Crystal structure of yeast Ulp1 bound to Smt3 [PUBMED:10882122] revealed that the catalytic and interaction interface is situated in a shallow and narrow cleft where conserved residues recognise the Gly-Gly motif at the C-terminal extremity of Smt3 protein. Ulp1 adopts a novel architecture despite some structural similarity with other cysteine protease. The secondary structure is composed of seven alpha helices and seven beta strands. The catalytic domain includes the central alpha helix, beta-strands 4 to 6, and the catalytic triad (Cys-His-Asp). This profile is directed against the C-terminal part of ULP proteins that displays full proteolytic activity [PUBMED:10882122].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||cysteine-type peptidase activity (GO:0008234)|
|Biological process||proteolysis (GO:0006508)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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This clan includes peptidases with the papain-like fold.
The clan contains the following 60 members:Acetyltransf_2 Amidase_5 Amidase_6 CHAP DUF1175 DUF1287 DUF1460 DUF2272 DUF3335 DUF553 DUF830 EDR1 Guanylate_cyc_2 LRAT NLPC_P60 OTU Peptidase_C1 Peptidase_C10 Peptidase_C12 Peptidase_C16 Peptidase_C1_2 Peptidase_C2 Peptidase_C21 Peptidase_C23 Peptidase_C27 Peptidase_C28 Peptidase_C31 Peptidase_C32 Peptidase_C33 Peptidase_C34 Peptidase_C36 Peptidase_C39 Peptidase_C39_2 Peptidase_C42 Peptidase_C47 Peptidase_C48 Peptidase_C5 Peptidase_C54 Peptidase_C58 Peptidase_C6 Peptidase_C65 Peptidase_C7 Peptidase_C70 Peptidase_C71 Peptidase_C78 Peptidase_C8 Peptidase_C9 Peptidase_C93 Peptidase_C98 Phytochelatin Rad4 Transglut_core Transglut_core2 Transglut_core3 Transglut_i_TM Transpep_BrtH UCH UCH_1 Viral_protease YopJ
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Structural domain|
|Number in seed:||27|
|Number in full:||3178|
|Average length of the domain:||164.70 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||15 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||27.92 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||14|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There are 2 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_C48 domain has been found. There are 37 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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