Summary: Rel homology domain (RHD)
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Rel homology domain Edit Wikipedia article
|Rel homology domain (RHD)|
The Rel homology domain (RHD) is a protein domain found in a family of eukaryotic transcription factors, which includes NF-κB, NFAT, among others. Some of these transcription factors appear to form multi-protein DNA-bound complexes. Phosphorylation of the RHD appears to play a role in the regulation of some of these transcription factors, acting to modulate the expression of their target genes. The RHD is composed of two immunoglobulin-like beta barrel subdomains that grip the DNA in the major groove. The N-terminal specificity domain resembles the core domain of the p53 transcription factor, and contains a recognition loop that interacts with DNA bases. The C-terminal dimerization domain contains the site for interaction with I-kappaB.
- PDB 1SVC;Müller CW, Rey FA, Sodeoka M, Verdine GL, Harrison SC (January 1995). "Structure of the NF-kappa B p50 homodimer bound to DNA". Nature 373 (6512): 311–7. doi:10.1038/373311a0. PMID 7830764.
- Wolberger C (October 1998). "Combinatorial transcription factors". Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 8 (5): 552–9. doi:10.1016/S0959-437X(98)80010-5. PMID 9794820.
- Anrather J, Racchumi G, Iadecola C (January 2005). "cis-acting, element-specific transcriptional activity of differentially phosphorylated nuclear factor-kappa B". J. Biol. Chem. 280 (1): 244–52. doi:10.1074/jbc.M409344200. PMID 15516339.
|This protein-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
Rel homology domain (RHD) Provide feedback
Proteins containing the Rel homology domain (RHD) are eukaryotic transcription factors. The RHD is composed of two structural domains. This is the N-terminal domain that is similar to that found in P53. The C-terminal domain has an immunoglobulin-like fold (See PF01833) that binds to DNA.
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR011539
The Rel homology domain (RHD) is found in a family of eukaryotic transcription factors, which includes NF-kappaB, Dorsal, Relish, NFAT, among others. Some of these transcription factors appear to form multi-protein DNA-bound complexes [PUBMED:9794820]. Phosphorylation of the RHD appears to play a role in the regulation of some of these transcription factors, acting to modulate the expression of their target genes [PUBMED:15516339]. The RHD is composed of two immunoglobulin-like beta-barrel subdomains that grip the DNA in the major groove. The N-terminal specificity domain resembles the core domain of the p53 transcription factor, and contains a recognition loop that interacts with DNA bases; the C-terminal dimerisation domain contains the site for interaction with I-kappaB [PUBMED:7830764].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Cellular component||nucleus (GO:0005634)|
|Molecular function||sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity (GO:0003700)|
|Biological process||regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent (GO:0006355)|
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
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This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
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This clan contains a variety of DNA-binding domains that contain an immunoglobulin-like fold. It includes the DNA-binding domains of NF-kappaB, NFAT, p53, STAT-1, the T-domain and the Runt domain .
The clan contains the following 7 members:CEP1-DNA_bind NDT80_PhoG P53 RHD Runt STAT_bind T-box
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
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1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
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Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||21|
|Number in full:||1068|
|Average length of the domain:||154.90 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||36 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||22.50 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||17|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There are 3 interactions for this family. More...
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the RHD domain has been found. There are 75 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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