Summary: RNA polymerase beta subunit external 1 domain
RNA polymerase beta subunit external 1 domain Provide feedback
RNA polymerases catalyse the DNA-dependent polymerisation of RNA. Prokaryotes contain a single RNA polymerase compared with three in eukaryotes (not including mitochondrial or chloroplast polymerases). This domain in prokaryotes spans the gap between domains 4 and 5 of the yeast protein. It is also known as the external 1 region of the polymerase and is bound in association with the external 2 region .
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This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR019462
DNA-directed RNA polymerases EC (also known as DNA-dependent RNA polymerases) are responsible for the polymerisation of ribonucleotides into a sequence complementary to the template DNA. In eukaryotes, there are three different forms of DNA-directed RNA polymerases transcribing different sets of genes. Most RNA polymerases are multimeric enzymes and are composed of a variable number of subunits. The core RNA polymerase complex consists of five subunits (two alpha, one beta, one beta-prime and one omega) and is sufficient for transcription elongation and termination but is unable to initiate transcription. Transcription initiation from promoter elements requires a sixth, dissociable subunit called a sigma factor, which reversibly associates with the core RNA polymerase complex to form a holoenzyme [PUBMED:3052291]. The core RNA polymerase complex forms a "crab claw"-like structure with an internal channel running along the full length [PUBMED:10499798]. The key functional sites of the enzyme, as defined by mutational and cross-linking analysis, are located on the inner wall of this channel.
RNA synthesis follows after the attachment of RNA polymerase to a specific site, the promoter, on the template DNA strand. The RNA synthesis process continues until a termination sequence is reached. The RNA product, which is synthesised in the 5' to 3'direction, is known as the primary transcript. Eukaryotic nuclei contain three distinct types of RNA polymerases that differ in the RNA they synthesise:
- RNA polymerase I: located in the nucleoli, synthesises precursors of most ribosomal RNAs.
- RNA polymerase II: occurs in the nucleoplasm, synthesises mRNA precursors.
- RNA polymerase III: also occurs in the nucleoplasm, synthesises the precursors of 5S ribosomal RNA, the tRNAs, and a variety of other small nuclear and cytosolic RNAs.
RNA polymerases catalyse the DNA-dependent polymerisation of RNA. Prokaryotes contain a single RNA polymerase compared with three in eukaryotes (not including mitochondrial or chloroplast polymerases). This entry represents a domain in prokaryotic polymerases that spans the gap between domains 4 and 5 of the protein. It is also known as the external 1 region of the polymerase and is bound in association with the external 2 region [PUBMED:11313498].
The mapping between Pfam and Gene Ontology is provided by InterPro. If you use this data please cite InterPro.
|Molecular function||DNA-directed RNA polymerase activity (GO:0003899)|
|Biological process||transcription, DNA-templated (GO:0006351)|
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Gene3D, pdb_2a6h|
|Number in seed:||819|
|Number in full:||24917|
|Average length of the domain:||66.80 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||52 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||6.43 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 80369284 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||5|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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There are 6 interactions for this family. More...
We determine these interactions using iPfam, which considers the interactions between residues in three-dimensional protein structures and maps those interactions back to Pfam families. You can find more information about the iPfam algorithm in the journal article that accompanies the website.
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the RNA_pol_Rpb2_45 domain has been found. There are 84 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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