Summary: Peptidase family C9
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Peptidase family C9 Provide feedback
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR002620
The family of alphaviruses includes 26 known members. They infect a variety of hosts including mosquitoes, birds, rodents and other mammals with worldwide distribution. Alphaviruses also pose a potential threat to human health in many area. For example, Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus (VEEV) causes encephalitis in humans as well as livestock in Central and South America, and some variants of Sinbis Virus (SIN) and Semliki Forest Virus (SFV) have been found to cause fever and arthritis in humans [PUBMED:19013248].
Alphaviruses possess a single-stranded RNA genome of approximately 12 kb. The genomic RNA of alphaviruses is translated into two polyproteins that, respectively, encode structural proteins and nonstructural proteins. The nonstructural proteins may be translated as one or two polyproteins, nsp123 or nsp1234, depending on the virus. These polyproteins are cleaved to generate nsp1, nsp2, nsp3 and nsp4 by a protease activity that resides within nsp2 [PUBMED:11257180]. The nsp2 protein of alphaviruses has multiple enzymatic acivities. Its N-terminal domain has been shown to possess ATPase and GTPase activity, RNA helicase activity and RNA 5'-triphosphatase activity [PUBMED:10748213]. The C-terminal nsp2pro domain of nsp2 is responsible for the regulation of 26S subgenome RNA synthesis, switching between negative- and positive-strand RNA synthesis, targeting nsp2 for nuclear transport and proteolytic processing of the nonstructural polyprotein [PUBMED:19013248, PUBMED:16962975]. The nsp2pro domain is a member of peptidase family C9 of clan CA.
The nsp2pro domain consists of two distinct subdomains. The nsp2pro N-terminal subdomain is largely alpha-helical and contains the catalytic dyad cysteine and histidine residues organised in a protein fold that differs significantly from any known cysteine protease or protein folds. The nsp2pro C-terminal subdomain displays structural similarity to S-adenosyl- L-methionine-dependent RNA methyltransferases and provides essential elements that contribute to substrate recognition and may also regulate the structure of the substrate binding cleft [PUBMED:16962975].
This entry represents the nsp2pro domain.
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This clan includes peptidases with the papain-like fold.
The clan contains the following 60 members:Acetyltransf_2 Amidase_5 Amidase_6 CHAP DUF1175 DUF1287 DUF1460 DUF2272 DUF3335 DUF553 DUF830 EDR1 Guanylate_cyc_2 LRAT NLPC_P60 OTU Peptidase_C1 Peptidase_C10 Peptidase_C12 Peptidase_C16 Peptidase_C1_2 Peptidase_C2 Peptidase_C21 Peptidase_C23 Peptidase_C27 Peptidase_C28 Peptidase_C31 Peptidase_C32 Peptidase_C33 Peptidase_C34 Peptidase_C36 Peptidase_C39 Peptidase_C39_2 Peptidase_C42 Peptidase_C47 Peptidase_C48 Peptidase_C5 Peptidase_C54 Peptidase_C58 Peptidase_C6 Peptidase_C65 Peptidase_C7 Peptidase_C70 Peptidase_C71 Peptidase_C78 Peptidase_C8 Peptidase_C9 Peptidase_C93 Peptidase_C98 Phytochelatin Rad4 Transglut_core Transglut_core2 Transglut_core3 Transglut_i_TM Transpep_BrtH UCH UCH_1 Viral_protease YopJ
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||8|
|Number in full:||257|
|Average length of the domain:||192.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||66 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||8.58 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||11|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_C9 domain has been found. There are 2 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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