Summary: Ubiquitin-2 like Rad60 SUMO-like
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Ubiquitin-2 like Rad60 SUMO-like Provide feedback
The small ubiquitin-related modifier SUMO-1 is a Ub/Ubl family member, and although SUMO-1 shares structural similarity to Ub, SUMO's cellular functions remain distinct insomuch as SUMO modification alters protein function through changes in activity, cellular localisation, or by protecting substrates from ubiquitination . Rad60 family members contain functionally enigmatic, integral SUMO-like domains (SLDs). Despite their divergence from SUMO, each Rad60 SLD interacts with a subset of SUMO pathway enzymes: SLD2 specifically binds the SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme (Ubc9)), whereas SLD1 binds the SUMO E1 (Fub2, also called Uba2) activating and E3 (Pli1, also called Siz1 and Siz2) specificity enzymes. Structural analysis of PDB:2uyz reveals a mechanistic basis for the near-synonymous roles of Rad60 and SUMO in survival of genotoxic stress and suggest unprecedented DNA-damage-response functions for SLDs in regulating SUMOylation . The Rad60 branch of this family is also known as RENi (Rad60-Esc2-Nip45), and biologically it should be two distinct families SUMO and RENi (Rad60-Esc2-Nip45).
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR022617
This entry includes small ubiquitin-related modifier (SUMO) proteins. SUMOs are small proteins that are covalently attached to lysines as post-translational modifications and are used to control multiple cellular process including signal transduction, nuclear transport and DNA replication and repair [PUBMED:15808504]. Unlike ubiquitin, they are not involved in protein degradation.
This entry also contains the C-terminal Rad60 DNA repair protein SUMO-like domain.
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This family includes proteins that share the ubiquitin fold. It currently unites four SCOP superfamilies.
The clan contains the following 41 members:APG12 Atg8 Blt1 Caps_synth_GfcC CIDE-N Cobl DUF1315 DUF2407 DUF4430 DWNN FERM_N Lambda_tail_I Multi_ubiq NQRA_SLBB PB1 PI3K_rbd Plug Prok_Ub RA Rad60-SLD Rad60-SLD_2 Ras_bdg_2 RBD SLBB Telomere_Sde2 TGS ThiS ThiS-like TmoB TUG-UBL1 Ub-Mut7C Ub-RnfH ubiquitin Ubiquitin_2 Ubiquitin_3 UBX Ufm1 UN_NPL4 Urm1 YchF-GTPase_C YukD
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
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- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
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Curation and family details
|Seed source:||Wood V, Chahwan C|
|Author:||Wood V, Chahwan C, Coggill P|
|Number in seed:||42|
|Number in full:||1068|
|Average length of the domain:||69.50 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||32 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||32.96 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||3|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the Rad60-SLD domain has been found. There are 50 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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