Summary: Streptomyces extracellular neutral proteinase (M7) family
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Streptomyces extracellular neutral proteinase (M7) family Provide feedback
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Internal database links
|SCOOP:||Peptidase_M6 Peptidase_M43 Peptidase_M66 Reprolysin_2 Reprolysin_3 Reprolysin_4 Reprolysin_5 DUF4953|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||Peptidase_M10 Peptidase_M6|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR000013
Metalloproteases are the most diverse of the four main types of protease, with more than 50 families identified to date. In these enzymes, a divalent cation, usually zinc, activates the water molecule. The metal ion is held in place by amino acid ligands, usually three in number. The known metal ligands are His, Glu, Asp or Lys and at least one other residue is required for catalysis, which may play an electrophillic role. Of the known metalloproteases, around half contain an HEXXH motif, which has been shown in crystallographic studies to form part of the metal-binding site [PUBMED:7674922]. The HEXXH motif is relatively common, but can be more stringently defined for metalloproteases as 'abXHEbbHbc', where 'a' is most often valine or threonine and forms part of the S1' subsite in thermolysin and neprilysin, 'b' is an uncharged residue, and 'c' a hydrophobic residue. Proline is never found in this site, possibly because it would break the helical structure adopted by this motif in metalloproteases [PUBMED:7674922].
This group of metallopeptidases belong to the MEROPS peptidase family M7 (snapalysin family, clan MA(M)). The protein fold of the peptidase domain for members of this family resembles that of thermolysin, the type example for clan MA.
With a molecular weight of around 16kDa, Streptomyces extracellular neutral protease is one of the smallest known proteases [PUBMED:7674922]; it is capable of hydrolysing milk proteins [PUBMED:7674922]. The enzyme is synthesised as a proenzyme with a signal peptide, a propeptide and an active domain that contains the conserved HEXXH motif characteristic of metalloproteases. Although family M7 shows active site sequence similarity to other members, it differs in one major respect: the third zinc ligand appears to be an aspartate residue rather than the usual histidine.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||extracellular region (GO:0005576)|
|Molecular function||metalloendopeptidase activity (GO:0004222)|
|zinc ion binding (GO:0008270)|
|Biological process||proteolysis (GO:0006508)|
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Clan MA is one of two zinc-dependent metallopeptidases that contain the HEXXH motif. The two histidines are zinc ligands. The structures of this clan show the active site is between its two sub-domains.
The clan contains the following 58 members:Aspzincin_M35 Astacin BSP DUF1570 DUF2201_N DUF2268 DUF3152 DUF3267 DUF3633 DUF3810 DUF4157 DUF4344 DUF45 DUF4953 DUF955 HRXXH Peptidase_M1 Peptidase_M10 Peptidase_M11 Peptidase_M13 Peptidase_M2 Peptidase_M27 Peptidase_M3 Peptidase_M30 Peptidase_M32 Peptidase_M35 Peptidase_M36 Peptidase_M4 Peptidase_M41 Peptidase_M43 Peptidase_M48 Peptidase_M4_C Peptidase_M50 Peptidase_M50B Peptidase_M54 Peptidase_M56 Peptidase_M57 Peptidase_M6 Peptidase_M60 Peptidase_M61 Peptidase_M64 Peptidase_M66 Peptidase_M7 Peptidase_M8 Peptidase_M9 Peptidase_M91 Peptidase_Mx Peptidase_Mx1 Peptidase_U49 Reprolysin Reprolysin_2 Reprolysin_3 Reprolysin_4 Reprolysin_5 SprT-like WLM Zn_peptidase Zn_peptidase_2
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
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- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Mian N, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||2|
|Number in full:||70|
|Average length of the domain:||131.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||46 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||64.49 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 11927849 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||13|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_M7 domain has been found. There are 8 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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