Summary: Peptidase family S51
Peptidase family S51 Provide feedback
No Pfam abstract.
Internal database links
|SCOOP:||DUF863 GATase_3 BPL_N DUF2931 NAM-associated GIT_CC|
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||GATase_3|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR005320
In the MEROPS database peptidases and peptidase homologues are grouped into clans and families. Clans are groups of families for which there is evidence of common ancestry based on a common structural fold:
- Each clan is identified with two letters, the first representing the catalytic type of the families included in the clan (with the letter 'P' being used for a clan containing families of more than one of the catalytic types serine, threonine and cysteine). Some families cannot yet be assigned to clans, and when a formal assignment is required, such a family is described as belonging to clan A-, C-, M-, N-, S-, T- or U-, according to the catalytic type. Some clans are divided into subclans because there is evidence of a very ancient divergence within the clan, for example MA(E), the gluzincins, and MA(M), the metzincins.
- Peptidase families are grouped by their catalytic type, the first character representing the catalytic type: A, aspartic; C, cysteine; G, glutamic acid; M, metallo; N, asparagine; S, serine; T, threonine; and U, unknown. The serine, threonine and cysteine peptidases utilise the amino acid as a nucleophile and form an acyl intermediate - these peptidases can also readily act as transferases. In the case of aspartic, glutamic and metallopeptidases, the nucleophile is an activated water molecule. In the case of the asparagine endopeptidases, the nucleophile is asparagine and all are self-processing endopeptidases.
In many instances the structural protein fold that characterises the clan or family may have lost its catalytic activity, yet retain its function in protein recognition and binding.
Proteolytic enzymes that exploit serine in their catalytic activity are ubiquitous, being found in viruses, bacteria and eukaryotes [PUBMED:7845208]. They include a wide range of peptidase activity, including exopeptidase, endopeptidase, oligopeptidase and omega-peptidase activity. Many families of serine protease have been identified, these being grouped into clans on the basis of structural similarity and other functional evidence [PUBMED:7845208]. Structures are known for members of the clans and the structures indicate that some appear to be totally unrelated, suggesting different evolutionary origins for the serine peptidases [PUBMED:7845208].
Not withstanding their different evolutionary origins, there are similarities in the reaction mechanisms of several peptidases. Chymotrypsin, subtilisin and carboxypeptidase C have a catalytic triad of serine, aspartate and histidine in common: serine acts as a nucleophile, aspartate as an electrophile, and histidine as a base [PUBMED:7845208]. The geometric orientations of the catalytic residues are similar between families, despite different protein folds [PUBMED:7845208]. The linear arrangements of the catalytic residues commonly reflect clan relationships. For example the catalytic triad in the chymotrypsin clan (PA) is ordered HDS, but is ordered DHS in the subtilisin clan (SB) and SDH in the carboxypeptidase clan (SC) [PUBMED:7845208, PUBMED:8439290].
This group of serine peptidases belong to MEROPS peptidase family S51 (clan PC(S)). The type example being dipeptidase E (alpha-aspartyl dipeptidase) from Escherichia coli. The family contains alpha-aspartyl dipeptidases (dipeptidase E) and cyanophycinases.
The three-dimensional structure of Salmonella typhimurium aspartyl dipeptidase, peptidase E has been determine at 1.2-A resolution. The structure of this 25kDa enzyme consists of two mixed beta-sheets forming a V, flanked by six alpha-helices. The active site contains a Ser-His-Glu catalytic triad and is the first example of a serine peptidase/protease with a glutamate in the catalytic triad. The active site Ser is located on a strand-helix motif reminiscent of that found in alpha/beta-hydrolases, but the polypeptide fold and the organisation of the catalytic triad differ from those of the known serine proteases. This enzyme appears to represent a new example of convergent evolution of peptidase activity [PUBMED:11106384].
Alpha-aspartyl dipeptidase hydrolyses dipeptides containing N-terminal aspartate residues, asp-|-xaa. It does not act on peptides with N-terminal Glu, Asn or Gln, nor does it cleave isoaspartyl peptides. In the cyanobacteria, cyanophycinase is an exopeptidase that catalyses the hydrolytic cleavage of multi-l-arginyl-poly-l-aspartic acid (cyanophycin; a water- insoluble reserve polymer) into aspartate-arginine dipeptides.
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||serine-type peptidase activity (GO:0008236)|
|Biological process||proteolysis (GO:0006508)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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Most members of this clan are glutaminase enzymes. This superfamily is shown to be related in . The clan also contains the DJ-1/PfpI family that includes the peptidase PfpI that has a catalytic Cys-His-Glu triad that differs from the class I GAT Cys-His-Glu triad.
The clan contains the following 14 members:BPL_N DJ-1_PfpI DUF4159 GATase GATase1_like GATase_3 GATase_5 Glyco_hydro_42M HTS Peptidase_C26 Peptidase_S51 SNO ThiJ_like ThuA
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||22|
|Number in full:||5937|
|Average length of the domain:||196.90 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||38 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||83.71 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||13|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There is 1 interaction for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Peptidase_S51 domain has been found. There are 6 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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