Summary: Crossover junction endodeoxyribonuclease RuvC
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Crossover junction endodeoxyribonuclease RuvC Provide feedback
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External database links
This tab holds annotation information from the InterPro database.
InterPro entry IPR002176
The Escherichia coli ruvC gene is involved in DNA repair and in the late step of RecE and RecF pathway recombination [PUBMED:1661673]. RuvC protein (EC) cleaves cruciform junctions, which are formed by the extrusion of inverted repeat sequences from a super-coiled plasmid and which are structurally analogous to Holliday junctions, by introducing nicks into strands with the same polarity. The nicks leave a 5'terminal phosphate and a 3'terminal hydroxyl group which are ligated by E. coli or Bacteriophage T4 DNA ligases. Analysis of the cleavage sites suggests that DNA topology rather than a particular sequence determines the cleavage site. RuvC protein also cleaves Holliday junctions that are formed between gapped circular and linear duplex DNA by the function of RecA protein. The active form of RuvC protein is a dimer. This is mechanistically suited for an endonuclease involved in swapping DNA strands at the crossover junctions. It is inferred that RuvC protein is an endonuclease that resolves Holliday structures in vivo [PUBMED:1661673].
RucC is a small protein of about 20 kD. It requires and binds a magnesium ion. The structure of E. coli ruvC is a 3-layer alpha-beta sandwich containing a 5-stranded beta-sheet sandwiched between 5 alpha-helices [PUBMED:8057369].
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|Molecular function||endodeoxyribonuclease activity (GO:0004520)|
|Biological process||DNA repair (GO:0006281)|
|DNA recombination (GO:0006310)|
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This clan includes a diverse set of nucleases that share a similar structure to Ribonuclease H.
The clan contains the following 46 members:CAF1 DDE_1 DDE_2 DDE_3 DDE_5 DDE_Tnp_1 DDE_Tnp_1_2 DDE_Tnp_1_3 DDE_Tnp_1_4 DDE_Tnp_1_5 DDE_Tnp_1_6 DDE_Tnp_1_7 DDE_Tnp_2 DDE_Tnp_4 DDE_Tnp_IS1 DDE_Tnp_IS1595 DDE_Tnp_IS240 DDE_Tnp_IS66 DDE_Tnp_ISAZ013 DDE_Tnp_ISL3 DNA_pol_A_exo1 DNA_pol_B_exo1 DNA_pol_B_exo2 DUF2779 DUF3882 DUF4152 DUF458 Maelstrom MULE NurA Piwi Plant_tran Pox_A22 RNase_H RNase_H_2 RNase_HII RNase_T RuvC rve rve_2 rve_3 RVT_3 Transposase_1 Transposase_mut UPF0236 Ydc2-catalyt
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Curation and family details
|Author:||Mian N, Bateman A|
|Number in seed:||9|
|Number in full:||3205|
|Average length of the domain:||147.50 aa|
|Average identity of full alignment:||43 %|
|Average coverage of the sequence by the domain:||83.83 %|
|HMM build commands:||
build method: hmmbuild -o /dev/null HMM SEED
search method: hmmsearch -Z 23193494 -E 1000 --cpu 4 HMM pfamseq
|Family (HMM) version:||12|
|Download:||download the raw HMM for this family|
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For those sequences which have a structure in the Protein DataBank, we use the mapping between UniProt, PDB and Pfam coordinate systems from the PDBe group, to allow us to map Pfam domains onto UniProt sequences and three-dimensional protein structures. The table below shows the structures on which the RuvC domain has been found. There are 4 instances of this domain found in the PDB. Note that there may be multiple copies of the domain in a single PDB structure, since many structures contain multiple copies of the same protein seqence.
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