Summary: Regulator of G protein signalling-like domain
Regulator of G protein signalling-like domain Provide feedback
Members of this family adopt a structure consisting of twelve helices that fold into a compact domain that contains the overall structural scaffold observed in other RGS proteins and three additional helical elements that pack closely to it. Helices 1-9 comprise the RGS (PF00615) fold, in which helices 4-7 form a classic antiparallel bundle adjacent to the other helices. Like other RGS structures, helices 7 and 8 span the length of the folded domain and form essentially one continuous helix with a kink in the middle. Helices 10-12 form an apparently stable C-terminal extension of the structural domain, and although other RGS proteins lack this structure, these elements are intimately associated with the rest of the structural framework by hydrophobic interactions. Members of the family bind to active G-alpha proteins, promoting GTP hydrolysis by the alpha subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, thereby inactivating the G protein and rapidly switching off G protein-coupled receptor signalling pathways .
Longenecker KL, Lewis ME, Chikumi H, Gutkind JS, Derewenda ZS; , Structure. 2001;9:559-569.: Structure of the RGS-like domain from PDZ-RhoGEF: linking heterotrimeric g protein-coupled signaling to Rho GTPases. PUBMED:11470431 EPMC:11470431
Anantharaman V, Abhiman S, de Souza RF, Aravind L;, Gene. 2011;475:63-78.: Comparative genomics uncovers novel structural and functional features of the heterotrimeric GTPase signaling system. PUBMED:21182906 EPMC:21182906
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR015212
This entry represents a domain consisting of twelve helices that fold into a compact structure that contains the overall structural scaffold observed in other regulator of G protein signalling (RGS) proteins and three additional helical elements that pack closely to it. Helices 1-9 comprise the RGS fold, in which helices 4-7 form a classic antiparallel bundle adjacent to the other helices. Like other RGS structures, helices 7 and 8 span the length of the folded domain and form essentially one continuous helix with a kink in the middle. Helices 10-12 form an apparently stable C-terminal extension of the structural domain, and although other RGS proteins lack this structure, these elements are intimately associated with the rest of the structural framework by hydrophobic interactions. This domain binds to active G-alpha proteins, promoting GTP hydrolysis by the alpha subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, thereby inactivating the G protein and rapidly switching off G protein-coupled receptor signalling pathways [PUBMED:11470431].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||cytoplasm (GO:0005737)|
|Molecular function||Rho guanyl-nucleotide exchange factor activity (GO:0005089)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
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We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||9|
|Number in full:||251|
|Average length of the domain:||172.50 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||40 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||14.50 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||6|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the RGS-like domain has been found. There are 9 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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