Summary: Antitoxin of toxin-antitoxin stability system N-terminal
Antitoxin of toxin-antitoxin stability system N-terminal Provide feedback
This domain appears to be the N-terminus of the RelB antitoxin of toxin-antitoxin stability system or prevent-host death system. Together RelE toxin and the RelB antitoxin form a non-toxic complex. Although toxin-antitoxin gene cassettes were first found in plasmids, it is clear that these loci are abundant in free-living prokaryotes, including many pathogenic bacteria, and these toxin-antitoxin loci provide a control mechanism that helps free-living prokaryotes cope with nutritional stress [1,2].
Anantharaman V, Aravind L; , Genome Biol 2003;4:R81.: New connections in the prokaryotic toxin-antitoxin network: relationship with the eukaryotic nonsense-mediated RNA decay system. PUBMED:14659018 EPMC:14659018
Internal database links
|Similarity to PfamA using HHSearch:||PhdYeFM_antitox|
External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
No InterPro data for this Pfam family.
- the number of sequences which exhibit this architecture
a textual description of the architecture, e.g. Gla, EGF x 2, Trypsin.
This example describes an architecture with one
Gladomain, followed by two consecutive
EGFdomains, and finally a single
- the UniProt description of the protein sequence
- the number of residues in the sequence
- the Pfam graphic itself.
Loading domain graphics...
The families in this clan are plasmid encoded toxins involved in plasmid maintenance. The plasmid encodes both a toxin and an antitoxin. Upon loss of the plasmid the antitoxin is inactivated more rapidly than the toxin. This allows the toxin to interact with its target thus killing the cell or impeding growth.
The clan contains the following 7 members:DUF1044 Gp49 PhdYeFM_antitox Plasmid_killer Plasmid_stabil Plasmid_Txe RelB_N
We make a range of alignments for each Pfam-A family:
- the curated alignment from which the HMM for the family is built
- the alignment generated by searching the sequence database using the HMM
- Representative Proteomes (RPs) at 15%, 35%, 55% and 75% co-membership thresholds
- alignment generated by searching the NCBI sequence database using the family HMM
- alignment generated by searching the metagenomics sequence database using the family HMM
You can see the alignments as HTML or in three different sequence viewers:
- Pfam viewer
- an HTML-based viewer that uses DAS to retrieve alignment fragments on request
1Cannot generate PP/Heatmap alignments for seeds; no PP data available
Key: available, not generated, — not available.
Format an alignment
If you find these logos useful in your own work, please consider citing the following article:
Note: You can also download the data file for the tree.
Curation and family details
|Number in seed:||97|
|Number in full:||364|
|Average length of the domain:||44.10 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||28 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||52.34 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild --amino -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||2|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
Weight segments by...
Change the size of the sunburst
selected sequences to HMM
a FASTA-format file
- 0 sequences
- 0 species
How the sunburst is generated
Colouring and labels
Anomalies in the taxonomy tree
Missing taxonomic levels
Unmapped species names
Too many species/sequences
The tree shows the occurrence of this domain across different species. More...
You can use the tree controls to manipulate how the interactive tree is displayed:
- show/hide the summary boxes
- highlight species that are represented in the seed alignment
- expand/collapse the tree or expand it to a given depth
- select a sub-tree or a set of species within the tree and view them graphically or as an alignment
- save a plain text representation of the tree
For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the RelB_N domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
Loading structure mapping...